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22 Cards in this Set

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PEOPLE WHO TRIED USING SPELLS AND MAGIC FORMULAS TO CHANGE ONE SUBSTANCE TO ANOTHER
ALCHEMISTS
PEOPLE WHO BELIEVED ARISTOTLE'S EXPLANATIONS OF EVENTS WERE CALLED WHAT?
NATURAL PHILOSOPHERS
*ENGLISH PHILOSOPHER AND SCIENTIST OF 1200S. ONE OF THE EARLIEST TO FAVOR SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTATION OVER FAITHFUL RELIGIOUS ACCEPTANCE. KNOWN AS "DOCTOR MIRABILIS"*
ROGER BACON
*THE ERA WHERE PEOPLE BEGAN USING EXPERIMENTS AND MATHEMATICS TO UNDERSTAND UNKNOWN THINGS*
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
WHAT THE WORD "SCIENCE" MEANT BEFORE THE 1600S
TO KNOW
*METHOD OF STUDY WHERE SCIENTISTS PERFORMED EXPERIMENTS AND USED TOOLS TO MEASURE QUANTITIES. FROM THESE RESULTS, THEY DREW CONCLUSIONS.*
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
THREE AREAS THAT RENAISSANCE SCIENTISTS FOCUSED THE MOST ON
ASTRONOMY, PHYSICS, ANATOMY
*PTOLEMY'S THEORY THAT THE EARTH WAS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE WAS CALLED WHAT?*
GEOCENTRIC THEORY
*POLISH SCIENTIST THAT ABANDONED PTOLEMY'S THEORY AND SAID THAT THE SUN WAS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE*
NICOLAUS COPERNICUS
*THEORY THAT THE SUN IS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE*
HELIOCENTRIC THEORY
WHY DID PEOPLE FIRST DISMISS THE THEORY THAT THE SUN WAS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE?
PEOPLE DID NOT "FEEL" EARTH MOVE, AND COULD "SEE" THE SUN AND PLANETS MOVING AROUND EARTH.
*GERMAN MATHEMATICIAN WHO PROVED THE HELIOCENTRIC THEORY. PUBLISHED LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION IN 1609*
JOHANNES KEPLER
*ITALIAN SCIENTIST THAT BUILT THE FIRST TELESCOPE. HE SAW FEATURES OF THE MOON, RINGS OF SATURN, SUNSPOTS, JUPITER'S MOONS AND DREW SKETCHES OF THEM. HE PROVED THAT ALL OBJECTS FALL AT THE SAME RATE WITH NO AIR FRICTION, AND WAS FORCED BY THE CHURCH TO RESCIND HIS STATEMENTS.*
GALILEO GALILEI
*ENGLISH PHYSICIST WHO PROPOSED THE LAW OF UNIVERSAL GRAVITATION, WHICH STATES THAT ALL OBJECTS ARE ATTRACTED TO EACH OTHER. EXPLAINED THE LAWS OF MOTION, AND INFLUENCED NORMAL EUROPEANS TO BELIEVE IN NATURAL LAWS OF MATTER*
ISAAC NEWTON
*FLEMISH ANATOMIST WHO REFUSED GALEN'S DESCRIPTION OF THE HUMAN BODY AND PIONEERED THE STUDY OF ANATOMY. DID OWN STUDIES ON HUMAN BODY AND PUBLISHED "ON THE FABRIC OF THE HUMAN BODY", AND OBSERVED THE HEART, TOO.*
ANDREAS VESALIUS
*FRENCH PHILOSOPHER/MATHEMATICIAN WHO STATED THAT NO ASSUMPTIONS SHOULD BE ACCEPTED WITHOUT REASON OR QUESTION. WROTE "DISCOURSE ON METHOD". FORCED TO LIVE IN SWEDEN AT THE END OF HIS LIFE*
RENE DESCARTES
*ENGLISH PHILOSOPHER AND SCIENTIST WHO BELIEVED THEORIES CAN ONLY BE DEVELOPED THROUGH OBSERVATON, AND WHO RELIED ON TRUTHS SEEN PHYSICALLY. PUBLISHED "NOVUM ORGANUM.*
FRANCIS BACON
GERMAN SCIENTIST WHO DISCOVERED CALCULUS AT THE SAME TIME AS AN ENGLISH GUY.
GOTTFRIED LIEBNITZ.

BTW, THAT ENGLISH GUY=NEWTON
DUTCH SCIENTIST WHO DISCOVERED BACTERIA BY USING MICROSCOPE.
ANTONI VAN LEEUWENHOEK
*ENGLISH-IRISH CHEMIST WHO PIONEERED MODERN CHEMISTRY, AND SHOWED IN 1662 THAT TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE AFFECT THE SPACE THAT A GAS OCCUPIES*
ROBERT BOYLE

(BOYLE'S LAW)
DISCOVERER OF OXYGEN
JOSEPH PRIESTLEY
NAMER OF OXYGEN
ANTOINE LAVOISIER