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49 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was the rule of succession to the office of caliph during the Abbasid dynasty?
There was no accepted rule of succession.
How did the Shi'i react to the later Abbasid dynasty?
Shi'i revolts and assassination attempts plagued the dynasty.
What was the result of the civil wars following the death of al-Rashid?
Candidates for the throne recognized the need to build up personal armies, often of slave soldiers.
Which of the following was not a cause of the collapse of the agricultural economy during the Abbasid Caliphate?
decline of the cities leading to falling demand for food supplies
What did the Abbasid creation of the harem imply?
the increasing seclusion of women from public life
What was the religious affiliation of the Seljuks?
Sunni
In what way was the conquest of Baghdad by the Seljuk Turks beneficial to Islam?
The Turks restored the ability of the empire to meet the challenges of Fatimid Egypt and the Byzantine Empire.
Who was Saladin?
the commander responsible for the reconquest of the Crusader territories
Which of the following statements concerning the Crusades is most accurate?
The Crusaders were successful only because of the political fragmentation of Islam and the element of surprise.
What was the nature of cultural exchange during the Crusades?
The Crusaders adopted military techniques, words, scientific learning, and Arabic numerals among other things.
What was the trend of urbanization during much of the Abbasid era?
Despite political disintegration and a decline in the agricultural economy, towns continued to grow rapidly.
In what language was the Shah-Nama written?
Persian
Which of the following was a literary figure during the Abbasid era?
Omar Khayyam
What was the movement within Islam that emphasized mysticism and charismatic worship?
Sufism
Who were the religious scholars within Islam that stressed a more conservative interpretation of the law and religious texts?
ulama
How did Islam and Hinduism differ?
Islam stressed the egalitarianism of all believers, while Hinduism embraced a caste-based social system.
What was the first region of India conquered by the Muslims in 711?
Sind
Islam did not expand in Southeastern Asia until after the fall of what largely Buddhist trading empire?
Shrivijaya
Many of the soldiers within the mercenary private armies common to the later Abbasid Empire were slaves.
True
Over a two-hundred-year period, Christian crusaders mounted nine crusades.
False
The title Sufi derived from the woolen robes worn by these wandering mystics.
True
Socially, Islam was more egalitarian than Hinduism.
True
The third Abbasid caliph, __________, attempted unsuccessfully to reconcile moderate Shi'is to the Abbasid dynasty.
al-Mahdi
The most famous of the Abbasid caliphs was __________, whose death led to civil wars over the succession.
al-Rashid
A regional splinter dynasty of the mid-tenth century, the __________ invaded and captured Baghdad and took the title of sultan.
Buyids
The __________ Turks were nomadic invaders from Central Asia who ruled in the name of the Abbasid caliphs from the mid-eleventh century.
Seljuk
Christian knights invaded Palestine during the __________ and temporarily established small Christian kingdoms.
Crusades
The Muslim commander who reconquered the Christian enclaves in Palestine was __________.
Saladin
Written by Firdawsi, the __________ related Persian history from the creation to the Islamic conquests.
Shah-Nama
The __________ were Islamic mystics who were largely responsible for the conversion of southeast Asia.
Sufis
The __________ were orthodox religious scholars within Islam who pressed for a more conservative and restrictive theology.
ulama
A brilliant Islamic theologian, __________ attempted to fuse Greek and Quranic traditions.
al-Ghazali
The __________ were central Asian nomads who captured Baghdad in 1258 and killed the last Abbasid caliph.
Mongols
The great war commander of the Mongols was __________.
Chinggis Khan
The Arab general who conquered Sind and added it to the Umayyad Empire was __________.
Muhammad ibn Qasim
The Indian system of mathematical notation was known as __________ and was utilized in two scientific revolutions.
Arabic numerals
The ruler who repeatedly raided northwest India in the early 11th century was Mahmud of __________.
Ghazni
The ruler who established an independent Muslim kingdom with its capital at Delhi was __________.
Qutb-ud-din Aibak
__________ was the Indian ritual that required the immolation of the living widows of deceased males.
Sati
In response to the Islamic challenge, Hindus placed greater emphasis on __________ cults that stressed the importance of strong emotional bonds between devotees and gods or goddesses.
bhaktic
The fifteenth-century Muslim mystic who attempted to play down the importance of ritual differences between Hinduism and Islam was __________.
Kabir
__________ was a Buddhist trading empire that controlled trade through the Malacca Straits between Malaya and Sumatra.
Shrivijaya
The most powerful trading city on the mainland of Malaya was __________.
Malacca
The most powerful trading state on the north of Java was __________ from where Islam was disseminated to other ports.
Demak
African societies organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power were __________ societies.
stateless
__________ was the Arabic word for eastern North Africa.
Ifriqiya
__________ was the Arabic word for western North Africa.
Maghrib
The __________ were the first Berber puritanical reform movement that moved southward against African kingdoms of the savanna.
Almoravids
The __________ were the second Berber puritanical reform movement that penetrated into sub-Saharan Africa.
Almohadis