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171 Cards in this Set

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Vision required for Unrestricted Driver's License
20/40 or better vision in one or both eyes
100 degrees or better horizontal vision in one or both eyes
Vision required for Restricted to Daylight Hours Only Driver's License
20/70 or better vision in one or both eyes
70 degrees, or better, horizontal vision
Daylight Driving Hours
Half hour after sunrise to half hour before sunset
Red light
Come to complete stop before you reach the intersection, stop line or crosswalk
Right Turn on Red
Come to complete stop and if no "No Turn on Red" sign, look both ways, yield the right of way to pedestrians and traffic then turn
Left Turn on Red
You may turn left after making a complete stop IF on a one way street, turning left onto another one way street. look both ways, yield the right of way to pedestrians and traffic then turn
Red Arrow
Turn prohibited
Flashing Red Light
Come to complete stop, yield then proceed
Yellow Light or Arrow
Light is about to change. Proceed if in intersection, otherwise stop
Flashing Yellow Light
Slow down and proceed with question
Green Light or Arrow
Proceed if way is clear. Still must yield right of way to pedestrians and traffic if turning
Lane Use Signals

Red X
Never drive in lane marked such
Lane Use Signals

Yellow X
Move out of lane as soon as safely possible
Lane Use Signal

Green Arrow
Driving in this lane permitted
Traffic Sign Shapes


4 way stop, driver on left yields to driver on right if intersection reached simultaneously
Traffic Sign Shapes

Traffic Sign Shapes

Regulatory or Guide

Vertical - Give Instructions or tell the law

Horizontal - Give Directions or infromation
Traffic Sign Shapes


Special conditions or hazards ahead. Slow down and drive with caution
Traffic Sign Shapes

School Zone/School Crossing
Regulatory or Guide Signs
Inform you of the law.

Red circle with a slash means NO to whatever symbol is inside the circle
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Speed Limit
Maximum Legal Speed.
Can be cited for speeding below this speed because Rain, snow or ice may lower safe speed below maximum legal speed.
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Do Not Enter - Wrong Way
Do not drive in this direction past this sign
Regulatory or Guide Signs

One Way
Regulatory or Guide Signs

No Left Turn

U-turn is considered to be two left turns.
Regulatory or Guide Signs

No Right Turn
Regulatory or Guide Signs

No U-Turn
Regulatory or Guide Signs

No Turn on Red
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Do Not Pass
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Left Turn Yield on Green

Stop and look for oncoming traffic then proceed
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Keep Right
Traffic island, median or barrier is ahead.
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Lane Use Control
Used when turns are required or where special turning movements are permitted for special lanes
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Circular intersection with an island in the center.
Must yield right of way to traffic already in circle
Regulatory or Guide Signs

High Occupancy Vehicle
Lane reserved as indicated
Regulatory or Guide Signs

Disabled Parking
Need disabled parking permit
Warning Signs

Advisory Speed
Maximum safe speed for a highway exit
Warning Signs

Signal Ahead
Traffic signals are ahead, slow down and be ready to stop
Warning Signs

No Passing Zone
Beginning of no passing zone
Warning Signs

Both lanes must merge safely
Warning Signs

Lane Reduction
Plan to merge and allow others to merge
Warning Signs

Divided Highway Begins
Median or divider splits roadway
Warning Signs

Divided Highway Ends
Roadway no longer has median or divider
Warning Signs

Slippery When Wet
Reduce speed when pavement is wet
Warning Signs

Low Clearance Sign
Overpass ahead has a low clearance
Warning Signs

Steep grade ahead
Warning Signs

Deer Crossing
Watch for deer
Warning Signs

Pedestrian Crossings
Watch for people and be prepared to stop
Warning Signs

Bicycle Crossing/Bike Path
Watch for bikes
Warning Signs

School Zone/School Crossing
Slow Down. Watch out for children and obey crossing cards
Warning Signs

Open Joints
Open joints could cause motorcycle to lose control
Warning Signs

Expansion Joints
Joint creates bump or is wide enough to cause motorcycle loss of traction
Warning Signs

Four way intersection ahead
Warning Signs

Side Road
Be alert for vehicles entering the road you are traveling on
Warning Signs

Y intersection
Must bear either right or left
Warning Signs

T intersection
Roadway ending, signal before turning right or left
Warning Signs

Right Curve - Side Road
Be alert
Warning Signs

Sharp Right Turn
Slow down and prepare for sharp turn
Warning Signs

Sharp Right and Left Turns
Slow down and prepare for sharp turn
Warning Signs

Right and Left Curves
Slow down and prepare for curves
Warning Signs

Right Curve with Safe Speed Indicator
Slow down to the safe speed limit
Warining Signs

Winding Road
Slow down for better control
Warining Signs

Low Ground Railroad Crossing
Bottom of vehicle may drag or get caught on tracks
Warining Signs

Railroad Crossing
Look, listen, slow down and be prepared to stop for trains
Warining Signs

Railroad Crossbuck
Warning of railroad crossing
Warining Signs

Railroad Crossbuck and Track Indicator
More than one track
Warining Signs

Railroad Crossbuck and Flashing Light
Always stop when lights begin to flash
Warining Signs

Crossbuck, Flashing Lights and Gate
Remain stopped until the gates are raised and lights stop flashing
Pavement Markings

Areas not to be entered or used
Pavement Markings

Parking spaces for persons with disabilities
Pavement Markings

Yellow Center Lines
Two way traffic flowing in opposite directiions
Pavement Markings

Broken Yellow Center Lines
Passing on the left is allowed in either direction when clear
Pavement Markings

Broken Yellow LIne alongside a Solid Yellow Line
Passing allowed from broken side
Pavement Markings

Double Solid Yellow Lines
No Passing and lines can only be crossed to make a left turn
Pavement Markings

Broken White Lines
Separate lanes of traffic traveling in same direction and can change lanes.
Pavement Markings

Solid White Lines
Depict change lanes and discourage lane changes. Also mark edge of roadway
Pavement Markings

White Lane Arrows are Curved or Straight
If ONLY must go in that direction
Pavement Markings

Yield Ahead Symbol
Prepare to yield
Pavement Markings

Yield Lines
Point at which you must yield or stop
Pavement Markings

3 Lane Road
Can only travel inside solid yellow llines for 150 feet before making left turn
Pavement Markings

HOV Lane Ahead
Diamond shape in the center of the lane
Painted Curb

Stop only long enough to pick up or drop off passengers
Painted Curb

Stop only long enough to load or unload. Stay with your car.
Painted Curb

Do not stop, stand or park
Painted Curb

Parking is reserved for persons with disabilities
Hand Position
Hands should be positioned at 8 o'clock and 4 o'clock positions.
240 degrees and 120 degrees with straight up being 0 degrees
Maximum Speed Limit unless Posted Otherwise

Interstaste Highways in Certain Rural Areas
70 MPH
Maximum Speed Limit unless Posted Otherwise

Non-rural interstate highways, public roads not part of the interstate system
55 MPH
Maximum Speed Limit unless Posted Otherwise

Rural Rustic Roads
35 MPH
Maximum Speed Limit unless Posted Otherwise

School, Business and Residential Zones
25 MPH.
Only applies to school zone when indicated by sign or signal, otherwise posted speed
Stopping for School Buses
Stop if red light flashing and stop sign extended and/or loading or unloading until all persons are clear
Stopping for School Buses

If traveling in opposite direction on a roadway with a median or barrier dividing the road and bus is on opposite side
Stopping Distance

Perception Time
Time it takes you to recognize a hazard
Stopping Distance

Reaction Distance
Distance vehicle travels between recognition and brake application
Stopping Distance

Braking Distance
Distance traveled after brakes applied
Antilock Brakes
Never pump antilock brakes
Yielding the Right-of-Way

First to intersection
Has right of way
Yielding the Right-of-Way

Driver on left yields to driver on right
Yielding the Right-of-Way

Traffic lights not working
All vehicles must stop.

Driver on left yields to driver on right
Yielding the Right-of-Way

Interstate from entrance ramp
Must yield to traffic already on highway
Yielding the Right-of-Way

From private road
Stop and yield to all traffic and pedestrians
Yielding the Right-of-Way

Pedestrians in crosswalk or unmarked intersection
Yield to them
Yielding the Right-of-Way

Funeral Processions
Do not cut through, join or interfere with a funeral procession.
Lead car must obey all traffic signs and signals while rest of procession follows cautiously
Yielding to Vehicles with Flashing Lights

Stopped Vehicle
You may not stop within 500 feet of fire trucks or equipment answering an alarm.
On 4 lane highway, change lanes if practicable, if not slow and proceed cautiously
Yielding to Vehicles with Flashing Lights

Approaching Vehicles - same direction
Never follow closer than 500 feet
When police, fire or rescue vehicles approach from behind, pull over to right edge of roadway and stop until they pass
Yielding to Vehicles with Flashing Lights

Approaching Vehicles - opposite direction
On undivided highway, pull over to edge of road and stop until they pass
Yield to traffic already in roundabout, look before changing lanes in roundabout and use turn signal

Turning Right
Stay to right

Turning Left
Stay to left

Going Straight
Either lane in dual lane roundabout
1. Clear around you
2. Against the law to exceed speed limit to pass.
3. Complete pass before reaching No Passing Zone
4. Only pass on right if vehicle passing has signaled and is making a left turn and you canstay on roadway
5. Pass at least 2 feet to left of bicycles, mopeds etc.
Being Passed
Don't speed up. Maintain a steady speed or slow down
Passing is Unlawful and Unsafe when
1. On hills, curves, intersections or railroad crossings except traveling in one direction with multiple lanes
2. Off the pavement or on shoulder of road
3. School bus loading or unloading
4. When a solid line marks the left side of your lane
Avoid turning sharper than controllable.

Right Turn
1. Be in furthest right lane
2. Signal 3 to 4 seconds or 100 feet ahead of the turn.
3. Look for pedestrians or traffic in turn path
4. Obey signs and signals and stay right through turn

Left Turn
1. Be in furthest left lane
2. Signal 3 to 4 seconds or 100 feet ahead of the turn.
3. Wheels straight until turning to prevent being pushed into oncoming traffic.
4. Look for pedestrians or traffic in turn path
5. Obey signs and signals and stay left through turn

Left Turn and Aprroaching Vehicle Turning Left
Turn in front of each other to keep passenger sides abreast
1. Obey No U-Turn or Left Turn signs
2. Only allowed at intersections in business districts, cities and towns
3. Never allowed on highways
Turn Signals

Left Turn
Left hand and arm pointing straight out
Turn Signals

Right Turn
Left hand and arm pointing upward
Turn Signals

Slow or Stop
Left hand and arm pointing downward
Following Distance

Dry Surface
1. 2 seconds under 35 MPH
2. 3 seconds 36 - 45 MPH
3. 4 secondes 46-70 MPH
4. Increase distance for weather or obstructions
Following to close behind the vehicle in front of you.
1. Scoping entire scene for anything that might come into your path in the next 20 to 30 seconds
2. Look in rear view every 10 seconds
Blind Spots
1. Danger areas that cannot be seen in mirrors
2. Turn head and glance over your shoulder before changing lanes or passing
3. stay out of others blind spot

Most Involved in Accidents
1. Children
2. The elderly
3. Adults under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
Bikes are considered vehicles and have the same right of way as motor vehicles
1. Bicycle like device with a motor not rated over 2 horsepower, enabled to go faster than 30 MPH and cannot be operated over 35 MPH on an interstate highway.
2. Must be at least 16 yrs old to operate a moped.
Watch for motorcyclists as half of all fatal accidents involve them and automobiles
Light Rail
Look out and always follow roadway
Low Speed Vehicles
Electrically powered 4 wheel vehicles with maximum speed of 21 to 25 MPH that must be operated on speeds less than 35 MPH on public roadways
Trucks, Tractor-Trailors, Buses and RVs

Side No Zone
If you can't see the driver's face in the rear view mirror, you are in the side No Zone
Trucks, Tractor-Trailors, Buses and RVs

Rear No-Zone
Don't tailgate a truck
Trucks, Tractor-Trailors, Buses and RVs

Front No Zone
They need nearly twice the time and room to stop as a car so allow distance behind you for them to stop
Trucks, Tractor-Trailors, Buses and RVs

Wide Turns
Blind spot may stretch 20 feet in front to 200 feet behind so allow for this as a No Zone
Light to Medium Trailers
Remember the No Zones

If driving one perform a safety inspection before each trip and accomodate the size of your entire vehicle
Backing Up
Turn your head when backing up as the mirror does not give the full picture

On a Hill with a Curb
1. Downhill - Turn front wheels right so front of car is turned into curb
2. Uphill - Turn front wheels left so front of car would turned away from curb

On a Hill without a Curb
1. Downhill or uphill - Turn front wheels right so front of car is turned away from roadway

Not Allowed
1. Double Parking - besides anothr vehicle
2. On crosswalks or sidewalks
3. In front of driveways
4. Within areas where parking is depicted as prohibited
5. In Handicapped parking
6. On hard surface of a road when no curb is present
7. Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant
8. Within 20 feet of an intersection
9. Within 15 feet of the entrance to a fire, ambulance or rescue squad station
10. Within 500 feet of where fire trucks or equipment is stopped answering an alarm
11. Within 50 feet of a railroad crossing
12. In such a way that you block or create a hazard for other vehicles in a designated traffic lane
Vehicle Lights
Required when inclement weather reduces visibility to 500 feet or less or when using windshield wipers as a result of inclement weather
Following Distance During Hazardous Conditions
Double your normal following distance
Night Driving
Must use headlights from sunset to sunrise

1. In cities or towns
2. Oncoming traffic
3.. When following within 200 feet of vehicle ahead

High Beams
1. On Highways unless another vehicle is within 500 feet coming toward you
1. Use low beams in heavy fog and look for road edge markings to guide you
1. Use low beams
2. Use windshield wipers except for sprinkles which may smear windshield
3. First half hour of rain, roads are more slippery due to oil mixing with water
1. Remove all snow
2. Have appropriate tires
3. Brake gently on packed snow as it is similar to ice
4. Watch for ice on bridges and shaded areas
Aggressive Driving
Defined as intent to harass, intimidate, injure or obstruct another person while commiting one or more traffic offenses
Distracted Driving
1. Under 18 prohibited fromusing cell phones or any other wireless communication device while driving except in an emergency and the vehicle is lawfully stopped and parked.
2. Text messaging or reading of text messages while driving is illegal for all drivers.
Drowsy Driving
1. Tired drivers often drive like drunk drivers
2. Stop at least every two hours
3. Keep car cool
4. Avoid alcoholic drinks and heavy foods
5. Avoid caffeine drinks as the effect is temporary
Drinking and Driving
1. 21 years and older are considered to be driving under the influence (DUI) if blood alcohol content (BAC) is .08 or higher.
2. Under 21, .02 BAC is considered DUI
3. Driving impaired by drug influence is also considered DUI
Traffic Crashes
1. Stop at the scene
2. Give help to injured but do not attempt to move them unless trained to do so or immediate danger requires so
3. Report the Crash to police as soon as possible
4. Exchange information to include: Name, address and driver's license numbers, license plates, name and address of injured, name and address of each witness, name address and insurance policy numbers
5. Notify your insurance company immediatedly
6. Law enforcement must file a report with DMV when damages exceed $1,500
Traffic Stops
1. Remain Calm.
2. Pull off to right side of roadway away from traffic.
3. Turn off your flashers.
4. Turn off your engine, radio and any other device that could block communication with the officer
5. Roll down your window
6. jkeep your safety belt fastened and ask occupants to do the same
7. Stay in your vehicle.
8. Keep your hands in plain view and ask occupants to do the same.
9. Do not make suspicious movements.
10. Carry proper identification: valid driver's license, proof of vehicle registration and proof of insurance.
11. Ask officer for identification.
12. Answers questions fully and clearly
13. If issued a citation, await court to argue.
14. Signing the citation is not an admission of guilt. Refusal to sign the citation may result in your arrest or being taken to the police station.
Seat Belts
1. Driver and all front seat passengers must wear safety belts.
2. Driver must ensure anyone under 18 is properly secured.
Child Safety Seats
1. All children under 8 must be properly secured in a child safety seat or booster seat if the vehicle is a 1968 or later.
2. Vehicle has no back seat, then a rear facing child seat may be used is passenger airbag is off.
Traveling with Children
1. 12 months or younger ride facing rear.
2. 1 to 7 years old ride facing forward in a safety or booster seat.
3. Center of back seat is safest child seat location.
4. Illegal to transport anyone under 16 in bed of pickup truck.
License Suspended
Driving privilege has been temporarily withdrawn but may be reinstated at end of suspension period.
License Revocation
Driving privilege has been terminated and you must apply anew after revocation period expires.
Conviction Related Suspensions and Revocations

1. DUI
2. Injuring another person while DUI.
3. Operating a motor vehicle while suspended or revoked for DUI.
4. False statement to DUI
5. Failing to stop and identify yourself at scene of crash where someone is injured or killed
6. Voluntary or involuntary manslaughter resulting from driving a motor vehicle
7. Commiting a drug offense regardless
8. Committing a felony involving the use of a motor vehicle
9. Taking a driver's license exam or appearing to renew a license for another person
10. Eluding police
Conviction Related Suspensions and Revocations

MAY if Convicted of
1. Reckless or agressive driving.
2. Operating a motor vehicle without a valid driver's license
3. Driving while your license is revoked or suspended for a non-DUI related conviction
4. Refusing to take a blood/breath test when charged with driving while under the influence of alcohol/drugs
5. Failing to pay for gas
6. Failing to pay court fines and costs within 15 days.
Driver Improvement Program

Under age 18 years old
1. First demerit point conviction requires of driver improvement clinic
2. Second demerit point conviction results in 90 day suspension of driving privileges
3. Third demerit point conviction results in revocation of driver's license for 1 year or until 18 whichever is longer.
Driver Improvement Program

Age 18 or 19
Must complete driver improvement clinic if convicted of demerit point or safety belt.child restraint violation
Driver Improvement Program

Age 18 or Older
1. Accumulate 12 demerit points in 12 months
2. Accumulate 18 demerit points in 24 months
3. 90 day license suspension if 18 demerit points in 12 months or 24 demerit points in 24 months
Medical Review Program
1. Level of consciousness
2. Perception (vision)
3. Judgement
4. Motor skills
Aslo may require two-part knowledge exam and/or road skills test
Insurance Monitoring Program
1. Proof of insurance
2. Pay $500 uninsured motor vehicle fee
Child Support Suspension
1. Late making child support payments by 90 days or $5,000
2. Failure to appear in court or comply with a subpoena, summons or warrant

DUI Arrest Time Limit
Can be arrested within 3 hours of crash without a warrant for DUI

Administrative License Suspension - BAC .08 or higher
1. 7 days for first offense
2. 60 days or until you go to trial whichever comes first for second offense
3. Until the trial for third offense

Open Alcohol container
Can be charged with drinking while operating a motor vehicle if you have an open container of alcohol, contents have been partially removed and show signs you have been drinking

DUI with Juvenile (17 or under) in vehicle
1. Conviction is a mandatory 5 day jail term plus additional fines (at least $500) and jail sentences
2. Second conviction also carries 80 hours of community service
Vehicle Impoundment
1. Vehicle impounded for 30 days if caught driving after license suspended for DUI. Court can impound for an additional 90 days.
2. Operate a vehicle without a license after previously being convicted of operating a vehicle without a license

DUI Restitution
May be responsible for up to $1,000 of the cost of responders to your DUI crash or incident