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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
________ may cause staining of teeth in young animals.
A) oxytetracycline
B) clavulinic acid
C) tetracycline
D) doxycycline
c
Which antibiotics contain the betalactam ring?
A) penicillins and aminoglycosides
B) quinolones and tetracyclines
C) macrolides and quinolones
D) penicillins and cephalosporins
d
Which chemical may be used to sterilize rubber goods?
A) alcohol
B) chlorhexadine
C) ethylene oxide
D) phenol
c
Which of the following may be given to patients with hypocalcemia due to conditions such as milk fever, eclampsia, and endocrine disorders?
A) Potassium
B) Vitamin-K
C) Calcium
D) Selenium
C
Which antibiotics are used only topically?
A) gentamycin and erythromycin
B) oxytetracyline and clotrimazole
C) panamycin and erythromycin
D) polymyxin B and bacitracin
D
All flea products also control ear mites.
A) True
B) False
b
The antiparasitic medications most commonly attack the _________ system of the parasite.
A) Gastrointestinal system
B) Urinary system
C) Hepatic-portal system
D) Nervous system
d
Antitrematodal drugs include all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Clorsulon
B) Albendazole
C) Epsiprantel
D) Praziquantel
e
Drugs, such as corticosteroids and diuretics, may alter the fluid and electrolyte requirements of a patient.
A) True
B) Fals
a
Which of the following are heartworm preventatives? (Please mark ALL that apply)
A) Moxidectin
B) Selamectin
C) Melarsomine
D) Ivermectin
E) Milbemycin
F) Imidacloprid
a,b,d,e
The fluid administration set recommended for use in cats and small dogs is the:
A) Macrodrip (15 drops/ml)
B) Microdrip (60 drops/ml)
b
Coccidia infections in herbivores are caused by:
A) Eimeria spp.
B) Giardia spp.
C) Isospora spp.
D) Strongyloides spp.
a
Which of the following are factors that determine whether a molecule may pass through the cell membrane by passive diffusion? (Please mark ALL that apply)
A) Molecular charge
B) Carrier proteins
C) Lipid solubility
D) Molecular size
E) Decrease/increase in plasma protein levels
a,c,d
Which antiseptic is used commonly as a surgical scrub, for cleansing wounds, and as a teat dip?
A) alcohol
B) iodine
C) nitrofurazone
D) chlorhexidine
d
All manufacturers of heartworm preventatives recommend that dogs be microfilaria-negative prior to beginning prevention.
A) True
B) False
a
When dextrose is added to fluids, it is meant to serve as a calorie source.
A) True
B) False
b
Which statement regarding tetracyclines is true?
A) They are bactericidal
B) They alter the permeability of the cell wall and cause lysis
C) Currently, many bacteria are resistant to them
D) They are unable to penetrate the bacterial cell wall
c
The use of quionolones as antiinfective agents should be avoided in:
A) Horses
B) Dogs
C) Cats
D) Birds
a
In healthy animals, it is not important for their body to maintain a balance between water taken in and water lost through normal physiologic processes.
A) True
B) False
b
Fluoroquinolones are safe medications to use in canine patients used for breeding and that may be pregnant.
A) True
B) False
b
Which of the following are antinematodal medications? (Please mark ALL that apply)
A) Fenbendazole
B) Febantel
C) Metronidazole
D) Dichlorvos
E) Pyrantel pamoate
F) Sulfadimethoxine
G) Albendazole
a,d,d,e
Which antibiotics contain the betalactam ring?
A) penicillins and aminoglycosides
B) quinolones and tetracyclines
C) macrolides and quinolones
D) penicillins and cephalosporins
d
Adult administration sets will always deliver fluid at 15 gtt/ml and pediatric administration sets will deliver fluid at 60 gtt/ml.
A) True
B) False
b
Antitrematodal drugs include all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Clorsulon
B) Albendazole
C) Epsiprantel
D) Praziquantel
c
IGR is an acronym for:
A) Initial Growth Reproductive cycle.
B) Initial Growth Response
C) Insect Growth Receptacle
D) Insect Growth Regulator
d
Which statement is most accurate pertaining to insect growth regulators?
A) They prevent the female from laying eggs.
B) They effectively kill all adult stages.
C) They are insecticidal without toxic effects in mammals.
D) They are neurotoxic to mammals
c
What is the result when red blood cells are placed in a hypertonic solution?
A) they swell
B) they shrink
C) they remain the same
D) they become nucleated
b
What is the result when red blood cells are placed in a hypotonic solution?
A) they shrink
B) they swell
C) they remain the same
D) they become nucleated
b
Which antiseptic is used commonly as a surgical scrub, for cleansing wounds, and as a teat dip?
A) alcohol
B) iodine
C) nitrofurazone
D) chlorhexidine
d
Which of the following groups of fluids should not be given subcutaneously?
A) Isotonic
B) Hypertonic
b
Any product containing the electrolyte _____________ should be given by slow IV administration to prevent cardiac complications.
A) Potassium
B) Sodium
C) Calcium
D) Magnesium
c
Which antifungal is only given IV?
A) nystatin
B) miconazole
C) griseofulvin
D) amphotericin B
d
The typical fluid administration set for an average size adult dog would be:
A) Microdrip (60 drops/ml)
B) Macrodrip (15 drops/ml)
b
The most common adverse side effect of aminoglycoside antimicrobials are:
A) Nephrotoxicity
B) Ototoxicity
C) Nephrotoxicity and Ototoxicity
D) Nephrotoxicity and Neurotoxicity
c
Ivermectin can be used in treating all stages of heartworm disease EXCEPT:
A) 3rd stage larvae.
B) the adults
C) the microfilariae
D) the juveniles
b
Antimicrobial drugs such as Enrofloxacin, Orbifloxacin, and Marbofloxacin all belong to which group of antibiotics?
A) Macrolides
B) Cephalosporins
C) Sulfonamides
D) Fluroquinolones
d
Fluoroquinolones are safe medications to use in canine patients used for breeding and that may be pregnant.
A) True
B) False
b
Rehydration
volume of fluid that will be needed to correct dehydration.
Maintenance
volume of fluid needed by an animal on a daily basis to maintain body function.
Ongoing fluid loss
volume of fluid that the patient continues to lose during treatment due to vomiting or diarrhea.
Tonicity
property based on osmolality and describes the amount of solutes in a solution.
Osmolality
osmotic pressure of a solution based on the number of particles per kg of solution.
In animals, sources of water intake include which of the following? (Please mark ALL that apply)
A) water absorbed as a result of the metabolism of food.
B) water that is taken in orally from available water sources
C) moisture absorbed from the environment.
D) water that is ingested with food.
E) respiration.
a,b,d
CPR methods for small animals and large animals are the same.
A) True
B) False
b
MSDS sheets should be kept on all antiseptics and disinfectants used and stored within the hospital.
a
Colloids are sometimes called volume expanders as they function as plasma proteins in the blood.
A) True
B) False
a
Gram-positive bacteria will stain:
A) pink to red
B) brown to black
C) yellow to green
D) dark-blue to purple
d
All heartworm preventatives also control intestinal parasites.
A) True
B) False
b
Coccidia infections in carnivores are caused by:
A) Eimeria spp.
B) Giardia spp.
C) Isospora spp.
D) Strongyloides spp.
c
An example of an antibiotic that is considered to be a ß-lactamase inhibitor is:
A) Amoxicillin
B) Clavamox
C) Tetracycline
D) Penicillin
a
Vitamin-B complex is a water-soluble vitamin and may be added to fluids in anorexic or sick animals.
A) True
B) False
a
When dextrose is added to fluids, it is meant to serve as a calorie source.
A) True
B) False
b