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21 Cards in this Set

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SYMPHYSIS PELVIS

It is the joining of the ischium and pubis of the right and left sides on the median plane

SACROILIAC JOINT

It is an articulation of stability rather than mobility. The right and left wings of the ilia articulate with the broad right and left wings of the sacrum

DORSAL AND VENTRAL SACROILIAC LIGAMENTS

Lie around the periphery of the articular areas of the sacroiliac joint. It reinforces the fibrocartilage

SACROTUBEROUS LIGAMENT

It runs from the transverse process of the last sacral and first caudal vertebrae to the lateral angle of the ischiatic tuberosity. It seres as an origin for several muscles

HIP JOINT

It is a ball and socket joint whose main movements are flexion and extension. This joint can move in any direction, but the opposed action of the medial and lateral rotator muscles limits the movement to primarily flexion and extension.

LIGAMENT OF THE FEMORAL HEAD

It is a thick band of collagenous tissue that extends from the acetabular fossa to the fovea capitis. A synovial membrane covers it

TRANSVERSE ACETABULAR LIGAMENT

It is a small band that extends from one side of the acetabular notch to the opposite side. It is located at the ventrocaudal aspect of the acetabulum and continues as the acetabulur lip, which deepens the acetabulum by forming a fibrocartilaginous border around it

STIFLE

It forms three sacs- two are between the femoral and tibial condyles (femorotibial joint sacs), and the third is beneath the patella (femoropatellar joint sac). All sacs communicate with one another

MEDIAL AND LATERAL FEMOROPATELLAR LIGAMENT

They are thin fascial bands extending between the patella and the gastrocnemial sesamoid on each side

CRANIAL AND CAUDAL MENISCOTIBIAL LIGAMENTS

Each meniscus (one between each femoral condyle and the corresponding tibial condyle) attaches to the cranial and caudal intercondylar areas of the tibia by these ligaments

TRANSVERSE LIGAMENT OF STIFLE

It connects the cranial ends of the menisci.

MENISCOFEMORAL LIGAMENT

It connects the caudal part of the lateral meniscus to the intercondylar fossa of the femur

FEMOROTIBIAL LIGAMENTS

These are the collateral and cruciate ligaments. The collateral ligaments prevent abduction, adduction and rotation of the stifle

MEDIAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT

It extends from the medial dpicondyle of the femur to the medial side of the tibia distal to the medial condyle. It fuses with the lateral aspect of the medial meniscus

LATERAL COLLATERAL LIGAMENT

It extends from the lateral epicondyle of the femur over the tendon of origin of the popliteus to the head of the fibula and adjacent lateral condyle of the tibia. When the stifle joint is flexed, the lateral ligament is loosened

CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS

They pass between the intercondylar areas of the tibia and femur and limit craniocaudal motion of these bones. The ligaments cross each other near their attachments in the intercondylar fossa of the femur

CRANIAL CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS

It attaches within the intercondylar fossa of the femur to the caudomedial part of the lateral condyle. It extends distocranially to attach to the cranial intercondylar area of the tibia. It keeps the tibia from sliding cranially beneath the femur when the limb bears weight and limits medial rotation of the tibia when the stifle is flexed

CAUDAL CRUCIATE LIGAMENT

It attaches proximally within the intercondylar fossa of the femur to the medial condyle of the femur. Distally, it attaches to the medial edge of the popliteal notch of the tibia. It prevents caudal movement of the tibia beneath the femur when the limb bears weight

TIBIOFIBULAR JOINTS

Lie between the head of the fibula and the lateral condyle of the tibia and distal joint between the lateral malleolus of the fibula and the lateral surface of the distal end of the tibia

INTEROSSEOUS MEMBRANE

It is the sheet of fibrous tissue uniting the tibia and fibula throughout the length of the interosseous space

TARSAL JOINT

It is a composite of several articulations and joint sacs. The tarsocrural is the largest and incorporates the articulations of the distal tibia and fibula with the talus and calcaneus. Other joints include the proximal and distal intertarsal sacs and the tarsometatarsal sac