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20 Cards in this Set

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When the states asks for early primary election
Closed-Primary
A closed primary is an election where only registered members of a particular political party can vote.
Open-Primary
A open primary is an election in which any registered voter can participate in the contest.
Blanket Primary
a primary election in which each voter may vote for candidates from both parties
Winner-take-all
a system in which the candidate with the most district votes in a state gets all of the delegate votes from that state
Single-Member-District
an electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official
Plurality System
an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all american elections
Amicus Curiae Briefs
legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting information not contained in the briefs of the formal parties. these briefs attempt to influence a court's decision.
Electoral College System
system under which the president is elected; each state's electors = senators + representatives; this system was created because some delgates feared that too much democracy would lead to mob rule
Who elects the president when no candidate receives a majority?
the house
How is campaigning effected by the process?
If the person campaigns more they have a better chance of winning
Realignment
a shift of voting patterns to form new coaltions of party support
Lobbyists
people who represent interest groups
PAC
political action committee. PACs are special organizations that are set up for the purpose of collecting contributions from large numbers of people, aggregating those contributions into one giant pool, and then making contributions from that pool to campaigns and organizations.
Government Regulation of Campaigns
by requirements for disclosure of campaign donations, establishment of federal agencies to regulate campaign finance activities, limits on individual donations to campaigns, and limits on the distribution of money
Interest Groups
groups of people who work together for similar interests or goals
Factors that Effect party identification
background, interests, what you find important, political opinions age, gender, education, race, etc.
Party Machine
a centralized party organization that dominates local politics by controlling elections
Gerrymandering
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
Free Rider Problem
the problem faced by interest groups when citizens can reap the benefits of interest group action without actually joining, participating in, or contributing money to such groups.