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49 Cards in this Set

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what is the opening line for the Constitution?

"We the people of the United States"

What goals are stated by the introduction ("Preamble)?

The desire to form a better and more peaceful union of the states and to establish a just system of government - one that can protect its people and their rights.

What principles are listed in the Constitution?

1. Popular sovereignty


2. limited government


3. separation of powers


4. checks and balances


5. federalism


6. judicial review

What is popular sovereignty?

Popular sovereignty means that the people establish government and are the source of its power.

What is the Republic?

A republic is a government where people exercise their sovereignty by electing others to represent them.

What is the limited government?

Limited government means that government powers are restricted to protect individual rights.

What does "rule of law"mean ?

"Rule of law" means that every member of society including our rulers must obey the law.

What does separation of powers mean?

Separation of powers means that the government is broken in two different branches to prevent the abuse of power of any one of them.

What is the system of checks and balances?

Checks and balances is a system where each branch of government has the ability to check, or restrain, some powers of the other branches.

What is Federalism?

Federalism is the system of giving powers to the states to prevent the national government from becoming too powerful in the United States there are certain powers the states have and certain powers the national government has.

What Supreme Court case judicial review possible?

Mabury versus Madison

What is judicial review?

Judicial review is the ability of the courts to strike down laws and other government actions that violate the constitution.

What are the positives of our Constitution?

The fact that it is second official governing document in the world and that it has fulfilled it's goals of preventing a dictatorship for all that time.

What issues were not resolved until the Civil War?

The issues solved by the Civil War included slavery and the ability of the states to succeed or leave the union.

How is the Constitution amended?

The Constitution is amended when 2/3s of both houses of Congress pass an amendment Bill and 3/4 (or 38 out of 50 ) states approve the amendment.

How many times has the constitution been amended?

27 times

What powers was the national or federal) government given by the Constitution?

Controlling the Armed Forces, Printing and controlling money, overseeing interstate trade, immigration, enforcing the Constitution, and foreign relations.

What does the 10th Amendment say?

The Tenth Amendment of the Constitution basically gives the state's all powers that the constitution does not specifically given to the national government. Issuing licenses, setting Motor Vehicle Laws, determining sentences for criminals, creating marriage laws, establishing Health codes and establishing / controlling Public Schools.

What are some of the shared powers between the states and the national government?

Collect taxes, provide money for roads in Interstate transportation, and hold their own elections.

What is Indiana's legislature called?

General Assembly

What does the Indiana legislature consist of?

100 member House of Representatives in the 50-member Senate

When does the Indiana legislature meet?

The assembly meets for 61 days (January - April) in odd number years in 30 days ( January to March 15th) in even number years.

Who is currently the state's governor?

Mike Pence

How has the relationship between the states and national government changed over time?

During the last 100 years the powers of the national government have increased dramatically. Today that the national government has much more power than the states, especially because it gives money to States.

What does this Supremacy Clause say?

The supremacy clause states that the national government is ultimately more powerful than individual state governments

When has the supremacy clause been used against the States?

To keep the Southern States from leaving the union during the Civil War and to enforce civil rights decisions and laws in the 1950s and 1960s.

Why does federalism work

Federalism works because both the national and state governments have clearly defined powers and both continually "check each other's" powers.

How are disputes handled between the states and the national government?

Disputes are handled by the federal courts.

What types of cases do federal courts in state courts handle?

Federal courts handle: constitutional question, bankruptcy, tax evasion, possession of banned weapons, terrorism Kama counterfeiting, and others. State courts handle robbery, violent crime and civil cases.

What is a citizen?

Someone who has rights protected by their place of residence (city, state, Nation.)

What does the 14th Amendment say about citizenship?

14th Amendment says that anyone born in the United States is a citizen - and entitled to equal treatment.

What does US citizenship entitle someone to?

Citizenship in the US entities a person to the right to vote, to hold government office, and guarantees the protection of their rights.

What is a natural born citizen?

You are a natural born citizen if you are born in the United States.

What is a naturalized citizen?

A naturalized citizen is someone who is foreign-born but becomes an American citizen.

What are four requirements to become a naturalized citizen?

1) You must be a legal permanent resident


2) the applicant must be of good moral character


3) demonstrate an understanding of the English language


4) demonstrate basic understanding of American history and the Constitution

What is the difference between a subject and a citizen?

A citizen's rights are protected by his / her government, while a subject's are not

What are required responsibilities of American citizenship?

Required responsibilities of citizenship include 1) military participation


2) paying taxes,


3) serving as a juror


4) following laws of the nation and state of residence.

Why is volunteering important?

Volunteering is important because it promotes civic responsibility and takes the burden off the government in providing services.

How do people volunteer outside of politics in the United States?

Serving the homeless, serving the poor, contributing money to non-profit organizations, becoming involved in charitable organizations.

How can citizens influence the development of public policies?

Writing a letter to an elected official

Why is voting important?

Voting is the best way to give yourself a voice in the Affairs of the government.

How have voting rights changed?

By more people getting the opportunity to vote

What is the primary election and what does it do?

The primary election is held at different times in different states Indiana primary is the first Tuesday in May. Primary determines who will run in the general election. The general election, held in all states the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November, determines who actually wins the job that the candidates are running for.

What is the electorial college?

The Electoral College is a group of people who represent each state and actually vote for the president based on which candidate received the most popular votes in their state.

How are electors chosen?

Electors are chosen by the political parties in each state.

How is the number of electors each state has determined?

The number of electors is determined by adding the number of representatives and Senators each state has in Congress.

What are the two reasons that the Electoral College exists?

1) The founding fathers were cautious of getting too much power to the individual voter.


2) Electoral College was also created to quickly count votes state-by-state at a time when poor communication and transportation would have been counting votes across the nation too time consuming.

What is the positive to having the electorial college?

The positive of having the Electoral College is that some states (the so-called "Battleground" States) benefit from the extra attention and promises made by presidential candidates.

What are the three problems associated with the Electoral College?

1) you can win the presidency even if you don't win the popular vote.


2) if neither candidate wins the majority of the 270 electoral votes needed to win the presidency, then the House of Representatives chooses the president.


3) the electorial college has created division between the so-called "Blue States" and "Red States.



Blue states are those that are typically controlled by the Democratic party the term liberal is often used to describe them red states are those typically controlled by the Republican Party the term conservative is often used to describe them liberals believed in a strong national government to fix society's problems while conservatives believe that individuals or states can do a better job of fixing them.