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42 Cards in this Set

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Civilization:




What is the significance of Neolithic Era?

It was when there was an increase in agriculture so people could settle down.

Civilization:



The Four Cradles of civilization ?

Tigris Euphrates river




Nile river




Indus River




Huang Ne river

Civilization:



What are the five characteristics of civilization?

Advanced cities




Adva tech




Record keeping




Complex institutions




Specialized workers

Civilization:



What is a social hierarchy?

Separation of different communities based on wealth, irrigation systems.

Civilization:



What is cultural diffusion?

Exchange of goods and Ideas

Ancient Civilizations: Egypt & Mesopotamia:




Geography: How did it affect the development of civilization and their religions?

It is a desert so they all go to the river.

Ancient Civilizations: Egypt & Mesopotamia:



Define Theocracy:




Why was Mesopotamia considered a theocracy?

A government based on religion.




They were very religious and they wanted to please the gods.

Ancient Civilizations: Egypt & Mesopotamia:



Social Classes: How was society divided in Mesopotamia?

They had a social hierarchy, rich people and priest at the top , poor at the bottom.

Ancient Civilizations: Egypt & Mesopotamia:



Define cuneiform?

Wedge shaped written language scratched into clay tablets.

Ancient Civilizations: Egypt & Mesopotamia:



What was the significance of Hammurabi's code?

It was the first written law.

Egypt:




Geography: how did it affect the development of civilizations and their religions?

They settled around a river because it was a strip of fertile land in a desert.

Egypt:



Religion: Describe the following:




Pharaoh

Kings that were gods.

Egypt: Religion: Describe the following:



Weighing of the heart

In the afterlife they'll weigh your heart and if it weighed less then a feather, you'll live in a beautiful other world.

Egypt: Religion: Describe the following:



Ka

The eternal life force of the pharaohs.

Egypt:Religion: Describe the following:



Book of the Dead

A book put in with a sacrifice that would guide the soul in the afterlife.

Egypt:



Define Hieroglyphics and explain the significance of the Rosetta stone

Hieroglyphics are the writing system based on pictures that represent ideas.




the Rosetta stone is what helped us translate it.

Egypt:



Hebrews - What were their contributions in society?

They created a writing system that evolved into the roman alphabet.

Egypt:



Phoenicians - What were their contributions to society?

they had the first religion with one god.

India


The Caste System:




What are the different castes?

Brahmins




Kshatriya's




Vainshyas






Shudras




Dalits (outcaste)



India



Who were the people outside of the caste system?




How were they treated?

untouchables, they were not to be looked at or touched.

India


What are the restrictions of the caste system?

People are born into their caste for life

India Hinduism:



How did Hinduism develop?

It was created by many different people over time.

India Hinduism:



Define Major beliefs:


(Dharma, Karma, Atman, Reincarnation, Moksha)

Dharma: Ones moral duty


Karma: every action punishment or reward


Atman: One's soul


Reincarnation: Cycle of life


Moksha: Perfect understanding





India Hinduism:



What were the Vedas?

The book of knowlesge

India Hinduism:



Brahman (the Absolute) & the 3 manifestations of Brahman (what are the roles of each?)

Brahma the creator


Vishnu the punisher


Shiva the destroyer

India Hinduism:



What is Hindu's ultimate goal? How and why do they get there?

To be free from reincarnation and go to moksha

India Buddhism:



Define major terms and beliefs


(Dharma, Karma, Reincarnation, Nirvana)

Dharma: Everyone's moral duty


Karma: You will be punished or rewarded by your actions


Reincarnation: You will reincarnate but there is no caste system


Nirvana: Release from reincarnation

India Buddhism:



What is the story of Siddhartha Gautama -


how and why did he become Buddha?

He became enlighten and found a new understanding of human suffering.

India Buddhism:



What are the Four Noble Truths?

Life is full of suffering


Suffering is caused by desire


to eliminate suffering, eliminate desire


to eliminate desire one must follow the eightfold path

India Buddhism:



What is the Eightfold Path?




How is the path related to the Four Noble Truths?

A state of perfect understanding


release from selfishness and pain


End of reincarnating


Its how you end desire



India Buddhism:



What is the primary difference between Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism?

Theravada: Buddhas a teacher




Savior: Buddhas a savior

India Buddhism:



What are the major similarities / differences between Hinduism and Buddhism?

Hindu has Moska and Castes




Buddha has no caste and Nirvana




Buddha has no gods and 8fold Path

Ancient India: Maurya & Gupta Empires:




Chandragupta Maurya - Who was he and what were his primary contributions to India?

He politically united north India

Ancient India: Maurya & Gupta Empires:



Why did Asoka convert to Buddhism? What impact did he have on Buddhism?

He wanted peace, he spread it all over India

Ancient China:




Chinese Ethical Systems




Daoism, Confucianism and Legalism - what are the Basic features of each?

Daoism: Nature based




Legalism: be an orderly society or die




Confucianism: good conduct and moral judgment

Ancient China: Zhou Dynasty



Explain the Mandate of Heaven?

Royal authority requires devine approval

Ancient China: Zhou Dynasty



Explain the Dynastic cycle?

It shows the cycle of leaders and how they lost and gained their powers

Ancient China: Qin Dynasty



What were the accomplishments of Shi Huangdi?

Defeated foreign invaders




Doubled china size




Made the Government Strong

Ancient China: Qin Dynasty



Why was the Great wall of china built?

Protecting China from invaders.

Ancient China: Han Dynasty

What is China's civil services?




How does Confucianism relate to civil service?

Educated people were given good jobs, its what they wanted.

Ancient China: Han Dynasty



Define Mandarin?

Well educated people who controlled the government.

Ancient China: Han Dynasty



Silk Road - what was it's significance?

It was their trade route.