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207 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why are the pilgrims going to Canterbury?
To worship the relics of Saint Thomas Becket
What does the Squire wear?
Cloth emroidered with flowers
Who marries Emelye in the Knight's Tale?
Palamon
According to the Wife of Bath, what do wormen most desire?
Sovereignty with their husbands
What does Chanticleer dream?
That he will be taken away by an orage, houndlike creature.
Who are the three men searching for in the Pardoner's Tale?
Death
Who is branded by a red-hot poker in the Miller's Tale?
Nicholas
Which of the following tales is a fabliau?
The Miller's Tale
Which pilgrim has a forked beard?
The Merchant
What is the moral of the Nun's Priest's Tale?
Never trust a flatterer
What is the Wife of Bath's Prologue about?
Her life with her five different husbands.
When does The Canterbury Tales take place?
In the late 14th century.
For which social classes did Chaucer write?
All levels of society
What was Chaucer's profession?
Civil Servant
How many Canterbury Tales are there?
24
What is a romance?
A story of knights, ladies, quests, and love.
Which tale qualifies as part of a medieval sermon?
The Pardoner's Tale
Which pilgrims are most richly attired?
Wife of Bath, Quire, Monk, Physician, Franklin
Which tales take place in the Orient?
The Man of Law's Tale and the Squire's Tale
Which pilgrim carries a brooch inscribed with Latin words meaning "Love Conquers All"?
The Prioress
At what time of the year does the pilgrimage take place?
In the height of spring
Which characters are connected to the Church?
The Prioress, the Monk, the Friar, the Summoner, and the Pardoner
Which tale is about a talking falcon?
The Squire's Tale
Which tales are about the patient suffering of women?
The Man of Law's Tale, the Clerk's Tale and the Physician's Tale
Why does the Pardoner upset the Host?
The Pardoner tries to sell indulgences to the pilgrims, after he has already told them that he cheats people.
Narrator
Explains he is part of the group on this religious pilgrimmage.
The Knight
a nobleman; seasoned in battle; brave but not boastful; courtous and sincere
The Squire
the Knight's son; handsome and skilled in courly graces; reliant on his case studies; representative of changing attitudes of the times
The Yeoman
servant to the Knight and Squire; knowledgeable about woodcraft; neatly and properly attired; often willing to talk about himself, enjoys life but is unprincipled
The Prioress
coy; affected in manners and unusually neat; very sentimental, more so toward small animals than needy humans
The Nun and the Three Priests
companions of the Prioress; these are minor characters
The Monk
more a lover of hunting and fine possessions than of scholarship and a cloistered life; does not take his vows seriously
The Friar
a man whose job is to preach and care for the poor but who prefers to profit from the donations he solicits; a lover of music, taverns and pretty women
The Merchant
publicly appears wealthy but privately is in debt; has a consuming interest in financial matters
The Parson
sincere, compassionate preacher (a contrast to most representatives of the Church on this pilgrimage); a living example of the sermons he presents; selfsacrificing in his dealings with the needy
The Plowman
brother of the Parson; like the Parson, he is honest, charitable, and pious; a diligent worker
The Miller
described in very physical terms; loud and unrefined; has earthy tastes; dishonest in his business dealings
The Manciple
clever purchaser of supplies for a college or law school
The Oxford Cleric (Clerk)
an Oxford scholar who wants to take holy orders; a philosopher, particularly on the matter of moral virtue; impoverished; a lover of books and learning; quiet
The Serjeant at the Law (Sergeant of Law)
an attorney and servant to the king; expert on legal writings, able to look wiser and busier than he actually is
The Franklin
a well provisioned county landowner and sheriff, a free spending and hospitable man; enjoys extravagent living, especially indulgent eating
The Guildsmen - The Haberdasher, The Dyer, The Carpenter, The Weaver and The Carpetmaker
of the rising middle class; have a strong desire for further advancement
The Cook
in service to the guildsmen; enjoys preparing savory meals; suffers from an ulcer on the knee
The Skipper
owner of The Maudelayne, knowledgeable about seas, harbors, navigation, and naval battle strategy; not much of a conscience
The Doctor
knowledgeable about drugs, magic charms, astrology, and both classical and more contemporary studies in medicine (but know little about the Bible); miserly with his profits
The Wife of Bath
well dressed; much traveled; handsome; enjoys a welltod joke, male companionsip, and all lorre relating to love; married 5 times, she has survived all of her husbands
The Reeve
superintendent of tan estate; ill-tempered and untrustworthy, but never caught in open dishonesty
The Summoner
sent by the Church to summon persons suspected of breaking Church law; grotesque in appearance and manners; enjoys manipulating others and receiving bribes
The Pardoner
a man whose job is to listen to confessions, yet he takes payment for his pardons; skillful in preaching, yet hypocritical; a member of the clergy whose religious relics are suspect
The Host
operator of Tabard Inn; hospitable, wise, tactful, and merry; liked by the other pilgrims; proposer of the taletelling contest that provides the framework for The Canterbury Tales
In the Chauncers Prologue:

What time of year does the work take place? The approximate year?
Springtime; the late 14th century after 1381.
In the Chauncers Prologue:

How many pilgrims are on the pilgrimage?
The narrator joined 29 other pilgrims to make the pilgrimage a total of 30 people.
In the Chauncers Prologue:

Where are they going and for what purpose?
They are traveling to the shrine of the maryr Saint Thomas Becket in Canterbury.
In the Chauncers Prologue:

What is the name of the inn where they are gathered?
The Tabard Inn, a tavern in Southwark, near London
What religion does the pilgrimage represent?
The Catholic Church
Which church person on the pilgrimage is truly full of virtue while the others are caught up in hypocrisy and worldliness?
The Parson
The Knight:

In how many battles had the Knight fought?
15
The Knight:

Where had he fought these battles?
Alexandria, Prussia, Lithuania, Russia, Granada, Algecieras, North Africa, Benamarin, Anatolia, Ayas, Attalia, Tramissene (3 times)
The Knight:

Describe the Knight's attributes?
distinguished man, noble, truthful, honorable, generous, courteous. The narrarator describes him as brave, experienced and prudent and he greatly admires him.
The Knight:

Why do you think Chaucer describes the Knight first?
He is the highest in the social scale.
The Squire:

Whose son is the Squire?
The Knight's son and apprentice
The Squire:

How old is he?
Around 20 years old
The Squire:

What exactly is a squire?
Where would he rank in medieval society?
Knight's son, low ranking soldier
The Squire:

Describe his looks.
Curly hair, moderate stature, soldier
The Squire:

Describe his dress.
wore embroidered clothes, wore flowers, wore short gown
The Squire:

What are his personality traits?
flashy, vain, well accomplished, courteous, lowly
The Yeoman:

The Yeoman accompanied whom?
The Knight
The Yeoman:

What is a Yeoman?
Servant to the Knight
The Yeoman:

What is significant about his apparel?
green coat and hood, brace on arm to protect from the bow, wore a medal of St. Christopher that was silver
The Yeoman?

What weapons does he carry?
Peacock feathered arrows, sword, shield, daggar
The Yeoman:

What is significant about the medal he wears?
It was a medal of St. Christopher that was silver.
The Prioress:

What is a prioress in the church?
A nun who is the head of her convent.
The Prioress:

Rather than spiritual things, what things seem to concern the Prioress the most?

What does Chaucer's description of the Prioress's actions and dress tell about her?
She was concerned about goldsmiths and courtiers.

She wore a cloak with a coral trinket on her arm, a set of prayer beads and a golden brooch.
The Prioress:

How does the hurt mouse affect her?
She would cry.
The Prioress:

What animals accompany her?
Little dogs.
The Prioress:

What do her feelings for and actions towards animals actually indicate?
She is tender and loving, very compassionate and charitable.
The Prioress:

Who accompanies her?
Another nun and 3 priests.
The Prioress:

What does the description of the Prioress reveal about Chaucer's view of the church?
He says she was educated, good manners, friendly, pleasant, chubby. She spoke in French despite living in England.
The Monk:

What is the Monk's position?
He lived in a monestary and was supposed to devote all his time to work and prayer.
The Monk:

What vows of a monk does he break?
His devotion is to hunting and eating. Constantly leaves the monestary.
The Monk:

What sport does he like?
Hunting
The Monk?

What is significant about the manner in which the Monk is dressed?

About his size?
He wears the finest fur in the land.

He is large.
The Monk:

What comment is Chaucer making about the church through his description of the Monk?
He doesn't believe in what the church stands for anymore. He is supposed to follow the beliefs of "poverty, chasity and obedience".
The Monk:

What literary device does Chaucer use in portrying his Monk and Prioress?
I don't know.
The Friar:

What exactly is a friar?
Roaming priests with no ties to the monestary.
The Friar:

What becomes of the women he gets in trouble?
He fixed them up in marriage for whatever the guy could afford to pay.
The Friar:

What does Chaucer mean when he says "For pretty women he had more than shrift"?
He wanted more than just a confession. He also gave the pretty girls pocket knives.
The Friar:

For the right price what does he give a sinner?
A wife.
The Friar:

What personality traits are indicated by his white neck?
That he was a man of the cloth, but that it was strong enough to butt heads with.
The Friar:

With what sort of people does he most associate?
Always ready to befriend young pretty women or rich men who might need his services.
The Friar:

Who does he avoid?
slums, lepers, beggars
The Friar:

What is the friar's name?
Hubert
The Friar:

What comment is Chaucer making about the church in this description of the Friar?
He thinks the church is only out to help the rich and it steals from the poor. The church doesn't help the people who need it the most.
The Friar:

What literary device is Chaucer using?
I don't know.
The Merchant:

Describe the Merchant's dress?

What does his apperel indicate?
beaver hat, multi colored dress, buckled boots

He tried to look prosperous and rich even though he was in debt.
The Merchant:

What does he believe should "be kept free at any cost"?

Why?
The sea.

He didn't think he should pay taxes to sail the seas.
The Merchant:

What is he an expert in?
He is an expert at exchanges of furs and other cloths.
The Oxford Cleric:

Where does he attend school?
Oxford
The Oxford Cleric:

What does his choice of horse indicate?
His horse was thin. He would rather spend his money on books.
The Oxford Cleric:

He is well advanced in what subject?
Philosophy
The Oxford Cleric:

How does he spend his money?
He spent his money on learning and books.
The Oxford Cleric:

What would he gladly do?
He would gladly learn and teach.
The Oxford Cleric:

What filled his speech?
He spoke very little, but when he did it was filled with moral virtue.
The Oxford Cleric:

From this description of the Cleric, how do you think the Chaucer feels abou this character?
Next to the Knight, he feels that he is the most admired person.
The Serjeant at the Law:

What is his profession?
A successful lawyer and judge commissioned by the king.
The Serjeant at the Law:

In what was he well-schooled?
He upholds justice in matters large and small and knows evry statute of England's law by heart. Knows history well.
The Sejeant at the Law:

What has his profession brought him?
He had many a robe and many a fee.
The Sejeant at the Law:

Write a line that indicates that Chaucer may not particularly like the lawyer.
All was fee simple to his strong digestion, not one conveyance could be called in question. (This meant that he could charge what he wanted and since he was the lawyer and judge no one could question him).
The Franklin:

What is a franklin?
A free man.
The Franklin:

What sensual pleasure does he enjoy the most?
Large land owner, always has food and wine at his table.
The Franklin:

What is significant about the mention of St. Julian?
St Julian is the patron saint of hospitality.
The Franklin:

Who was Epicurus?

What is significant about Chaucer's mentioning him in connection with the Franklin?
Epicurus was a Greek philosopher who believed that happiness is the most important goal in life.

He felt that to be truly happy, one had to be a free man.
The Franklin:

Name some positions the Franklin held in government.
judge at periodically held court, sherriff that checked audit, and a representative in the parliment
The Guildsmen (Haberdasher, Dyer, Carpenter, Weaver and Carpetmaker):

Who or what are guildsmen or guilds?
They are like a union of workers that stay together to make more money. In this case, they are a haberdasher, dyer, carpenter, weaver and carpetmaker.
The Guildsmen:

Of what were the mountin of their knives made?

What does their possession of this precious metal indicate?
Silver knives.

They were worthy citizens, had wisdom and enough money, wives should be called madams.
The Guildsmen:

Of what new class would they be?
They would be the Upper Middle Class
The Cook:

Whom does he accompany?
He works for the Guildsmen
The Cook:

For what does he have good taste?
Rich eating of chicken stew and pie. Knows his ale by taste.
The Cook:

What does he have on his leg?

What does this affliction imply?
A crusty sore ulcer on his knee caused by gout.

He acted and treated himself like he was rich, but didn't take care of himself.
The Skipper:

What type of horse does he ride?

Why?
A farmer's horse.

He came from far west and wasn't use to riding a horse.
The Skipper:

What is significant abou the town from which he comes?
He came from Dartmouth, a shipping town.
The Skipper?

What color is his face?

Why is it this color?
It is brown.

He is tan from the sun.
The Parson:

What does the Parson do for his poor parishioners?
Gave to the poor, watched over his congregation, preached and lived the gospel word.
The Parson:

What is symbolic about the stave he carries?
He is like a sheep herder to his flock of parishoners. He keeps them safe.
The Parson:

What is symbolic of the "wolf" that he keeps away from his "fold"?
The wolf was sins that his flock could get involved with like stealing, making unhonest money, etc. He tried to protect them and keep them honest.
The Parson:

What is significant about his proverb concerning gold and iron?
He said that if gold will rust what will iron do. This meant that if not kept clean, both with tarnish.
The Parson:

How do you think the Chauncer feels about the Parson?
He felt he was a noble man who cared about others. He is everything that the Monk, the Firar, and the Pardoner are not.
The Plowman:

To whom is the Plowman related?
He is the Parson's brother.
The Plowman:

What rule does he follow?
He always pays his tithe to the Church and leads a good Christian life.
The Plowman:

How does he sometimes help his neighbor?
He would help to harvest corn, dig ditches and whatever else needed....he always did it for free.
The Plowman:

What does he always pay "fair"?
He paid his tithes and his taxes on what he owned and earned.
The Plowman:

What kind of horse does he ride?

What does this horse indicate?
Road a mare.

He was a simple man, a small tenant farmer. A member of the peasant class.
The Plowman:

How do you think Chaucer feel about the Plowman?

Why?
He feels he is good-hearted, honest, hard worker, lived in peace with everyone, charitable and he was the ideal christian man.

Because of the way he carried himself, treated others and respected his church.
The Miller:

How does the Miller show his strength?
He won a ram at a wrestling show.
The Miller:

Describe his appearance.
224 pounds, broad, knotty, short shouldered, strong, red beard, wart with hair on his nose and wore a blue and white coat.
The Miller:

What does his large mouth indicate?
He is loudmouth and rude.
The Miller:

What type of stories does he tell?
He tell stories ridiculing religious clerks, scholarly clerks, carpenters and women.
The Miller:

What does he do with the grain that others bring to him?
He measured it with his "thumb of gold" and cheated them.
The Miller:

How does he cheat his customers with his "thumb of gold"?
He told them it wasn't worth much and then took 3 times the amount of grain and paid for the price of 1 bag.
The Miller:

What musincal instrument does he play?

What is its significance in indicating the Millers character?
Bagpipes.

He led the men out of town by following the bagpipes.
The Miller:

Where is his position in the cavalcade?
He is down on the lower end.
The Skipper:

What does he steal at times?
He was a pirate and stole goods and property. He once stole from a trader that was sleeping.
The Skipper:

What does he do with prisoners?
He makes them walk the plank.
The Skipper:

What does he ignore completely?
He ignored his conscience.
The Skipper:

From his description, what do you think the Chaucer thinks of him?
He is a pirate , says he is an excellent fellow.
The Skipper:

What is the name of his ship?
The Maudelayne
The Doctor:

In what is he well grounded?
Astronomy
The Doctor:

Why does he make effigies?
Magic potions to cure his patients.
The Doctor:

What are "humors"?
He knew what made his patients feel better.
The Doctor:

Who are his partners?
He was in partnership with the people who sold the medicines.
The Doctor:

To what does he give little thought?
The Bible
The Doctor:

When and from what does he make the most money?
Sly underhanded dealings and he won gold in pestilences.
The Doctor:

From his description, how do you think Chaucer feels about hime and about doctors in general?

What other character might he be similar to?
He thinks they are liars and cheaters.

He puts them in the category of the monks and friars.
The Wife of Bath:

What is her physical affliction?
She is deaf.
The Wife of Bath:

What is her occupation?

What class doe you think she is in?
She is a weaver of fine cloths.

She would be upper middle class.
The Wife of Baths:

How many husbands had she?
5
The Wife of Baths:

What other pilgrimages had she been on?
Jerusalem, Rome, Boulogne, St. James of Compostella and Cologne.
The Wife of Baths:

What do her red face and gap teeth indicate about her character?
She was a jolly lady with a bold face.
The Wife of Baths:

What does she know all the remedies for?

Why?
For love and romance.

She is legally promiscuous.
The Pardoner:

What is a pardoner's job in the Church?
sings offeratories, also sells fake relics to the church and commonfold.
The Pardoner:

With whom does he ride?
He rides with the Summoner.
The Pardoner:

What do his long, thin hair and beardless chin indicate?
He has stringy hair and is unclean. He can't grow a beard.
The Pardoner:

What does he have that are hot from Rome?
Fake holy relics for people to worship.
The Pardoner:

How does a sinner go about getting one of the Pardoner's papal pardons?
He has to buy them.
The Pardoner:

What else does he carry with him to sell to gullible people?
pillowcase to sell as a veil, pigs bones which he sells as saints bones
The Pardoner:

What does he sing best?

Why is this talent appropriate to his character?
"Come hither love, come home"

He is a soft spoken singer who is very misleading.
The Pardoner:

From Chaucer's description of Pardoner's physical appearance and from his personality traits, what can you conclude about Chaucer's attitude toward this character?
He thinks he is a dirty, lying scoundrel.
The Pardoner:

What literary devise is he using?
I don't know.
The Narrator:

Who is the narrator of the work?
The primary narrator is an anonymous, naive member of the pilgrimage, who is not described.
The Narrator:

What does he apologize for befoe he relates the stories and conversations of the pilgrims?
He apologizes for speaking rudely or unfit. He is just repeating their stories as they were told.
The Host of the Tabard:

What does the host propose for entertainment on the pilgrimage to Canterbury?
That everyone stories.
The Host of the Tabard:

How many tales will each pilgrim tell?

Consequently, how many tales did Chaucer plan to write?

how many did he actually write?
He desides that each pilgrim will tell 2 stories going and 2 stories returning (4 total).

He planned to write 116 stories.

He only wrote 23 stories and a long sermon.
The Host of the Tabard:

Who will judge the stories?
The Host, Harry Baily
The Host of the Tabard:

What will be the prize for the best story?

How will this prize benefit the host?
They will receive food and drink.
The Manciple:

What is a manciple?

For whom does he work?

How many?
A manciple was in charge of getting provisions for a college or court.

He works for 30 lawyers.
The Manciple:

How shrewd is he?
He watched stocks, was illiterate but learned from masters with legal knowledge. He was smarter than the lawyers he feeds.
The Reeve:

What is a reeve?
A reeve was similar to a steard of a manor.
The Reeve:

Describe Chaucer's reeve.

What does his bird legs indicate?
bad tempered, close shaven beard, hair stopped at his ears, skinny legs,
The Reeve:

Who fears him?
The employees under him.
The Reeve:

What is his other skill or occupation?
He can tell what land would be good for growing crops. He also steals from his Lord, but since he gifts to him he is allowed to stay.
The Reeve:

In what position of the cavalcade does he ride?
In the back.
The Summoner:

What is the summoner's job in the Church?
He is supposed to send sinners to a church court.
The Summoner:

What types of skin ailments does he have?

What does this condition indicate?
He was scarred with leprosy and puss filled boils on his face.
The Summoner:

What does he enjoy eating?
He eats garlic, onions, leeks and drinks wine.
The Summoner:

What language does he speak while intoxicated?

Why this language?
He spoke Latin.

He thinks this makes him sound educated.
The Summoner:

Whom does he frighten with his looks?
Children were afraid of him.
The Summoner:

Who has reason to fear him since he knows their guilty secrets?
He knows the guilty sins of young people
The Summoner:

How can sinners ensure that the summoner will keep their secrets?
He allows some to go free with proper bribes of wine.
The Summoner:

What does he wear on his head?

What does he jokingly use as a shield?
He wears a garland on his head.

He jokingly uses cake as his shield.
The Summoner:

From his description, how doe you think Chaucer feels about the Summoner?

What criticism of the Church is he making though the disgusting and repellent Summoner?
He is saying that even the church can be guilty of sins and that even men of the cloth can be evil.
Knight
army soldier, admired, not concerned with fine clothes
Knight
distringuished, chivalrouse, possesses truth, honor, generosity, and courtesy, did nobly in war everywhere, Christian, fought for faith, wise, modest never said a boorish thing, had fine horses, dressed modestly
Knight
could have worn a robe but chose to wear armor stained fustian tunic
Squire
knights son, soldier low rank, ladies man, flashy, vain, a lusty person who did not sleep often
Squire
lover, soldier, curly hair, 20, moderate stature, agility and strength, some service, fought valiantly to win lady's grace, wore embroidered clothes, wore flowers, sang, played flute, wore short gown, well accomplished, loved hotly, courteious, lowly, servicable
Yeoman
servant to the knight, hunter, wore green hood and coat and carried feathered arrows, had a brown face.
Yeoman
appears like Robin Hood, carrying a quiver, arrows, and bracer aong with a small daggerand a medal of St. Christopher, patron saint of woodsmen
Prioress (Nun)
educated, doesn't speak french well, graceful, broad forehead, known as Madam Eglantyne
Prioress (Nun)
simple and coy smile, nasal sounding, good manners, pleasant and friendly, graceful, cried if she saw a mouse, charitable, had little dogs, wore a coral trinket with a gold brooch.
Monk
hunting was his sport, many horses, uncloistered, had greyhounds, sleeves with gray fun, gold fashion pin on hood, bald head, shiny skin, fat, personable, brown horse
Monk
would rather be hunting outdoors than staying in the monistary praying. Wears the finest furs in the land.
Merchant
beaver hat, tried to look rich, but he was really in debt
Merchant
beard, told of his wealth and travels, excellent fellow, stately in administration, loans, bargains and negotiations.
Friar
hippocritical, fund-raiser for charity, give like penance
Friar
jolly and merry, well turned speech, fixed up marriages, beloved, said he had a license from the Pope to hear confessions, asked for money and gifts after hearing peoples sins, sang with a good voice, white neck
Oxford Cleric
most admired person next to the Knight
Oxford Cleric
student, no preference in religion, preferred books over clothes and music, would rather learn and teach, spoke of moral virtue.