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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
STRUCTURE: Frontal lobe

FUNCTIONS

1. Ability to think & plan
2. Insight
3. Stability of personality
4. Inhibition of primitive emotional responses
5. Motor aspects of written speech
6. Motor aspects of spoken speech
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Difficulty w/abstract thinking, attention, concentration; lack of motivation
2. Inability for self evaluation
3. Instability of personality
4. Labile effect, irritability; impulsiveness; inappropriate behavior
5. Unintelligible & illogical writing
6. Words are garbled & difficult to understand
STRUCTURE: Parietal lobe

FUNCTIONS

1. Receiving & identifying sensory info
2. Memory association
3. Proprioception
4. Sensory speech
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Inability to recognize sensations such as pain, touch, temperature; inability to sense pain from an uncomfortable body position
2. Inability to learn from past
3. Inability to recognize the body in relation to the environment. Difficulty dressing, eating, etc. in an organized manner
4. Inability to recognize spoken or written words
STRUCTURE: Temporal lobe

FUNCTIONS

1. Hearing
2. Complex memory
3. Emotion
4. Gender identity
5. Production of speech
6. Analysis of speech
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Auditory hallucinations
2. Memory impairment; difficulty learning
3. Difficulty recognizing own emotions & controlling sexual & aggressive drives
4. Confusion about masculinity & femininity
5. Types of aphasia
6. Difficulty attaching meaning to spoken words
STRUCTURE: Occipital lobe

FUNCTIONS

1. Vision
2. Visual speech
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Visual hallucinations
2. Inability to understand the meaning of written words
STRUCTURE: Limbic system

FUNCTIONS

1. Regulation of emotional responses
2. Interpretation of smell
3. Memory collation
4. Impressions of agreeableness or disagreeableness of sensations
5. Regulation of autonomic nervous system
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Excessive emotional responses; inability to recognize own emotions; decreased ability of cognition to affect emotions
2. Olfactory hallucinations; inability to interpret smell
3. Difficulty with declarative memory. Working & long-term memory problems; difficulty learning
4. Hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity to pain
5. Increased thirst; insatiable hunger
STRUCTURE: Recticular activating system (RAS)

FUNCTIONS

1. Receiving of impulses from entire body & relaying to cortex
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Sedation & loss of consciousness; difficulty controlling aggression; may contribute to passivity
STRUCTURE: Cerebellum

FUNCTIONS

1. Coordination of skeletal muscles during movement
2. Maintenance of equilibrium
3. Maintenance of posture
4. Procedural memory
5. Reward center
EFFECTS OF DYSFUNCTION

1. Difficulty learning motor skills; problems regulating the force & range of movements
2. Problems with balance
3. Difficulty walking upright
4. Difficulty performing tasks
5. Decreased ability to experience pleasure. Reward deficiency syndrome