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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

VĚTNÝ ČLEN

- sentence element

SYNTACTIC NOUN

-some of WH elements, pronoun, noun, numeral

LEXICAL FUNCTION

-is a tool developed for description and systematization of semantic relationships, specially collocation and derivation between particular lexical units


Present->přítomnost, dárek...

RHEME

- also "focus" or "comment"


- in canonical SV(SVOMPT) structure in English sentence positions of rheme is behind the theme;


Tom likes this movie.

SYNTAGMA

- smallest miningfull connection; basic unit of syntax;


=skladební dvojíce

ZJIŠŤOVÁCÍ OTÁZKY

-Yes/No questions


-rising intonation


-speaker require from the listener confirmation or denial of the contents validity


- expected answer is "yes" or "no"

THEME

- also "topic" or "background"


- in canonical SV structure of typical English sentence theme has the position of subject


Tom likes this movie.

DOPLŇOVÁCÍ OTÁZKY

"WH question"


-folling intonation


-speaker require some additional information from the listener


-asking for something, what is missing


WH words are syntactic nouns in this sentense

EXOCENTRIC CONSTRUCTION

-two or more parts of phrase that are different parts of speech and, when combined, form another part of speech, different from all of the parts


At school

SYNTAX

-correct way to put words together, to make sentence; principals and proceses by wich sentences are constructed

INVERSION

- changing of the word order (SVOMPT)


-the most typical one is Subject-Auxiliary inversion


- this type of inversion is typical for:formation of questions; formation of conditional clauses and negative inversion


-is used in supplements

ENDOCENTRIC CONSTRUCTION

-is a construction that contains a head (which is obligatory element in the construction) and one or more optional elements subordinate to the head


Three little pigs.

CREATING QUESTIONS

1) mění se slovosled - the word order is changed (inversion)



OPERATOR

-is some verbto which is possible to add modifier NOT in negation, also can stand before the subject in question


To be, can, will...

SUBJECT QUESTION

- in the function of subject is interrogative pronoun,no inversion, no auxilliary


He saw me. Who saw you?

OBJECT QUESTION

-inversion


I see him.


Who do you see.

PARTIAL INVERSION

- partial inversion is where a verb and auxiliary verb are inverted


I have never seen such awful behaviour.


Never have I seen such awful behaviour.

FULL INVERSION

-In full inversion the subject follows the main verb


Here comes the rain again.


(Here is the rain coming again)

GRAMMATICAL MOOD

-a grammatical structure of verbs, used to signal modality


Imperative


Indicative


Subjunctive


Conditional

INMPERATIVE

-used to form command or requests


-irrealis mood


1st - Pls be quite


In polite speech:


Could you


It would be great...

INDICATIVE

-realis mood


-is used in ordinary statements: stating a fact, expressing opinion, asking a question...

SUBJUNCTIVE

-irrealis


-is the verb form used to express a wish, a suggestion, a command, or a condition that is contrary to fact


I suggests that he study.

CONDITIONAL

-irrealis


-speak of an event whose realisation is dependent upon another condition


If I need money I go to bank.


If it rains, we will go home.


If I were you, I would be happy.


Ih i had knew it, i would have bought that book.

SENTENCES

-simple= sentence with only one main cluase


I´m running


-compound = a sentence that containts at least two independent clauses


I don´t like him and he don´t like me.


complex sentese = a sentence that contains anindependent clause and at least one dependent clause


She did my homework, while her father cooked dinner.