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32 Cards in this Set

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_____: the idea that your past experiences lead you to see the world in a way that is diffcult to change; your initial perceptions persisit.
perceptual constancy
_____: the focal point of your attention
figure
______: the background against which your focus attention occurs
ground
______: the tendency to fill in missing information in order to complete an otherwise incomplete figure or statement
closure
______: the principle that objects physically close to each other will be perceieved as a unit or a group
proximity
______: the principle that elements are grounded together because they share attributes such as size, color, or shape.
similarity
______: perception that involves a blend of internal states and external stimuli
interpretive perception
______: the picture you have of yourself; the sort of person you believe you are
self-image
______: Feedback in which others treat you in a manner consistent with who you believe you are
confirmation
_____: feedback in which others treat you in a manner that is inconsistent with your self-definition
rejection
______: feedback in which others fail to respond to your notion of self by responding neutrally
disconfirmation
______: the feeling you have about your self-concept; that is, how well you like and value yourself
self-eestem
_____: the study of the way humans use languages to evoke meaning in others
semantics
_____: the way in which words are arranged to form phrases and sentences
syntax
_____: the process of translating your thoughts into words
encode
______: the study of language as it is used in social cotext, including its effect on the communicators
pragmatics
______: communication that is used to establish a mood of sociability rather than to communicate information or ideas.
phatic communication
______: (Hall's categories of distance.) from outward to 18 inches, people who are relationally close to you.
Intimate Distance
______: (Hall's categories of distance.) ranges from 18 inches to 4 feet, used by most americans for conversation
Personal Distance
______: (Hall's categories of distance.) ranges from 4 to 12 eet, often used to carry out business in the workplace
Social distance
______: (Hall's categories of distance.) exceeds 12 feet and most often used in public speaking
Public Distance
_____ are touched more than _____
women men
_____ value touch more than _____ do
Women/ Male
______: occurs when a person feels attacked
defensiveness
_______: patterns of relationships through which information flows in an organization
communication networks
_____: messages that follow prescribed channels of communication through the organization
formal communication
______: messages flowing from superiors to subordinates
downward communication
______: messages flowing from subordinates to superiors
upward communication
______: messages between members of an organization with equal power
horizontal communication
______: an interaction that does not generally follow the formal structure of the organization but emerges out of natural social interaction among organization members
informal communication
______: a document that organizes your credentials over time
chronological resume
______: A document that organizes your credentials by type of function performed
functional resume