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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
True/False:
25% of ADD children have been misdiagnosed
False:
50%
List the 5 major signs that are typical indicators of environmental illness:
(Big 5)
1. PULSE increases
2. BREATHE decreases
3. WRITING changes rapidly
4. BEHAVIOR changes rapidly
5. APPEARANCE can change
What are signs that appearance changes for environmental illness?
red earlobes or cheeks
dark eye circles
puffy bags under eyes
eye wrinkles
glassy eyes
nose rubbing
List the 5 major offending elements in schools:
1. mold
2. dust
3. food
4. pollen
5. chemicals
True/False:
Some delayed food symptoms can occur in 8-24 hrs after exposure.
True
provocation neutralization allergy testing
Allergy testing used to determine what the student is allergic to in order to find the response
7 signs of environmental illness
1. headache
2. breathing problems
3. muscle aches
4. nausea
5. fatigue
6. joint aches
7. hyper/hypo activity
What is a dangerous chemical found in diet sodas that create signs like MS
Aspartame
5 things we know about at risk kids
1. poor attention skills
2. poor organizational skills
3. poor generalization skills
4. poor success rates
5. poor social skills
what are 4 characteristics of good instruction for at risk kids?
1. structure
2. repetition
3. success
4. consistency
3 levels of good instruction
1. direct instruction
2. guided practice
3. mastery learning
Concepts every good teacher must know
What to teach
How to teach
How to manage behavior
Good teaching is characterized by
structure
repetition
consistency
success
Define discriminative stimulus
a stimulus in the presence of which a behavior is likely to be reinforced... All others are not likely to be reinforced.

The teacher is the d.s.
Which is more important to teach: academics or behavior?
behavior
Classroom structure
a term used to describe the manner in which teachers organize their instructional procedures and classroom in order to occasion and maintain the display of appropriate behavior from their students.
Rule should be:
stated in a positive manner
taught to the children
kept to a minimum of 5-7
Ecological Education Elements
1. home
2. school
3. community
4. student
pygmayam
the tendency for people to live up or down to other's expectations of them.
Instead of orders, provide _______
choices
Never give an order you cannot _______
enforce
Why do people do what they do (4)
Conceptual Model
1. Psychodynamic
2. Biochemical, biological, & organic
3. sociological
4. behavioral
Positive Reinforcement
The delivery of a positive reinforcer contingent upon a response.
Double Barrel Approach
Instituting a procedure in which the desired
behavior is reinforced while, at the same time, the opposite, incompatible behavior is dealt with through the process of extinction.
Operant Behavior
Behavior that is a result of its consequences.
Respondent Behavior
Behavior that is a result of its preceding stimulus.
Extinction
A procedure in which the reinforcement for a previously reinforced behavior is discontinued.
Punishment
A procedure in which the contingent presentation of a stimulus reduces the rate of the occurrence of the dependent behavior.
Four ways to manage student errors:
a. feedback
b. model
c. prompt
d. check
Classroom rules should be:
a. stated in a positive manner
b. taught to the children
c. kept to a minimum of 5-7
d. displayed in the classroom
T/F:
Extinction is a procedure in which the reinforcement for a previously reinforced
behavior is continued.
FALSE
T/F:
Negative reinforcer is a stimulus that, when removed or reduced as a
consequence of a response, results in an increase or maintenance of that response
TRUE
T/F:
Practice makes perfect.
FALSE
T/F:
Behavior which is reinforced tends not to be repeated.
FALSE
T/F:
Fair is that all children are treated exactly the same.
FALSE
T/F:
Dysfunctional families have become culturally normal in society.
TRUE
T/F:
Important conditions describe the where, when, and under what circumstances the behavior will be displayed.
TRUE
T/F:
Criteria for success does not deal with level of accuracy.
FALSE
There are ______ steps to changing behavior.
eleven
In an objective, the labeling of what behavior will be displayed is known as
__________ ________ ________.
performance based terms
The four goals of misbehavior are _________, ____________, _____________, and ___________ ____ ____________.
attention, power, revenge, displays of
inadequacy
When a student draws a picture of himself and it is _______ __________, that means the student is shy and timid.
margin hugging
A teacher should take care of a student’s behavior when ______________________ ________ or ______________________
it interferes with their
learning or other students’ learning.
Behavior is a ______.
choice
Behavior is _________ from other ________.
learned, people
_________ is a procedure in which the contingent presentation of a stimulus reduces the rate of the occurrence of the dependent behavior.
Punishment
Good teaching is characterized by ________, _________, _________, and __________.
structure, repetition, consistency, and
success.
Positive Reinforcer
A stimulus that, when presented as a consequence of a response, results in an increase or maintenance of that response.
Negative Reinforcement
The removal of a negative reinforcer or aversive stimulus as a consequence of the response.
Negative Reinforcer
A stimulus that, when removed or reduced as a consequence of a response, results in an increase or maintenance of that response.
5 Basic Principles of Behavior Management
1. Behavior is learned.
2. Behavior is learned from other people.
3. Behavior is a result of its consequences.
4. Behavior which is reinforced tends to be repeated.
5. Behavior which is not reinforced tends not to be repeated.
3 Parts of behavior Objective
a. important conditions
b. performance based terms
c. criteria for success
3 Parts of Psychodynamics according to Dr. J
a. conscience
b. ego
c. drive system
Punishing stimulus
A contingent stimulus that, when presented, results in a reduction in the occurrence of the dependent behavior.
Punishing stimulus
A contingent stimulus that, when presented, results in a reduction in the occurrence of the dependent behavior.
Important Conditions
where, when, and under what circumstances behavior will be displayed.
Performance Based Terms
labeling of what behavior will be displayed
Criteria for Success
expressed in time, accuracy, and level of difficulty
Briar Patching
Unintentionally reinforcing the very behavior you are trying to eliminate