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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
forebears
one's ancestors
waxed end
the end of the rope used to flog prisoners
saddler
one who makes and sells saddles and other equipment for horses
carded
fibres that have been cleansed and collected before spinning
bark
the tannin from wet bark used to cure, or treat, leather
to intervene
to come between
grace
the love and awareness of God
to harro
to break up and smooth soil
notch
the mark on a tree before cutting, which directs its fall
parlance
way of speaking
Upper Canada
"up" the St. Lawrence River; part of present-day Ontario
Lower Canada
"down" the St. Lawrence River; part of present day Quebec
Loyalists
Americans who did not support the American Revolution and who remained loyal to Britain
the Riviera
a top vacation spot on the Merditerranean coasts of France and Italy
the Group of Seven
a Canadian group of painters renowned for their dramatic landscapes
Métis
someone of French and Native ancestry
monopoly
exclusive ownerships because of legal privilege
landmark
any prominent feature of the landscape, natural or human-made, that identifies the locality
physical map
a map that shows the major physical features of a region, including mountain chains, lakes, rivers and so on. Physical maps use colour to show the varying height of the land
to mortgage
to use as security on a loan
money economy
an economy that uses cash
barter economy
an economy that works by trading if products and services
to romanticize
to make something look good, satisfying
lye
the liquid that is leached from wood ashes and is used to make soap
land speculators
those who buy property at a low price and sell it at a higher price without spending much of their money
republican
democratic, without a monarch as head of state
deferential
showing respect
the Eastern Township
the region south central Quebec between Montreal and Quebec City
copy
the print part of a poster or advertisement
anglophone
English-speaking
coffin ship
a death ship. Many people died while travelling in steerage
tenant farmer
a farmer who works the land owned by another
steerage
below deck, where cargo is usually stored
Gaelic
the language of the Celtic highlanders of Scotland
Celtic
the early Indo-Europeans of the British Isles
spinster
out-of-date language for an unmarried woman
to veto
to stop with authority
seigneurial system
the old system of New France whereby seigneurs, or lords, were granted parcels, of land by France
insurrection
revolution against the established government
imperialism
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means.
mercantilism
a theory prevalent in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries asserting that the wealth of a nation depends on its possession of precious metals and therefore that the government of a nation must maximize the foreign trade surplus, and foster national commercial interests, a merchant marine, the establishment of colonies, etc
colonialism
the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people.
harness-maker
one who makes harness for animals who works on a farm
currier
one who cures, or treats, leather
to underbrush
to cut down the underwood and throw it into piles
flail
an instrument made up of two pieces of wood used to break wheat kernels from stalks