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27 Cards in this Set

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Define cartographers

A person who designs, studies, and creates maps

Define topographic map

A map that shows the size, shape, slope, and elevation of a land form, along with its natural and human-made features

Define contour lines

Lines of equal elevation of a topographic map. Contour lines connect areas of land that are at the same elevation above sea level

Define primary source

A first-hand source account of an event from a person who a direct witness, or participant in that event

Define secondary source

A second-hand account of an event from a person who was not a direct witness or participant in that event

Define bias

The presentation of an issue from a single point of view

Define cultural mosaic

Canada's official approach to multiculturalism. Refers to different cultural groups living together but maintaining their heritage

Define push factors

The reasons, such as famine, disease, and war that cause people to want to leave their country

Define pull factors

The reasons for which people are drawn to live in another country, for example jobs, climate, and fundamental freedoms

Define Canadien

A French speaking person living in Canada

Define census

A study conducted by Statistics Canada every 5 years to determine the size and collect data about the Canadian population

Define cholera

A waterborn disease, caused by poor sanitation, that infects the digestive system and usually ends in death

Define coffin ships

Name given to the immigrant ships in the early 1800's. These ships were poorly equipped to handle passengers, and many people died on them

Define geographer

A person who studies the physical and human characteristics of the earth

Define emmigrate

To leave a country, or territory to settle somewhere else

Define immigrant

One who moves to another country to settle permanently

Define latitude

A distance North or South of the equator, measured in degrees

Define longitude

A distance East or West of the Prime Meridian in Greenwich, England, measured in degrees

Define physiographic region

A region defined by its physical region

Define Rupert's Land

A vast area in Western and Central that had lakes and rivers draining into Hudson's Bay. Rupert's Land was given to the Hudson's Bay Company when the company was established in 1670

Define bibliography

A list of all the resources in a schoolwork assignment, usually printed in appendix

What is the purpose of topographic maps?

To represent an area on a 2-dimension surface. Each color represents a different height.

What were the push and pull factors for immigrants who immigrated to Canada in the 1700's and 1800's

Push: Not enough work opportunities in their specialty, starvation, poverty, famine, overpopulation, pollution, and slavery




Pull: Land available, to escape old social structures, job opportunities, fertile land, healthier environment, ideal country to raise a family, and freedom

In the 1700's and 1800's, which nationalities was in mostly immigrating to Canada?

The Scottish, Irish, British, and African American slaves from the United States,

Where did these groups immigrate to?

Some of the main areas of Canada that people immigrated to was Eastern Townships, York, or what is now present Toronto, and Rupert's Land

How did the previous settlers feel about all these newcomers? Specifically in Eastern Townships, how did the Canadien react to the new English speaking Immigrants

The Canadien were not happy, and felt threatened by the English newcomers. They were scared that their language and culture would die off from the massive swarms of English speakers

What are some of the challenges the new immigrants faced?

Cholera was common on the immigrant ships, and killed off many of the immigrants before they could even reach Canada. They also had to deal with the French, who were almost like their enemy. For the African Americans, getting to Canada without being caught was quite a challenge. Lots of people were quarantined before they could reach their destination at Gross IIe. They sometimes even died there, which was not all that rare.