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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Character (simple)
people in the work of literature
Character (complex)
the physical and psychological characteristics of those people (traits)
Traits can be found by (list 4)
Author
Speech
Thoughts
Actions
Trait
A trait is consistent over an extended period of time
Feeling
A feeling is transitory, it changes based on situations
Point of View (Perspective)
vantage point from which the story is told – narrator
1st Person
One of the characters tells the story using “I”
Short Story
a single incident that reflects upon human nature, human feelings, and the human condition. Takes place over short time, few characters
Human Feeling
Typical human emotions we all experience
3rd Person
outside narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of one character in the story
Human Nature
typical reactions, behaviors, habits, tendencies, responses, instincts under certain circumstances in general; THE WAY PEOPLE ARE
Human Condition
an inescapable situation that every human shares; causes conflict; influenced by human nature; relates to physical and mental needs; THE Inevitable Experience
Omniscient
outside narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of many characters and knows all about them and their problems
Symbolism
person, place, thing, event that stands for itself AND something beyond itself
Theme
1.underlying meaning or message of a work of literature
2.sentence, statement that expresses what the author thinks about
3.must be UNIVERSAL
Empathy
when one person can put themselves in another person's shoes to understand their emotions
5 Elements of Literature
Setting
Character
Plot
Point of View
Theme
Theme is what is the author saying about:
Human beings
Human nature
Life in general
Setting
time and place, societal attitudes and cultural norms
Clues to finding theme:
Title- symbols, allusions
Main character undergoes change
Neg. or pos. resolution to conflict
Direct statements about life
Mood
feeling of a literary work- READER
Creates mood- setting, descriptive details, images, etc
Literary Techniques
Allusion
Foreshadowing
Symbolism
Mood
Tone
Irony
Juxtaposition
Societal Norms
Cultural Attitudes
people's attitudes -(effect)-> the typical accepted behavior; they can change
Tone
AUTHOR'S attitude toward subject
-revealed through choice of words and details
Allusion
a reference to a statement, person, place, event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, popular culture
Setting is used to
1.Create mood or atmosphere- what the READER feels when reading, often the character feels the same thing
2.Reveal character
3. Cause or influence action
Foreshadowing
clues to Hint at Important events that occur later in plot; builds suspense/ anxiety
Irony (situational)
-contrast between expectation and reality
-between what's expected & what does happen
Irony (dramatic)
reader knows something important that character doesn't
Irony (verbal)
-contrast between what speaker says & what's meant
-writer/speaker says one thing but means something different
Juxtaposition
placing 2 contrasting things next to each other to emphasize differences