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14 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration
the recurrence of initial consonant sounds.

(Usually limited to two words)
What a delicious day!
Allusion
a short, informal reference to a famous person or event.

(Common Allusions: literature, history, Greek myth, the Bible)
Plan ahead: it wasn't raining when Noah built the ark.
Amplification
repeating a word or expression while adding more detail.
This orchard, this lovely, shady orchard, is the main reason I bought this property.
Analogy
compares two things, which are alike in several respects, for the purpose of explaining or clarifying it.
Knowledge is like fire, which must first be kindled by some external agent, but which will afterwards propagate itself.
Antithesis
a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas joined together or juxtaposed

(often parallel in structure)
To err is human; to forgive, divine.

That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.
Hyperbole
exaggeration for emphasis or effect
I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.
Metaphor
compares two different things by speaking of one in terms of the other. Unlike a simile or analogy, a metaphor asserts that something IS another thing, not just that it's LIKE another thing.
When it comes to midterms, it's kill or be killed. Let's go in and slay this test.
Parallelism
recurrent syntactical similarity. Several parts of a sentence or several sentences are expressed similarly to show that they are equal in importance. Parallelism also adds balance and rhythm and, most importantly, clarity to the sentence.
Ferocious dragons breathing fire and wicked sorcerers casting their spells do their harm by night in the forest of Darkness.
Personification
metaphorically represents an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes--attributes of form, character, feelings, behavior, and so on. Ideas and abstractions can also be personified.
This coffee is strong enough to get up and walk away.
Rhetorical Question
a question with an obvious answer, usually just a yes or no. It is used for effect, emphasis, or provocation, or for drawing a conclusion from the facts at hand.
For if we lose the ability to perceive our faults, what is the good of living on?
Simile
a comparison between two different things that resemble each other in at least one way. Like an Analogy, it can be used in explanation, comparing an unfamiliar thing to a familiar thing.
(LIKE) a bird in a cage

Quick (AS) a fox

Snow is white; (SO) am I.
Synecdoche
a type of metaphor in which the part stands for / represents the whole or vice versa.
If I had some wheels, I'd put on my best threads and ask for Jane's hand in marriage.

Give us our daily bread.
Understatement
deliberately expresses an idea as less important than it actually is, either for ironic emphasis or for politeness and tact.
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake interrupted business somewhat in the downtown area.
Double Negative/ Litotes
Heat waves are not rare in the summer.