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26 Cards in this Set

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anatomy
study of body structure. Renaissance artist began to look closely at the way bones and muscles indicate movement and variation
apprentice
student who lives, works, and studies with a master to become an an artist by trade and career
bronze
type of metal made of tin and copper
cartoon
in fine art, refers to a full scale preparatory drawing on heavy paper
casting
pouring molten metal into a mold
chiaroscuro
"light/dark" use of light and shadow to define form, lighter parts seem to emerge from darker areas; produces three dimensional effect
classical
relating to the ancient Greeks and Romans
composition
the way forms are arranged on a surface
controposto
figure standing with weight tilted to one leg. Makes the figure seem more natural
dome
large roof or ceiling in the fronts of a hemisphere. The architectural device was developed by the Romans and further referred during the Italian Renaissance
engravings
prints taken from an engraved hard surface such as metal, mood, or sphene
fresco
a way of printing directly unto plastered walls. Pilgrims are absorbed into one wall. The picture is also called a recco. In Italian, "fresh"
master
an artist who is known as a teacher or is though of the best


(i make the second qualification)
medium
any material with which the artist works
murals
a large painting on the wall
naturalism
art style in which the real appearance of things is faithfully shown
oil paints
paints made from ground pigments that are mixed together with linseed oil. Oil painting makes possible extremely subtle differences
patron
someone who gives an artist money to live on while the artists creates
perspective
technique of showing objects in space on a flat surface. Perspective produces the impression of distance and size
pigments
natural substances used for making colors pigments come from earth, insects, flowers
portrait
painting or drawing or sculpture of a person sometimes the head and shoulders only, sometimes the entire body. Shows a revival of the individuals worth
scaffold
platform structure built to reach high places
sculpture
art form that is three dimensional and may be carved, molded, constructed, or casted
secular
art concerned with religion
shumato
painting technique: no harsh lines or edges, areas blend into each other
tempera
painting made with pigments mixed with egg yolk or water