Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/32

Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

A psychological dysfunction refers to:


a. a breakdown in cognitive functioning.


b. a breakdown in emotional functioning.


c. a breakdown in behavioral functioning.


d. any one or combination of the above

d. any one or combination of the above

A psychological disorder is described as having an acute onset if the symptoms develop __________, while it has an insidious onset if the symptoms develop __________ .


a. suddenly; gradually


b. suddenly; atypically


c. gradually; atypically


d. atypically; suddenly

a. suddenly; gradually

The concept of hysteria, which traditionally meant physical symptoms for which no organic pathology could be found, is now associated with which DSM-5 classification?


a. Anxiety disorders


b. Neurosis


c. PMS


d. Somatic symptom disorders

d. Somatic symptom disorders

Within the multidimensional integrative approach to understanding psychopathology, learned helplessness is considered a(n) ______ dimension.


a. biological


b. psychological


c. emotional


d. psychosocial

b. psychological

According to the diathesis-stress model,


a. mental disorders will always develop given a certain level of stress.


b. once a diathesis for a particular disorder is inherited, the disorder will eventually develop. c. an individual's inherited tendencies are not affected by stressful life events he or she encounters.


d. it is possible to inherit a diathesis and never develop a disorder.

d. it is possible to inherit a diathesis and never develop a disorder.

Hideki was attending his fifth baseball game at Condor Stadium, where he had previously had a panic attack. He did not know if he would have a panic attack today, but shortly after entering the stadium, he did. This type of panic attack is ____________.


a. environmentally predisposed


b. situationally bound


c. cued


d. uncued

c. cued

In what way is worry not useful?


a. It helps us plan for the future.


b. It makes sure we are prepared for a task.


c. It makes us double check that we have thought of everything before leaving on a trip.


d. It ensures that we respond appropriately to fear-inducing events.

d. It ensures that we respond appropriately to fear-inducing events.

Evidence now suggests that agoraphobic avoidance behavior is one component of


a. exaggerated obsessive-compulsive disorder. b. major phobias.


c. severe, unexpected panic attacks


. d. mild generalized anxiety disorder

c. severe, unexpected panic attacks

The common aspect of all somatic symptom disorders is a maladaptive or excessive


a. belief that a serious medical condition will cause death.


b. belief that one's appearance is ugly.


c. response to physical or associated health symptoms.


d. concern with the meaning of a physical pain

c. response to physical or associated health symptoms.

With regard to the treatment of illness anxiety disorder and somatic symptom disorder, some research supports the use of __________.


a. conditioning


b. psychoanalysis


c. cognitive-behavioral treatment and stress reduction


d. humanistic therapy

c. cognitive-behavioral treatment and stress reduction

Which of the following would be typical for a patient suffering from a conversion disorder? a. Feeling a lump in the throat that interferes with swallowing, eating, or talking.


b. Ability to see some bright objects when calm but suffering complete loss of sight during a stressful period or emergency


c. Great concern with the loss of function and belief that it is a symptom of a potentially fatal disease


d. Ability to identify everything in the visual field even though the patient reports that she is blind

a. Feeling a lump in the throat that interferes with swallowing, eating, or talking.

Mood disorders can range from mild to severe; the most severe type of depression is called


a. major depressive disorder


b. dysthymia.


c. cyclothymia.


d. profound depression

a. major depressive disorder

Although grieving is considered a normal process, it does sometimes become a psychological disorder. Which of the following cases would NOT be diagnosed as a pathological grief reaction?


a. Mr. A experienced a death in his family. In addition to symptoms of depression, he has been having auditory hallucinations in which he hears other deceased people talking to him.


b. Miss B. has experienced the death of a close friend. She is so depressed that she has no appetite, no energy, and is suicidal.


c. Mrs. C's dog recently died. Three weeks later, her friends suggest that she get another dog "to help her get over the loss." Mrs. C. refuses and says she just isn't ready to get another dog and besides, it would be impossible to replace her beloved "Toto."


d. Dr. D's wife died a few months ago. Recently, in addition to his depressive symptoms, he has been having paranoid delusions in which he believes that certain unnamed individuals are planning to remove his wife's body from the grave

c. Mrs. C's dog recently died. Three weeks later, her friends suggest that she get another dog "to help her get over the loss." Mrs. C. refuses and says she just isn't ready to get another dog and besides, it would be impossible to replace her beloved "Toto."

All of the following are side effects of lithium therapy EXCEPT ____________.


a. lowered thyroid functioning


b. weight loss


c. toxicity


d. lack of energy

b. weight loss

The death rate (including suicide) due to anorexia nervosa is


a. higher than for any other psychological disorder except depression.


b. lower than that of most psychological disorders.


c. higher than that any psychological disorder reviewed in your text.


d. the highest of all of the psychological disorders.

c. higher than that any psychological disorder reviewed in your text.

Which of the following young women appears to be at the highest risk for developing an eating disorder?


a. Linda, whose mom and dad recently divorced


b. Carla, whose family members always seem to be fighting with each other


c. Sandy, whose family emphasizes achievement, support, and communication


d. Bonnie, whose family is perfectionistic, successful, and eager to maintain harmony

d. Bonnie, whose family is perfectionistic, successful, and eager to maintain harmony

After engaging in an extended session of binge eating, Thomas goes to the bathroom and makes himself vomit. He thinks that he has removed all of the food he consumed from his stomach, but in fact he will only have removed around _____ percent of the calories he consumed.


a. one-third


b. one-quarter


c. one-half


d. two-third

c. one-half

The prevailing view that alcohol abuse usually follows a predictable downward spiral was based on Jellinek's mid 20th century survey of Alcoholics Anonymous ( AA ) members that asked them how alcohol had affected them physically and psychologically. Data from this survey are now considered inaccurate because:


a. respondents faked their answers to the questions on the survey.


b. too few AA members answered the survey questions.


c. since the survey was only sent to older members of AA, information on the progression of alcohol use was not available. d. Jellinek himself became an alcoholic and never finished the research

b. too few AA members answered the survey questions.

Cameron has a cup of coffee every morning, smokes 10 cigarettes a day, and has a beer with dinner. This is an example of


a. substance use.


b. substance abuse.


c. polysubstance abuse.


d. substance intoxication.

a. substance use.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a combination of problems that can occur in a child whose mother drank alcohol while pregnant. Symptoms of FAS include all of the following EXCEPT


a. cognitive deficits and behavior problems.


b. distorted facial features.


c. learning difficulties.


d. excessive fetal growth.

d. excessive fetal growth.

Which set of adjective pairs correctly describes the clusters into which DSM-5 personality disorders are grouped?


a. Odd/eccentric, dangerous/inconsistent, and shy/withdrawn


b. Shy/withdrawn, anxious/fearful, and dangerous/inconsistent


c. Shy/withdrawn, dramatic/emotional, and bizarre/thought disordered


d. Odd/eccentric, dramatic/emotional, and anxious/fearful

d. Odd/eccentric, dramatic/emotional, and anxious/fearful

Cross-cultural research on the five-factor model of personality suggests that


a. there is no such thing as a universal human personality structure.


b. the five dimensions are generally universal.


c. only two dimensions are universal.


d. Western type personality structure differs from the non-Western type.

b. the five dimensions are generally universal

A person with paranoid personality disorder may


a. mistrust other people.


b. get into arguments with people.


c. be quiet and withdrawn.


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Which of the following is accurate in regard to the long-term outlook for schizophrenic patients?


a. About 50% of people diagnosed with the disorder eventually recover.


b. Recovery is possible only if the person stays on medication.


c. Recovery is possible only if the patient receives psychotherapy.


d. Complete recovery from schizophrenia is rare

d. Complete recovery from schizophrenia is rare

Antoinette believes that her brother is not really her brother. He has, in fact, been replaced by a double. This is known as _______________ syndrome.


a. Capgras


b. Cotard's


c. Barlow's


d. Durand's

a. Capgras

How do the delusions in delusional disorder differ from the delusions in paranoid schizophrenia?


a. In delusional disorder, the imagined events could really be happening but there is no evidence that they are happening.


b. In paranoid schizophrenia, the imagined events have actually happened or are now happening.


c. In delusional disorder, the imagined events are so bizarre that they could never have happened and never will happen.


d. There is no difference. Delusions are defined similarly for all conditions.

a. In delusional disorder, the imagined events could really be happening but there is no evidence that they are happening.

The major reason that developmental disorders are considered to be so serious in terms of their capacity to disrupt later functioning is


a. the fact that medications used in children can have long-term effects.


b. the impact that they have on family functioning.


c. that the purely biological nature of developmental disorders leads to subsequent developmental failures.


d. that failure to develop at one level is thought to inhibit later stages of development.

d. that failure to develop at one level is thought to inhibit later stages of development.

Recent research has shown that ADHD


a. is considered to be highly influenced by genetics with a relatively small role played by environmental influences.


b. is caused by multiple genes


c. appears be related to the neurotransmitter dopamine.


d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Samantha is a sixth-grade girl who has great difficulty in school. She pays attention and works hard but appears to have trouble remembering facts and concepts that she has read about. Before we can determine whether Samantha has a learning disability, it is most important to know her ____________.


a. family history


b. social skills


c. math skills


d. IQ

d. IQ

In the late 19th century, the enactment of civil commitment laws resulted in


a. only a few cases of involuntary commitment to mental hospitals.


b. people being committed who were not mentally ill.


c. wives committing their husbands to mental hospitals.


d. a decrease in the number of large public mental hospitals.

b. people being committed who were not mentally ill.

What is a critical determinant of the civil commitment process?


a. Substance abuse


b. Dangerousness


c. Alcoholism


d. Subjective distress

b. Dangerousness

The risk of violence among mentally ill patients increases if specific symptoms such as _______________ are present.


a. hallucinations


b. delusions


c. both of these


d. neither of these

c. both of these