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20 Cards in this Set

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ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder, makes it incredibly hard to stay organized, focused, make plans, or think before acting

Medical Model

The view that abnormal behavior is the result of physical problems and should be treated medically

Phobia

an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

Hypochondriasis

the preoccupation with the idea that one has a serious disease or the fear of having a serious disease. The misinterpretation of one or more bodily signs of symptoms.

Dissociative Disorders

disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

Bipolar disorder

Characterized by severe mood shifts or a mix of depression, anxiety, and high-energy delusional phases known as manic episodes

Delusions

a belief that is clearly false and that indicates an abnormality in the affected person's content of thought. False belief is not accounted for by the person's cultural or religious background or his or her level of intelligence.

Antisocial personality disorder

Chronic mental condition in which a person's ways of thinking, perceiving situations and relating to others are dysfunctional- and destructive.

Eclectic approach

An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

Resistance

In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety- laden material

Transference

In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent)

Active listening

empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy

Systematic desensitization

A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias

Exposure therapies

behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization and virtual reality exposure therapy, that treat anxieties by exposing people to things they fear and avoid.

Token economy

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

Family Therapy

therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members

Biomedical therapy

prescribed medication s or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology

Psychopharmacology

the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

ECT: Electroconvulsive therapy

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

Lobotomy

A psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain