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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Xanax
Benzodiazepine anxiolytic
Tofranil
Tricyclic
Nardil
MAOI
Wellbutrin
Other Antidepressant
Seroquel
Atypical Antipsychotic
Lithobid
Mood Stabilizer
Haldol
Typical Antipsychotic
Navane
Typical Antipsychotic
Depakene
Anticonvulsant for Mood Disorder
Clozaril
Atypical Antipsychotic
Antabuse
Alcohol deterrant (Chronic alcoholism)
Lexapro
SSRI
Ativan
Benzodiazepine
Prozac
SSRI
Suboxone
Opiod Analgesic
(Opiate addiction)
Ambien
Hypnotic
Deseryl
Other Antidepressant
Klonopin
Benzodiazepine
Vistaril
Hypnotic
Pamelor
Tricyclic
Pamelor
Tricyclic
Neurontin
Anticonvulsant for Mood Disorder
Cymbalta
SSRI
Valium
Benzodiazepine
Parnate
MAOI
Inderal
Nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic
Paxil
SSRI
Catapres
Nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic
Lamictal
Anticonvulsant for Mood Disorder
Zoloft
SSRI
Buspar
Nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic
Blocks dopamine from receptor sites. Calms excited behavior. Reduces psychotic symptoms. Targets positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
1st Generation / "Typical" Antipsychotics
Blocks reuptake of norepinephrine & serotonin, increasing their concentration in the body. Treats anxiety & depression.
Tricylclics
Theoretically corrects ion exchange abnormality in the neuron, normalizes neurotransmission of norepinephrine, serotonin, dopamine, & acetylcholine. Regulates second messenger systems during neurotransmission. Treats bipolar & unipolar depression, aggressive behaviors, conduct disorder, and schizoaffective disorder.
Mood-Stabilizer Lithium
Inhibit reception of dopamine & serotonin at post-synaptic sites. May have mild antidepressant properties. Treats mood symptoms, hostility, and cognitive effects. Targets positive & negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
2nd Generation / "Atypical" Antipsychotics
Inhibits reuptake of serotonin, increasing serotonin at post-synaptic receptors, promotes serotonin neurotransmission. Treats depression & anxiety.
SSRI
Thought to decrease “kindling” and to potentiate GABA. Treats mood disorders.
Anticonvulsants for Mood Disorders
Depresses CNS. Treats anxiety & insomnia.
Hypnotics
Potentiates GABA. Depresses CNS reticular activating system. Mutes incoming stimuli. Reduces anxiety. Muscles relax. Targets physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety.
Benzodiazepines
Prevents destruction of monoamines, increasing level of neurotransmitters. Treats anxiety & depression.
MAOI
Low overdose potential. Observe patient for suicidal ideation, especially teenagers. May cause bipolar patient to become manic. 2-6 week lag time. Serotonin syndrome is serious possible side effect.
SSRI
Excreted by kidneys & adversely affects thyroid. Lag time 7-10 days/ 1-2 weeks. Seesaw effect/inverse relationship with sodium. Narrow therapeutic range—toxicity is a medical emergency. No antidote is available.
Mood Stabilzer - Lithium
Numerous anticholinergic side effects. Important to observe for EPS, agranulocytosis, and Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome---all serious complications.
1st Generation
"Typical" Antipsychotics
Use cautiously in elderly—can cause nightmares & confusion. Some reports of memory loss/night eating/sleep walking on new medications.
Hypnotics
Life-threatening rash may occur (increases in children). Stevens-Johnson Syndrome. Overdose can be serious. Contraindicated in pregnancy.
Anticonvulsant Lamictal
Very expensive medication. Some EPS and agranulocytosis may occur. Schedule WBC counts and stress compliance. Can cause weight gain—metabolic disturbances. May cause sedation.
2nd Generation
"Atypical" Antipsychotic
High abuse/dependence/tolerance potential. Must be gradually withdrawn—abrupt withdrawal causes serious side effects. Should be used short-term only. Overdose treated with Romazicon/Mazicon. Most commonly prescribed psychotropic drugs.
Benzodiazepines
Baseline liver tests performed: May be lethal in overdose. Contraindicated for pregnancy or breastfeeding. Important side effect is thrombocytopenia—decrease dose.
Anticonvulsant
Valproic Acid /
Depakene / Depakote
Typically last choice. Serious side effect is Hypertensive Crisis. Important dietary precautions (foods containing tyramine). Important drug precautions (SSRIs, TCAs, other MAOIs, stimulants, OTC cough & cold, hypoglycemics, narcotic analgesics).
MAOI
Typically last choice. Serious side effect is Hypertensive Crisis. Important dietary precautions (foods containing tyramine). Important drug precautions (SSRIs, TCAs, other MAOIs, stimulants, OTC cough & cold, hypoglycemics, narcotic analgesics).
MAOI
Teach slow posture changes; rinse mouth; drink more; sugarless gum/candy; don’t drive; high fiber diet; avoid direct sunlight; wear sunglasses; compliance; check BP frequently; observe for fever, sore throat (agranulocytosis); observe for EPS & report immediately; use antidepressants and benzodiazepines cautiously.
1st Generation
"Typical" Antipsychotics
Teach to avoid foods and medication containing tyramine. Cannot be taken with TCAs, narcotics, anti-HTNs, sedatives, general anesthetics, stimulants. Must follow dietary and medication restrictions for 14 days after d/c MAOI. Patient should go to ER if experiences severe headache, increased BP, and palpitations.
MAOI
Teach to recognize and report signs of toxicity. Increase fluid to 2 to 3L/day. Do not restrict salt intake. Take with food to avoid GI upset. Profuse sweating or diarrhea increases risk of toxicity.
Mood Stablizer - Lithium
Do not discontinue abruptly. Alcohol and CNS depressants can potentiate effects. Teach alternative methods of reducing anxiety. Avoid driving until tolerance develops. Do not operate hazardous machinery.
Benzodiazepines
May be lethal in overdose. Do not use in pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
Anticonvulsant
Valproic Acid / Depakene / Depakote
Do not discontinue abruptly—may cause Withdrawal Syndrome. Teach S & S of Serotonin syndrome. Teach anticholinergic effects.
Tricylclic
Teach S & S of Stevens-Johnsons Syndrome.
Anticonvulsant - Lamictal
Teach S & S of Serotonin Syndrome. Do not take with St. John’s Wort or MAOIs. May take 2-6 weeks to effect change.
SSRI
Teach client about nutrition, exercise, and symptoms of diabetes mellitus—can cause weight gain & metabolic disturbances. May cause sedation.
2nd Generation
"Atypical" Antipsychotics
Use caution when driving and using machinery—causes sedation. Can cause nightmares and confusion in elderly.
Hypnotics