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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
unconditioned stimulus
automatically elicits reflexive response
unconditioned response
reflexive response to US
Conditioned stimulus
stimulus that was initially neutral but now elicits a response when paired with US
conditioned response
learned response to CS
eye blink conditioning
US: Puff of Air
UR: eyeblink
CS:light or tone
CR: eyeblink
Conditioned Suppression
US:Electric Shock
UR: Freeze (in rats)
CS: light or tone
CR: Freeze
Skin Conductance Response
US: Shock
UR: Palms sweat
CS: tone/word/image
CR: palms sweat
Taste Aversion Learning
US: Poison
UR: nausea
CS: taste of food
CR: avoidance of food
Acquisition Phase:
first series of US-CS pairings when CR gradually increases in strength.
-increase in size or intensity of US = faster asymptote and acquisition.
Extinction:
Repeatedly presenting the CS without the US until CR starts to decrease. But passage of time doesn't make CR disappear
Spontaneous Recovery
reappearance of CR (with no cause) is proof that US and CS association is not permanently destroyed in the extinction phase
Disinhibition:
CR recurs if CS is in a new context. This presentation of a distracting stimulus disrupts the fragile inhibition that was developed in Extinction.
Rapid Reacquisition:
in a second phase of acquisition
(after an extinction phase), the rate of learning is substantially faster.
Generalization:
transfer of CR to other similar stimuli.

(like rabbits responding to all levels of frequency)
Discrimination:
CR to one stimulus but not to other.

(like rabbits responding to only one level of frequency)
Simultaneous Conditioning
CS and US occur at the same.
Low CR because the CS is not predictive of US
Trace Conditioning
CS and US are separated by some time interval in which neither stimulus is presented

subject is relying on memory trace.
Short Delay Conditioning
Most effective!
when CS begins a second or so before the US.
Long Delay Conditioning
The CS precedes the US and continues until the US is presented.
Backward Conditioning
CS presented AFTER US

order matters, this limits the contiguity principle.
Higher Order Conditioning
When a CR is transferred from one CS to another.
example:
first order: attractive person
second order: logo
Systematic Desensitization:
1. construction of fear hierarchy
2. Progressive relaxation training
3. Gradual exposure to fear hierarchy while relaxed.
Aversive Counter Conditioning
Pain aversive stimulus with attractive stimulus
US: drug
UR: Nausea
CS: Alcohol
CR: Nausea
Treatment for Bedwetting:
US: loud bell
UR: awaken (tighten muscles)
CS: full bladder
CR:awaken
inhibitory CS
CS that prevents occurrence of reduces the size of CR
excitatory CS
regularly elicits CR when paired with US.
Phobias
US: images of twin towers
UR: fears
CS:all tall buildings
CR:fears