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33 Cards in this Set

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Non-verbal flirting behavior (phases)

Initial attention getting phase

Recognition phase

Exploration phase

Keeping time phase

Initial attention getting phase

MEN, roll shoulders, raise their arms

WOMEN, smile shyly, look obliquely, flick their hair, sway hips, arch back

Recognition phase

Raise eyebrows, stare at each other, lip puckers, singsong voice, melodious laughter

Exploration phase

Touch each other to look for signs of delight or disgust

Keeping time phase

Mirror each others glances, laughs, gazes,etc..

More they mimic the more they like each other


Nonverbal gestures that translate directly into words (roughly 800)

Types of nonverbal behaviour




Display of emotion


A nonverbal gesure that accompanies speech to increase it's emphasis. Hand gestures precede what we say, can use facial gestures as well


Non verbal gestures that coordinate conversations (pointing, nodding, motioning) needed for collaborative conversations


Unintentional nervous behavior that release tension (touch face, parts lips, tug at hair, jiggle legs) can be interpreted as lying or embarrassment

Displays of emotion

Signals in face, voice and body that express emotion

The principle of serviceable habits

Expressive behavior that help respond to threats and opportunities. Evolutionary past will be selected (adaptions)

The principle of antithesis

Opposite states will be coupled with opposite expressions, like dominant with submissive people

The principle of nervous discharge

Excess un-directed energy will produce random expressions like leg jiggles and face touches

The encoding hypothesis

The experience of discrete emotions should correlate with unique patterns of facial expressions across cultures

The decoding hypothesis

Observers across different cultures should interpret these expressions as signs of the same discrete emotion

7 basic emotions








Duchenne smile

A genuine smile, it's difficult to reproduce since we use sub-cortical structures. One study found that those with duchenne smiles in their yearbook pictures had more happiness and marital success later in life.

Polite smile

Also known as a non-duchenne smile, used in public or in conversation.


A feeling of self-conscious awareness and shame

Empathetic embarrassment

Feeling sympathy and shame for someone else


A feeling associated with social hierarchy which you gain in status through socially valued actions

Pride and shame

Displayed signs of pride and shame when an athlete lost or won despite being blind or sighted. Showing that _____ and ______ are universal.

Love and desire

Shared by many non-human primates, strong feelings of affection for a partner


A precursor to showing helpful behavior later in life, those that don't show this have increased heart rate and show more problems


The capacity to recognize, react, or express something that is amusing or funny

Stimulus-driven laughter

Duchenne laughter that is genuine

Self-generated laughter

Emotionless and conversational laughter, non-duchenne laughter

Four different functions of touch


Signal safety

Increase cooperation

Provide pleasure


A function of touch, grooming can lead to building affectionate relationships.

Signalling safety

Infants do this by touching their mothers it can lead to to properly attached children

Increase cooperation
Using touch as a reward, can use to convince people like touching someone when asking them to do something will increase the chances of them doing it

Provide pleasure

Touching someone activates the orbitofrontal cortex in the same places as those from pleasure from food/smell