Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/62

Click to flip

62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Guomindang
Nationalist Party, formed after China's first revolution in 1911
united with the CCP to unite regions militarily and politically 1923-1927
1927, hardliners assassinated thousands of CCP activists in Shanghai
CCP
Chinese Communist Party
united with the Guomindang to unite regions militarily and politically 1923-1927
1927 Guomindang assassinateds CCP activists in Shanghai and CCP flees to develop armed forces
1928 radical land reforms, frightening wealthy peasants; poor peasants hesitant as well

took Long March, implemented mass line, and eventually were able to pass land reform in countryside; landlord class destroyed; economic recovery increased CCP's prestige

CCP gets disenchanted middle class vote; 1949 all major urban centers; Guomindang switch allegiance to CCP; Oct 1, 1949 Peoples' Republic of China born
Mao Zedong
leader of the CCP
believed that revolutionary potential rested in countryside; traditions btwn peasants and landlords made this difficult, so he recruited outlaws and bandit gangs
Long March
1933 CCP kicked out of base in Jiangxi; 1000 communists marched the Shaanxi province; nearly 20% of marchers did no survive
Mass Line
after the Long March of 1933, Communist party developed this strategy: reduce boundaries btwn 1) Party, institutions, and army and 2) rank-and-file peasants; decentralized, lower-level officials can implement policy for local needs, etc; officials worked alongside peasants; villagers encouraged to interact freely
Marriage Law
CCP passes this, transforming family relations

concubinage/forced marriage=illegal, infanticide/sale/betrothal of children=illegal; children born out wedlock given equal legal protection; women get right to own property, hold jobs, and divorce abusive/abandoning husbands
National Capitalists
entrepreneurs who were not allied with Guomindang; protected by state because it needed technical/managerial skills

1949-1953 private industrial firms increase sixfold
Great Leap Forward
1958 Mao's radical economic plan; agricultural communes in the countryside; urban industry- workers become involved with managers; all receive equal pay; 30million+ starved/died from exhuastion; abandoned 1962
Communes
countryside 1958 people had to live in these; local officials direct production, child care, education healthcare; changed family structure
Cultural Revolution
1965-1978 wanted to expunge all elements of elitism in society and make revolution and ongoing process; wanted highly politicized state;
Red Guards
1966 Mao orders People's Daily to run an article criticizing the Beijing University Communist Party Branch; students response was to create military org; Red Guards seize and punish anyone who possessed unwarranted prestige - sent urban into country and vice versa; nearly all universities shut down
Deng Xiaoping
chariman of CCP 1978 after Mao; goal=economic modernization; liberalization of prices; no incentives
Tiananmen Square Massacre
students at Beijing University protest against gov't; started with conditions and food, but then against gov't and CCP; democratic reforms (wanted more influence on decisions, but less state interference in daily lives); workers joined; martial law; massacred about 1000 people
Great Leap Forward
1958 Mao's radical economic plan; agricultural communes in the countryside; urban industry- workers become involved with managers; all receive equal pay; 30million+ starved/died from exhuastion; abandoned 1962
New Spain
Spanish conquered Mexico in 1500s-1824; Viceroy governed; authoritarian; Mexico and Central America and a part that belongs now to the US
Communes
countryside 1958 people had to live in these; local officials direct production, child care, education healthcare; changed family structure
Viceroy
Spanish rule in Mexico lasted til 1824; this was the Spanish king's personal representative and surrogate king of "new spain"; governed all of what is today Mexico; supreme political authority; commanded military and vicepatron of Church
Cultural Revolution
1965-1978 wanted to expunge all elements of elitism in society and make revolution and ongoing process; wanted highly politicized state;
Mestizos
19th century Mexico, many Europeans had married/had children with indigenous population, thus making independence from Spain nonviolent; European elite opted to stay in Mexico
Red Guards
1966 Mao orders People's Daily to run an article criticizing the Beijing University Communist Party Branch; students response was to create military org; Red Guards seize and punish anyone who possessed unwarranted prestige - sent urban into country and vice versa; nearly all universities shut down
Deng Xiaoping
chariman of CCP 1978 after Mao; goal=economic modernization; liberalization of prices; no incentives
Porfirio Diaz
first president of Mexico 1884-1911; role of state expanded and public sector grew; integrated wealthy into administration; favoritism; 1910 rebels revolt and he is exiled
Tiananmen Square Massacre
students at Beijing University protest against gov't; started with conditions and food, but then against gov't and CCP; democratic reforms (wanted more influence on decisions, but less state interference in daily lives); workers joined; martial law; massacred about 1000 people
New Spain
Spanish conquered Mexico in 1500s-1824; Viceroy governed; authoritarian; Mexico and Central America and a part that belongs now to the US
Viceroy
Spanish rule in Mexico lasted til 1824; this was the Spanish king's personal representative and surrogate king of "new spain"; governed all of what is today Mexico; supreme political authority; commanded military and vicepatron of Church
Mestizos
19th century Mexico, many Europeans had married/had children with indigenous population, thus making independence from Spain nonviolent; European elite opted to stay in Mexico
Porfirio Diaz
first president of Mexico 1884-1911; role of state expanded and public sector grew; integrated wealthy into administration; favoritism; 1910 rebels revolt and he is exiled
Great Leap Forward
1958 Mao's radical economic plan; agricultural communes in the countryside; urban industry- workers become involved with managers; all receive equal pay; 30million+ starved/died from exhuastion; abandoned 1962
Communes
countryside 1958 people had to live in these; local officials direct production, child care, education healthcare; changed family structure
Cultural Revolution
1965-1978 wanted to expunge all elements of elitism in society and make revolution and ongoing process; wanted highly politicized state;
Red Guards
1966 Mao orders People's Daily to run an article criticizing the Beijing University Communist Party Branch; students response was to create military org; Red Guards seize and punish anyone who possessed unwarranted prestige - sent urban into country and vice versa; nearly all universities shut down
Deng Xiaoping
chariman of CCP 1978 after Mao; goal=economic modernization; liberalization of prices; no incentives
Tiananmen Square Massacre
students at Beijing University protest against gov't; started with conditions and food, but then against gov't and CCP; democratic reforms (wanted more influence on decisions, but less state interference in daily lives); workers joined; martial law; massacred about 1000 people
New Spain
Spanish conquered Mexico in 1500s-1824; Viceroy governed; authoritarian; Mexico and Central America and a part that belongs now to the US
Great Leap Forward
1958 Mao's radical economic plan; agricultural communes in the countryside; urban industry- workers become involved with managers; all receive equal pay; 30million+ starved/died from exhuastion; abandoned 1962
Viceroy
Spanish rule in Mexico lasted til 1824; this was the Spanish king's personal representative and surrogate king of "new spain"; governed all of what is today Mexico; supreme political authority; commanded military and vicepatron of Church
Communes
countryside 1958 people had to live in these; local officials direct production, child care, education healthcare; changed family structure
Mestizos
19th century Mexico, many Europeans had married/had children with indigenous population, thus making independence from Spain nonviolent; European elite opted to stay in Mexico
Cultural Revolution
1965-1978 wanted to expunge all elements of elitism in society and make revolution and ongoing process; wanted highly politicized state;
Porfirio Diaz
first president of Mexico 1884-1911; role of state expanded and public sector grew; integrated wealthy into administration; favoritism; 1910 rebels revolt and he is exiled
Red Guards
1966 Mao orders People's Daily to run an article criticizing the Beijing University Communist Party Branch; students response was to create military org; Red Guards seize and punish anyone who possessed unwarranted prestige - sent urban into country and vice versa; nearly all universities shut down
Deng Xiaoping
chariman of CCP 1978 after Mao; goal=economic modernization; liberalization of prices; no incentives
Tiananmen Square Massacre
students at Beijing University protest against gov't; started with conditions and food, but then against gov't and CCP; democratic reforms (wanted more influence on decisions, but less state interference in daily lives); workers joined; martial law; massacred about 1000 people
New Spain
Spanish conquered Mexico in 1500s-1824; Viceroy governed; authoritarian; Mexico and Central America and a part that belongs now to the US
Viceroy
Spanish rule in Mexico lasted til 1824; this was the Spanish king's personal representative and surrogate king of "new spain"; governed all of what is today Mexico; supreme political authority; commanded military and vicepatron of Church
Mestizos
19th century Mexico, many Europeans had married/had children with indigenous population, thus making independence from Spain nonviolent; European elite opted to stay in Mexico
Porfirio Diaz
first president of Mexico 1884-1911; role of state expanded and public sector grew; integrated wealthy into administration; favoritism; 1910 rebels revolt and he is exiled
Great Leap Forward
1958 Mao's radical economic plan; agricultural communes in the countryside; urban industry- workers become involved with managers; all receive equal pay; 30million+ starved/died from exhuastion; abandoned 1962
Communes
countryside 1958 people had to live in these; local officials direct production, child care, education healthcare; changed family structure
Cultural Revolution
1965-1978 wanted to expunge all elements of elitism in society and make revolution and ongoing process; wanted highly politicized state;
Red Guards
1966 Mao orders People's Daily to run an article criticizing the Beijing University Communist Party Branch; students response was to create military org; Red Guards seize and punish anyone who possessed unwarranted prestige - sent urban into country and vice versa; nearly all universities shut down
Deng Xiaoping
chariman of CCP 1978 after Mao; goal=economic modernization; liberalization of prices; no incentives
Tiananmen Square Massacre
students at Beijing University protest against gov't; started with conditions and food, but then against gov't and CCP; democratic reforms (wanted more influence on decisions, but less state interference in daily lives); workers joined; martial law; massacred about 1000 people
New Spain
Spanish conquered Mexico in 1500s-1824; Viceroy governed; authoritarian; Mexico and Central America and a part that belongs now to the US
Viceroy
Spanish rule in Mexico lasted til 1824; this was the Spanish king's personal representative and surrogate king of "new spain"; governed all of what is today Mexico; supreme political authority; commanded military and vicepatron of Church
Mestizos
19th century Mexico, many Europeans had married/had children with indigenous population, thus making independence from Spain nonviolent; European elite opted to stay in Mexico
Porfirio Diaz
first president of Mexico 1884-1911; role of state expanded and public sector grew; integrated wealthy into administration; favoritism; 1910 rebels revolt and he is exiled
Carlos Salinas
1988-1994 fraudulent elections and violated law numerous times; Mexicans ignored this and held him to high esteem until the peso crash of 1994
Cuauhtemoc Cardenas
founder of the PRD; son of former president; 1987
Personalism
a form of clientelism; access to political system is limited to those individuals who have personal ties to important gov't officials; affect which policies are enacted
Camarillas
political cliques use their networks and connections to advance up the ladder of politics to influence public policy
Zapista Army of Nat'l Liberation
1994; Chiapas, subcommander Marcos; guerilla force; called national and international attention to social and economic inequalities in Mexico