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21 Cards in this Set

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MEDICAL ASEPSIS
microorganisms have been eliminated as much as possible

Hand Hygiene
Barrier techniques
Routine environmental cleanliness
SURGICAL ASEPSIS (p. 421)
complete removal of all organisms from equipment and environment
STANDARD PRECAUTIONS
(p. 415)
first tier of transmission based isolation procautions; used barriers to prevent contact with blood, all body fluids, non intact skin, and mucous membranes with there is a chance infection will be transmitted
AIRBORNE PRECAUTIONS
respiratory protection frquired for individuals entering patient's room
DROPLET PRECAUTIONS
masks required for persons coming in close contact with the patient
CONTACT PRECAUTIONS
masks, gloves, and gowns are indicated for individuals coming in contact with the patient
DIRECT CONTACT TRANSMISSION
Infected person touches the susceptible host
AIRBORNE TRANSMISSION
droplets and dust
COMMON VEHICLE TRANSMISSION
primarily transmission by contaminated items such as foof, water, medications, devices, and equipment
VECTORBORNE TRANSMISSION
an animal contains and transmits an infectious organism to humans
HANDWASHING
the most effective method to prevent the spread of infection
INFECTION CONTROL BARRIERS
gloves, protective clothing, masks, eye protection
PPE
personal protective equipment
EYE PROTECTION
use special glasses or goggles when performing procedures that generate splash or splatter; ex. irrigations of large areas, arterial catheter insertions (Potter, p. 419); a nurse who wears glasses uses reusable, disposable or removable shields around eyeglasses; must fit snugly around the face (Potter, p. 419).
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
eyes, nose and mouth covered when anticipate splash and splatter; N95 for TB patients; have to be fit tested; protects nurse from inhaling small-particle droplets that remain suspended in the air; surgical mask protects nurse from inhaling large-particle aerosols that travel short distances (3 feet); patients susceptible to infection have to wear masks; when transporting patient wears mask; speak little when wearing mask to decrease moisture in mask (Potter, p. 419)
Bagging trash or linen
double bagging is not recommended or necessary; tie securely
transporting patients
put clean gowns on patients before transporting; if patient has airborne illness, the patient has to wear a mask; use extra layer of sheets of suspected drainage will occur; clean all equipment with acceptable germicide (Potter, p. 420)
Removing PPE
remove in opposite order for which applied: gloves first, remove eyewear/faceshield or goggles, remove gown; turn inside out so as to not touch with bear hands, then remove mask; pull mask away from face
Assessing vital signs
If MRSA, VRE, equipment remains in the room whenever possible (stethescope and cuff); if stethescope reused, clean diaphragm or bell with alcohol; use individual thermometer or disposable thermometer
Protective Environment Precautions
designed for patients with transplants and gene therapy; requires a special room with positive airflow
Procedure during Infection Control
Inform client, family of precaution; be mindful of psychosocial assessment

Demonstrate procedure of hand washing to client and family

Explain how organism transmitted

Make sure environment clean, airy, open drapes; listen to patient concerns

Post precaution measures outside room

Isolation room/anteroom must have hand hygiene and PPE supplies; antimicrobial soal

gown, mask (N95 respirator), eyewear; goggles, gloves