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23 Cards in this Set

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Advise and consent

The Senate's authority to accept or reject president's appointments and treaties

Anti-Federalists

People who opposed Constitution ratification.


Afraid of government power and authority on individual freedom

Bicameral legislature

Two-part legislature, called Chambers

Bill of Rights

First 10 amendments.


Rights the government can't touch

Checks and balances

Each branch of government can keep in balance with the others

Confederation

A union of sovereign states


Common actions relate all the states

Connecticut Compromise

Virginia New Jersey Plan compromise.


Made bicameral legislature.


1. Population


2. Two members of each state

Constitution

Fundamental principles of government.


Government operates to fulfill these principles

Dual sovereignty

Governing Authority is divided between central and Regional governments.



Each have ultimate authority over different matters

Electoral college

Representatives elected by voters in each state, to choose President

Federalist

People who supported the new constitution

Judicial review



Court authority

Court Authority to determine if Government action violates the Constitution

Madison V Marbury



Branches

Court case which establishes power of judicial review.



Strikes down laws passed by other branches that conflicts with Constitution

Natural rights

Rights to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.

New Jersey Plan

Unicameral National legislature, all states have equal voice.

Republic


Representative

Government power comes from people, citizens elect officials to represent them.

Separation of powers

Constitution's authority over three branches, so no one group controls everything

Supremacy clause

Constitution, treaties, and laws created with Constitution are supreme law of land

The Federalist Papers

Series of essays that argued for ratification of Constitution

Three-Fifths Compromise

Each slave as three-fifths of one free men

Unicameral legislature

Single body chamber

Veto

President's rejection of a bill


Sent back to Congress

Virginia Plan

Bicameral legislature.


State representation in Congress is proportional based on population.