Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Advise and consent

The Senate's authority to accept or reject president's appointments and treaties


People who opposed Constitution ratification.

Afraid of government power and authority on individual freedom

Bicameral legislature

Two-part legislature, called Chambers

Bill of Rights

First 10 amendments.

Rights the government can't touch

Checks and balances

Each branch of government can keep in balance with the others


A union of sovereign states

Common actions relate all the states

Connecticut Compromise

Virginia New Jersey Plan compromise.

Made bicameral legislature.

1. Population

2. Two members of each state


Fundamental principles of government.

Government operates to fulfill these principles

Dual sovereignty

Governing Authority is divided between central and Regional governments.

Each have ultimate authority over different matters

Electoral college

Representatives elected by voters in each state, to choose President


People who supported the new constitution

Judicial review

Court authority

Court Authority to determine if Government action violates the Constitution

Madison V Marbury


Court case which establishes power of judicial review.

Strikes down laws passed by other branches that conflicts with Constitution

Natural rights

Rights to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.

New Jersey Plan

Unicameral National legislature, all states have equal voice.



Government power comes from people, citizens elect officials to represent them.

Separation of powers

Constitution's authority over three branches, so no one group controls everything

Supremacy clause

Constitution, treaties, and laws created with Constitution are supreme law of land

The Federalist Papers

Series of essays that argued for ratification of Constitution

Three-Fifths Compromise

Each slave as three-fifths of one free men

Unicameral legislature

Single body chamber


President's rejection of a bill

Sent back to Congress

Virginia Plan

Bicameral legislature.

State representation in Congress is proportional based on population.