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57 Cards in this Set

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Speaker (drama)

Character currently delivering lines

Speaker (poem)

Person expressing a point of view in the poem

Persona

Voice and viewpoint author adopts to deliver story or poem

Mood

feeling created for reader in work of literature

Tone

Author or speaker's attitude toward the subject and readers

Abstract

Broad concept

Concrete

Refers to a specific, particular thing

Imagery

Description of how something looks, feels, tastes, smells, or sounds

Form/Structure

Defining structural characteristics of a work

Poetic Syntax

Similar to syntax in prose; includes the arrangement of words into lines, etc.

Anaphora

Repetition of initial word or words to add emphasis

Apostrophe

A direct address to an abstraction, a thing, an animal, or an imaginary or absent person

Ars poética

A form of poetry written about poetry

Cadence

Quality of spoken text formed from combining text's rhythm with rise and fall in the inflection of a speaker's voice

Caesura

A pause within a line of poetry, sometimes punctuated but sometimes not

Refrain

A line, lines, or stands in a poem that repeat(s) at intervals

End-stopped Line

Line of poetry that concludes with punctuation that marks a pause

Enjambment

One line of poetry ends without a pause and must continue on to the next line to complete its meaning

Metaphysical Conceit

Device that sets up a striking analogy between two entities that would not usually invite comparison; often drawing connections between the physical and the spiritual

Verse

Writing arranged with a metrical rhythm, typically having a rhyme

Free Verse

No set meter, no rhyming scheme, and no set pattern is followed

Metaphor

Compares two things without using like or as

Extended Metaphor

A metaphor that continues over several lines or throughout an entire literary work

Mixed Metaphor

Combination of two or more different metaphors that often produces a silly or humorous effect

Simile

Used to clarify or explain an idea by comparing it explicitly to something else using the words like, as, or as though

Personification

An animal or inanimate object is given human qualities

Hyperbole/Overstatement

Deliberate exaggeration used for emphasis or to produce a comic or ironic effect

Oxymoron

Paradox made up of two seemingly contradictory words

Paradox

Statement that seems contradictory but actually is not

Alliteration

Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables containing dissimilar consonant sounds

Onomatopoeia

The use of words that imitate sounds

Consonance

repetition of final consonant sounds with different vowel sounds

Soliloquy

long speech in play where character believes they are alone or is alone and reveals their thoughts or emotions; only heard by audience

Archaic Language

words that were once common but are no longer used

Catharsis

emotional release felt by the audience at the end of a tragic drama

Denouement

phase of story's plot where the conflict has been resolved and balance is restored to the world of the story

Dramatic Irony

contradiction between what character thinks and what the reader or audience knows

Foil

contrasting character who allows the protagonist to stand out more distinctly

Anticlimax

conclusion that is unsatisfying because it doesn't meet the expectations the narrative has been building toward

Blank Verse

no rhyming scheme; iambic pentameter

Juxtaposition

placing two things side by side for the sake of comparison or contrast

Antithesis

placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas

Idiom

a set expression or a phrase comprising two or more words; not interpreted literally; means something different than what the individual words imply

Chiasmus

two successive clauses or sentences where the key words or phrases are repeated in reverse order

Litotes

employs an understatement by using double negatives

Synecdoche

part of something is used to represent the whole

Metonymy

something is represented by another thing that is related to it

Rhetorical Question

question asked for stylistic effect and emphasis to make a point rather than to solicit an answer

Medias Res

"in the middle of things"; narrative begins in the middle of the action

Tragedy

work in which the protagonist experiences a series of unfortunate reversals due to some character trait

Tragic Flaw

character trait that leads to a hero's downfall

Tragic Hero

character who possesses a flaw or commits an error in judgement that leads to his or her downfall and a reversal of fortune

Comedy

dramatic work that has a light, amusing plot; features a happy ending; centers around ordinary people

Pun

play on words that derives its humor from the replacement of one word with another that has a similar pronunciation or spelling but a different meaning

Wordplay

writers manipulate language for effect

Monologue

long speech in a play made by one character that is addressed to another character or characters