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35 Cards in this Set

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Which of the following is described as a anuclear, biconcave disk?

a. Erythrocyte
b. Granulocyte
c. Leukocyte
d. Thrombocyte

a. Erythrocyte

The chamber of the heart that receives blood from the systemic circulation is the:

a. left atrium.
b. left ventricle.
c. right atrium.
d. right ventricle.

c. right atrium.

The thick muscle layer of the heart is called the:

a. endocardium.
b. epicardium.
c. myocardium.
d. pericardium.

c. myocardium.

The ECG shows P waves due to:

a. atrial contractions.
b. delayed contractions.
c. electrical charge revival.
d. ventricular contraction.

a. atrial contractions.

When taking a blood pressure, the systolic pressure is the pressure reading when the:

a. artery is compressed and blood fl ow is cut off.



b. cuff has already been completely deflated.



c. first heart sounds are heard as the cuff is deflated.



d. muffled sound is heard as the cuff is deflated.

c. first heart sounds are heard as the cuff is deflated.

The purpose of the pulmonary system is to:

a. carry blood to and from the lungs.



b. carry nutrients to the cells.



c. deliver blood to the systemic system.



d. remove impurities from the blood.

a. carry blood to and from the lungs.

Which of the following blood vessels are listed in the proper order of blood fl ow?

a. Aorta, superior vena cava, vein
b. Arteriole, venule, capillary
c. Capillary, venule, vein
d. Vein, venule, capillary

c. Capillary, venule, vein

The internal space of a blood vessel is called the:

a. atrium.
b. lumen.
c. septum.
d. valve.

b. lumen.

The longest vein and the largest artery in the body in that order are:

a. cephalic and femoral.



b. great saphenous and aorta.



c. inferior vena cava and brachial.



d. pulmonary and femoral.

b. great saphenous and aorta.

The preferred vein for venipuncture in the "H"
pattern is the:

a. accessory cephalic.
b. basilic.
c. cephalic.
d. median cubital.

d. median cubital.

The major difference between plasma and serum is that plasma:

a. contains fibrinogen, serum does not.



b. contains nutrients, serum does not.



c. looks clear, serum looks cloudy.



d. looks amber, serum looks pale yellow.

a. contains fibrinogen, serum does not.

An individual's blood type (A, B, AB, or O) is determined by the presence or absence of which of the following on the red blood cells?

a. Antigens
b. Antibodies
c. Chemicals
d. Hormones

a. Antigens

Which is the correct sequence of events after blood vessel injury?
a. Fibrinolysis, platelet adhesion, vasoconstriction

b. Platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction, fibrin clotformation

c. Vasoconstriction, platelet aggregation, fibrin clot formation

d. Vasodilation, platelet adhesion, fibrin clot formation
c. Vasoconstriction, platelet aggregation, fibrin clot formation

Lymph originates from:

a. joint fluid.
b. plasma.
c. serum.
d. tissue fluid.

d. tissue fluid.

A heart disorder characterized by fluid buildup in the lungs is called:

a. aortic stenosis.
b. bacterial endocarditis.
c. congestive heart failure.
d. myocardial infarction.

c. congestive heart failure.

The thin membrane lining the heart that is continuous with the lining of the blood vessels is the:
a. endocardium.
b. epicardium.
c. myocardium.
d. pericardium.
b. epicardium.

Partitions that separate the right and left chambers of the heart are called:

a. chordae tendineae.
b. cusps.
c. Purkinje fi bers.
d. septa.

d. septa.

The bicuspid valve in the heart is also called the:

a. aortic valve.
b. mitral valve.
c. pulmonic valve.
d. tricuspid valve.

b. mitral valve.

The function of the right ventricle is to:

a. deliver blood to the aorta.



b. deliver blood to the pulmonary artery.



c. receive blood from the pulmonary vein.



d. receive blood from the vena cava.

b. deliver blood to the pulmonary artery.

A fast heart rate is called:

a. arrhythmia.
b. bradycardia.
c. fibrillations.
d. tachycardia.

d. tachycardia.

The sound of the heartbeat comes from:

a. contracting myocardium.



b. firing of the sinoatrial node.



c. opening and closing of the valves.



d. resonating interventricular septa.

c. opening and closing of the valves.

Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries during

a. atrial contraction.
b. atrial relaxation.
c. ventricular contraction.
d. ventricular relaxation.

d. ventricular relaxation.

Which of the following arteries carries deoxygenated blood?

a. Brachial
b. Femoral
c. Pulmonary
d. Radial

c. Pulmonary

A vein is defined as a blood vessel that carries

a. blood away from the heart.
b. blood to the heart.
c. deoxygenated blood.
d. oxygen-rich blood.

b. blood to the heart.

While selecting a vein for venipuncture, you feel a distinct pulse. What you are feeling is a/an

a. artery.
b. nerve.
c. valve.
d. vein.

a. artery.

A major difference between veins and arteries is that

a. arteries have a thicker external layer.



b. arteries have no endothelial layer.



c. veins have a thicker medial layer.



d. veins have valves.

a. arteries have a thicker external layer.

The outer layer of a blood vessel is called the tunica

a. adventitia.
b. interna.
c. intima.
d. media.

a. adventitia.

Which of the following veins are most commonly used for venipuncture?

a. Basilic and median cubital
b. Cephalic and basilic
c. Median cubital and cephalic
d. Radial and basilic

c. Median cubital and cephalic

Which of the following formed elements is actually part of a bone marrow cell called a megakaryocyte?

a. Erythrocyte
b. Granulocyte
c. Thrombocyte
d. Reticulocyte

c. Thrombocyte

Whole blood consists of all of the following except

a. cells.
b. fibrin.
c. plasma.
d. solutes.

b. fibrin.

A person's blood type is determined by antigens on the surfaces of the

a. eosinophils.
b. platelets.
c. red blood cells.
d. white blood cells.

c. red blood cells.

The third response of the coagulation process is

a. fibrinolysis.
b. platelet plug formation.
c. hemostatic plug formation.
d. vasoconstriction.

a. fibrinolysis.

When platelets stick to each other during the coagulation process, it is called

a. aggregation.
b. adhesion.
c. infarction.
d. inhibition.

a. aggregation.

Which of the following is a function of the lymphatic system?

a. Carry oxygen to the cells
b. Regulate blood pressure
c. Remove microorganisms
d. Synthesize coagulation factors

c. Remove microorganisms

A blood clot circulating in the bloodstream is called a/an

a. embolism.
b. embolus.
c. phlebitis.
d. thrombus.

b. embolus.