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15 Cards in this Set

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blood bank specimens
yield info that determines which blood products can be transfused safely into a patient.
-require one or more plain (no serum separator gel) red stopper tubes or a lavender or pink top EDTA tube
Typenex Blood Recipient info (bracelet)
info written on a self-carbon adhesive label on the bracelet, leaving a carbon copy of the info, including the unique ID number, on the bracelet, additional ID number labels from the bracelet sent to the lab with the specimen
MedPoint Transfusion system
portable bedside bar code scanning system that provides electronic verification and tracing of the blood transfusion process
-hardware includes a portable data terminal and a printer
Blood type and screen test
determines a patients blood type (ABO) and Rh factor
-used to perform a crossmatch and select a donor unit of blood
-during a crossmatch,, patients plasma/serum and the donor's red cells are mixed together to determine compatibility
agglutination
clumping due to incompatible blood donation
-can be fatal
lysis
rupturing of the red blood cells within the patients circulatory system with an incompatible blood donation
Blood donor collection
collecting blood to be used for transfusions, rather than diagnostic testing
-volunteer donors
-amounts referred to as units
-only 1 needle puncture can be used to fill a unit, if only partially fills must repeat procedure with a new unit
-bloodbanks
American Association of Blood Banks (AABB)
set guidelines for blood banks to follow
-purposes of quality assurance and standardization
-FDA regulation is also required, (blood products considered pharmaceuticals)
Donor eligibility
17-66 years old
at least 110 pounds
minors need written parental permission
brief physical exam
complete medical history
-collected EVERY time a person donates
-info is confidential
-written permission needed for blood bank to use his/her blood
CPT
citrate phosphate destrose
-typically used in collecting units of blood for transfusion
anticoagulant
lookback program
requires notification to all blood recipients when a donor for a blood product they have received has turned positive for transmissable disease
Autologous donation
process by which a person donates blood for his or her own use
-done for elective surgeries when it is anticipated that a transfusion will be needed
-collected several weeks prior usually, but minimum time is 72 hours
- must have a written order from physician to be eligive
Bacteremia or septicemia
bacteria or microorganisms/toxins in the blood
-suspected when patient experiences fever of unknown origin (FUO)
-blood cultures determine infection and type of organism and assessing what antibiotic to use
Blood culture specimens
commonly collected in special bottles containing nutrient broth (Media) that encourages the growth of microorganisms
-typically collected in sets of two: 1 aerobic and 1 anaerobic
-anaerobic filled first when a syring is used to collect the blood
-when a butterfly is used its preferable to fill the aerobic first because air in the tubing will be drawn into it
-when more than one set is ordered: second site should be obtained from opposite arm, and preferably 30 minutes apart
Direct inoculation
to collect specimen directly into the blood culture media:
-use a butterful
-fill aerobic vial first
-mix each container after removing it from needle holder