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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An anti-inflammatory agent used for any other condition is known as...
Colchine
Milk of magnesia is which type of laxative?
Osmotic laxative
A chronic disease caused by increased reactivity of the tracheobronchial tree to various stimuli is ...
asthma
The oral anticoagulant of choice is ...
Warfarin
Agents that widen the diameter of the bronchial tubes are known as ...
bronchodilators
The most popular type of contraceptives in the United States is ...
the oral contraceptive
An inflammation or infection of a fallopian tube is known as ...
salpingitis
Warfarin is an antagonist of Vitamin ...
Vitamin K
Warfarin is popularly marketed as ...
Coumadin
A bronchial condition characterized by a large increase of air spaces that is harmful to bronchial walls is known as ...
emphysema
The type of cough that brings up fluid or mucus from the lungs is called a ...
productive cough
Medications capable of dissolving or promoting the liquifying of mucus in the lungs are known as mucolytics or ...
expectorants
Vassopressin (ADH) is released from which organ?
Pituitary gland
The chemical that regulates potassium ions, increases sodium ion reabsorption and is excreted by the adrenal cortex is ....
aldosterone
Which drug is used as a decongestant?
Diphenhydramine
Care must be taken with potassium-sparing diuretics because they may cause...
hyperkalemia
Excessive secretion of growth hormone before puberty causes gigantism. If this hormone is secreted excessively after puberty what condition does it cause?
Acromegaly
Warfarin carries a strong warning against its use during ...
Pregnancy
Damage to the optic nerve often caused by intraocular pressure is known as ...
glaucoma
In humans, milk secretion from the mammary glands is stimulated by ...
Prolactin (Prl)
In the eyes, carbonic anydrase inhibitors decrease the formation of ...
aqueous humor
Miotic muscarine agonists are agents that constrict the ....
Pupils
Agents that dilate the pupil of the eye are known as ....
mydriatic agents
The most popularly used emetic is ...
ipecac syrup
The risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma include elevated intraocular pressure, hypertension, use of corticosteroids, and ...
diabetes
One of the drugs most commonly involved in poisonings and suicide attempts is ...
acetaminophen
What is the formula that makes up the process of urinary excretion?
glomular filtration + tubular secretion - tubular reabsorption
Drugs that are chemically related to caffeine and dilate bronchioles in the lungs are known as ....
Xanthine derivatives
Treatment of poisonings with bleach consists of ingesting water or ...
milk
Carbon monoxide, which is produced by the exhaust of internal combustion engines, causes the skin and mucus membranes to become ...
Cherry red
Potassium iodide is used alone to treat overactive thyroid or ...
thyrotoxic crisis
Dysregulation of beta cell function in the pancreas can lead to ...
diabetes mellitus
The second most common group of drugs taken by elderly patients are ...
sedatives and hypnotics
Type I diabetes is also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or ...
Juvenile diabetes
Treatment of type II diabetes can be accomplished by using diet, exercise, antidiabetic medications and even ...
insulin
Uterine bleeding that occurs independent of the normal menstrual period is known as ...
metrorrhagia
Hip fractures in elderly patients can often occur due to ...
Osteoporosis
Among persons age 65 years or older, the leading cause of death is ...
heart disease
Cerebrovascular disease is also known as ...
Stroke
Osteoporosis occurs more often in ...
elderly women
Gestational diabetes develops during ...
pregnancy
What is an example of a muscle relaxant?
baclofen
The hormone that stimulates powerful uterine contractions and aids labor in its later stages is known as ...
Oxytocine
The elderly tend to have ....
reduced total body water
As we age the liver decreases in its ability to heal from injury caused by hepatitus or ...
alcohol use
The only representative of the parenteral type of hypoglycemic drugs is ..
insulin
The trade name for the bisphosonate named alendronate is ...
Fosamax
Drug therapy for hypertension usually begins with ...
diuretics
The aim of urine production is to maintain ...
homeostasis
An anti-inflammatory agent used specifically for gout and not for any other condition is ...
Colchicine
The most abundant mineral in the human body is ...
Calcium
The type of oral antidiabetic drug that is considered the mainstay of this type of diabetic therapy is the group known as the ...
sulfonylureas
Antihypertensive drugs taht are overused by physicians partially because of their fear of heart failure for elderly patients are the ...
cardiac glycosides
Geriatric patients are often more sensitive to the respiratory effects of ...
narcotic analgesics
A condition characterized by progressive memory and cognitive function impairment is known as ...
Alzheimer's disease
A serious form of jaundice in newborns is known as ...
Kernicterus
Oral liquid medications that must be shaken to evenly distribute undissolved drug particles are known as ...
suspensions
The most abundant organic waste is ...
Urea
The best known synthetic estrogen is ...
diethylstilbestrol (Stilbestrol)
Drugs that may stain the incoming teeth of an infant are the ...
tetracyclines
Pediatric drug dosages are based on age, body weight, and body surface area, but not on ...
sex
The milk ejection (letdown) reflex in nursing mothers is promoted by ...
oxytocic drugs
The larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs make up the ...
lower respiratory tract
what is the trade name of warfarin sodium?
Coumadin
The most common disorder or condition of the stomach is ...
peptic ulcer
The prototype drug of the histamine H2-receptor antagonists is ...
Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Rheumatoid arthritis affects more women than men and is usually seen in the feet, wrists, and ....
Hands
The most commonly used prostaglandin analog is ...
misoprostol (Cytotec)
Stool softeners are sometimes known as surfactants or ...
emollients
What does DMARD stand for?
Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs
Bismuth subsalicylate is the generic name for ...
Pepto-Bismol
The third event in the process of hemostasis is blood clotting, also known as ...
coagulation
What agent is classified as an anti-coagulant?
heparin
A physiologic progression of steps that stop bleeding are known as ...
hemostasis
What is not used to treat peptic ulcer?
antibiotics
An increase in volume, fluidity, or frequency of bowel movements is termed ...
diarrhea
Among the most misused gastrointestinal drugs are ..
laxatives
The act of disgorging the contents of the stomach through the mouth is known as vomiting or ....
emesis
Many cases of gastric ulcer or gastritis are due to the presence of the bacterium ...
Helicobacter Pylori
The trade name for famotidine is ...
Pepcid
Medications used to treat musculoskeletal conditions include aspirin, gold salts, NSAIDS, and ...
skeletal muscle relaxants
What is the generic name for Benemid?
probenecid
The skeletal muscle relaxant of first choice is usually ...
baclofen
The drugs of first choice in the treatment of intraocular hypertension and chronic open-angle glaucoma are the ...
beta-adrenergic blockers
Drugs taht inhibit platelet function should not be used with heparin. One of the most commonly used drugs that exhibits this effect is ...
aspirin
The DMARD of first choice in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is ...
methotrexate
Drugs that cause paralysis of the ciliary muscles, resulting in papillary dilation, are known as ...
cycloplegics (anticholinergic agents)
After installation of certain eye drops, the pupils will be dilated and patients should wear ...
sunglasses
Androgens are ...
male sex hormones
The primary progestational substance that is naturally produced by the corpus luteum is ....
progesterone