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41 Cards in this Set

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Insulin Aspart (rDNA Origin)
Novolog
Lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production.

Treats diabetes mellitus. Very rapid-acting (onset 5-15 min, with peak 30-60 min)
Insulin Lispro (rDNA Origin)
Humalog
Lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production.

Treats diabetes mellitus. Very rapid-acting (onset 5-15 min, with peak 30-60 min)
Insulin Glulisine Injection (rDNA Origin)
Apidra
Lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production.

Treats diabetes mellitus. Very rapid-acting (onset 5-15 min, with peak 30-60 min)
Regular Insulin
Humulin R, Novulin R, Velosulin
Lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production.

Treatment of diabetes mellius. Can be used to treat diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
Insulin Zinc Suspension, Extended
(Ultralente Insulin)
Humulin U Ultralente
Lowering of blood glucose levels by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production.

Treats diabetes mellitus. Becasue of delayed/prolonged duration, can not be used in acute treatment of DKA. ER suspensions have onset of 4-6 hr, peak at 18-24
Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (NPH) Insulin
(Isophane Insulin Suspension)
Intermediate Type
Humulin N
Lowering of blood glucose levels by stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibiting hepatic glucose production.

Treats diabetes mellitus. Becasue of delayed/prolonged duration, can not be used in acute treatment of DKA. IM suspensions have onset of 1-2 hr and peak 4-12 hr.
Insulin Detemir
Levemir
Lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose update in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibits hepatic glucose production.

Also inhibits lipolysis and proteolysis, and enhanced protein synthesis.

Treates diabetes mellitus. Delated onset (1-2 hr) and prologed duration. Not for use of acute treatment of DKA.
Insulin Glargine
Lantus
Lowers blood glucose by stimulating glucose update in skeletal muscle and fat, inhibits hepatic glucose production.

Also inhibits lipolysis and proteolysis, and enhanced protein synthesis.

Treates diabetes mellitus. Delated onset (1-2 hr) and prologed duration. Not for use of acute treatment of DKA.
Pramlintide
Symlin
Slows the rate of gastric emptying, reducing the amount of glucose absorbed postprandially. Decreases the level of glucagon and reduces appetite.

Treates type 1 and 2 diabetes in conjunction w/ other antidiabetic agents.
Exenatide
Byetta
Mimics the action of incretin, which promotes insulin secretion from the pancreas, decreases absorption of glucose from the gut, decreases action of glucago, and decreases appetite.

Treats type 2 diabetes uncontrolled by metformin/sulfonylurea. Controls postprandial glucose levels.
Metformin
Fortamet
Glucophage
Glucophage XR
Decreases hepatic glucose production. Decreases intestinal glucose absorption. Increases sensitivity of the cell receptors to insulin.

Manages type 2 diabetes with diet, insulin, or sulfonylurea oral hypoglycemics.
Sitagliptin
Januvia
Inhibits the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which slows the inactivation of incretin hormones. These hormones are released by the intestine throughout the day and are involved in appetite control, increase in insulin release, and decrease in glucagon levels..

Used with diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in ppl with type 2 diabetes. Used alone or with metformin/thiazolidinedione
Repaglinide
Gluconorm
Prandin
Stimulates release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells by closing potassium channels, which opens calcium channels. This is followed by release of insulin. This is a secretagogue.

Treats type 2 diabets with diet/exercise. Used with metformin/rosiglitazone/pioglitazone
Nateglinide
Starlix
Stimulates release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells by closing potassium channels, which opens calcium channels. This is followed by release of insulin. This is a secretagogue.

Treats type 2 diabets with diet/exercise. Used with metformin/rosiglitazone/pioglitazone
Acarbose
Precose
Lowers blood glucose by inhibiting the enzyme alpha-glucosidase in the GI tract. Sucrose is not digested and passes through the GI tract unchanged.

Manages diabetes in conjunction with diet; may be used with insulin/other hypoglycemic agents
Miglitol
Glyset
Lowers blood glucose by inhibiting the enzyme alpha-glucosidase in the GI tract. Sucrose is not digested and passes through the GI tract unchanged.

Manages diabetes in conjunction with diet; may be used with insulin/other hypoglycemic agents
Glipizide
Glucotrol
Glucotrol XL
Lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas (secretagogues) and increasing the sensitivity to insulin at receptor sites.

Treats type 2 DM as an adjunct to diet therapy or in cases of insulin resistance.
Glimepiride
Amaryl
Lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas (secretagogues) and increasing the sensitivity to insulin at receptor sites.

Treats type 2 DM as an adjunct to diet therapy or in cases of insulin resistance.
Glyburide
DiaBeta
Micronase
Glynase PresTab
Lowers blood sugar by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas (secretagogues) and increasing the sensitivity to insulin at receptor sites.

Treats type 2 DM as an adjunct to diet therapy or in cases of insulin resistance.
Glucagon
GlucaGen
Stimulates hepatic production of glucose from glycogen stores. Relaxes the musculature of the GI tract, temporarily inhibiting movement. Has positive inotropin and chronotropic effect on the heart.

Used for acute management of severe hypoglycemia.
Rosiglitazone
Avandia
In insulin resistance, improves receptor affinity of cells for glucose.

Treats type 2 diabetes, as adjunct to diet and exercise. May be used alone or with other antidiabetic agents.
Pioglitazone
Actos
In insulin resistance, improves receptor affinity of cells for glucose.

Treats type 2 diabetes, as adjunct to diet and exercise. May be used alone or with other antidiabetic agents.
Levothyroxine
Levothroid
Levoxyl
Synthroid
Metabolism of all nutrients is increased, promoting cell grown and increased protein synthesis.

Replacement therapy in clients without thyroid hormone, or enhance diminished thyroid function. Used in neonates to correct inborn errors of metabolism (prevents developmental delay)
Liothyronine
Cytomel
Triostat
Metabolism of all nutrients is increased, promoting cell grown and increased protein synthesis.

Replacement therapy in clients without thyroid hormone, or enhance diminished thyroid function. Used in neonates to correct inborn errors of metabolism (prevents developmental delay)
Liotrix
Thyrolar
Metabolism of all nutrients is increased, promoting cell grown and increased protein synthesis.

Replacement therapy in clients without thyroid hormone, or enhance diminished thyroid function. Used in neonates to correct inborn errors of metabolism (prevents developmental delay)
Thyroid
Armour Thyroid
Metabolism of all nutrients is increased, promoting cell grown and increased protein synthesis.

Replacement therapy in clients without thyroid hormone, or enhance diminished thyroid function. Used in neonates to correct inborn errors of metabolism (prevents developmental delay)
Calcitonin (Salmon)
Calcimar
Miacalcin
Osteocalcin
Salmonine
Decrease serum calcium by direct effct on bone, kidney, and GI tract. Promotes renal excretion of calcium.

Treats Paget's disease of bone. Adjunctive therapy for hypercalcemia. Manages post-menopausal osteoporosis and hypercalcemia related to bone cancer.
Calcitonin (rDNA)
Fortical
Decrease serum calcium by direct effct on bone, kidney, and GI tract. Promotes renal excretion of calcium.

Treats Paget's disease of bone. Adjunctive therapy for hypercalcemia. Manages post-menopausal osteoporosis and hypercalcemia related to bone cancer.
Methimazole
Tapazole
Inhibits the synthesis of thyroid hormones.

Palliative treatment of hyperthyrodism. Adjunct to control hyperthyroidism in preparation for thyroidectomy or radioactive iodine therapy.
Propylthiouracil
PTU
Inhibits the synthesis of thyroid hormones.

Palliative treatment of hyperthyrodism. Adjunct to control hyperthyroidism in preparation for thyroidectomy or radioactive iodine therapy.
Cortisone
Cortisone
Suppressed inflammation and the normal immune response.

Systemic and local treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory diseases and conditions. Replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency.
Hydrocortisone
Cortef
Cortifoam
Solu-Cortef
Suppressed inflammation and the normal immune response.

Systemic and local treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory diseases and conditions. Replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency.
Methylprednisolone
Medrol
Solu-Medrol (IV)
PredPak
Suppressed inflammation and the normal immune response.

Systemic and local treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory diseases and conditions. Replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency.
Prednisone
Deltasone
Liquid Pred
Meticorten
Suppressed inflammation and the normal immune response.

Systemic and local treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory diseases and conditions. Replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency.
Fludrocortisone
Florinef
Causes sodium reabsorption, hydrogen and potassium excretion, and water retention by its effects on the distal renal tubule.

Treats sodium loss and hypotension associated with adrenocortical insufficiency.

Also treats idiopathic orthostatic hypotension.
Oxytocin
Pitocin
Syntocinon
Stimualtes uterine smooth muscle, producing uterine contractions similar to those in spontaneous labor. Contracts the uterus to squeeze closed the attached sites of the placenta, so it stops excess postpartum bleeding. Also stimulates mammary gland smooth muscle, facilitating lactation.

Used to induce labor at term, and as an abortive agent. Also for milk let-down in lactating women.

Also used for evaluation of fetal competence (Fetal stress test)
Desmopressin
DDAVP
DDAVP Rhinal Tube
DDAVP Rhinyle Drops
Octostim
Stimate
Analogs or derivatives of naturall occurring antiduretic hormone. The primary action is enhanced reabsorption of water in the kidneys.

Manages primary noctural enuresis unresponsive to other treatment modalities. Also treats diabetes insipidus caused by a deficiency.
Vasopressin
Pitressin
Analogs or derivatives of naturall occurring antiduretic hormone. The primary action is enhanced reabsorption of water in the kidneys.

Manages primary noctural enuresis unresponsive to other treatment modalities. Also treats diabetes insipidus caused by a deficiency.
Somatropin
Humatrope
Serostim
Produces skeletal and cellular growth.

Treatment of short stature in children with open epiphyses.
Octreotide
Sandostatin
Sandostatin LAR
Suppressed secretion of serotonin and gastroenterohepatic peptides. Increases absorption of fluid and electrolytes in the GI tract.

Treats severe diarrhea and flushing episodes in clients with GI endocrine tumors. Relief of symptoms of suppressed tumor growth in clients with pituitary tumors. Manages diarrhea in AIDS clients.
Megestrol
Megace
Antineoplastic effect may result from inhibition of pituitary function.

Palliative treatment of endometrial or breast carcinoma, either alone or with surgery or radiation (tabs only)