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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the six classes of nutrients?
• Carbohydrates
• Proteins
• Lipids
• Vitamins
• Minerals
• Water
Which of the following is characteristic of an essential nutrient?
Must be gotten from the diet
Gram for gram, which of the following provides the most energy?
Lipids (fats)
The RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) for nutrients is generally
Maximum amount standard needed for an individual.
Nutrient dense refers to foods that:
Have a lot of nutrients per calorie
List a few results of making poor health choices:
• Heart Disease
• Shorter life span
• Obesity
A child who developed a strong dislike of noodle soup after consuming some when she was sick with flu is an example of a food-related:
Negative Association
A person who eats a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day would be displaying a food choice most likely based on:
Habit
Functional foods is the term that defines foods that contain nonnutrient substances whose known action in the body is to promote well-being to a greater extent than that contributed by the food’s nutrients.
True
Which are the Macronutrients:
• Carbohydrates
• Proteins
• Lipids (fat)
The result of the metabolism of energy nutrients is that energy is released.
True
Most foods contain mixtures of the three energy nutrients, although only one or two may predominate.
True
Adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety is the general principle of diet planning.
True
An empty-kcalorie food is one that contains:
Excess of energy (nutrients)
Legumes Beans and peas are used as meat alternatives Because they contribute the same key nutrients, including iron and protein.
True
A characteristic of enriched grain products is they have 4 vitamins and 4 minerals added by the food manufacturer.
False
The “5 to 9 a Day” food campaign promotes increased consumption of:
Fruits & Vegetables
The most highly fortified foods on the market are breakfast cereals.
True
Serving sizes on food labels are not always the same as those of the USDA Food Guide nor are they always the size that most people normally eat.
True
According to U.S. food labeling regulations, clear and convincing evidence has been found for all of the following health claims regarding nutrition and disease except:
Sugar & Diabetes
What is mastication?
Chewing
Because of the secretion of the enzyme amylase, digestion process for dietary Carbohydrates begins in the:
Mouth
The sense of smell is 1,000s times more sensitive compared with the sense of taste.
True
A bolus is conducted from the mouth past the diaphragm through the:
Esophagus
What is the name given to partially digested food in the stomach?
Chyme
An important function of hydrochloric acid in digestion/absorption is that it kills bacteria.
True
What substance protects the stomach lining from damage due to digestive juices?
Mucous
The normal pH of the stomach during digestion is:
Very Acidic
Which of the following is generally not digested but does stimulate intestinal muscle contractions, which in turn helps pass waste material through the intestinal tract?
Fiber
What is the function of bile?
Emulsifies fat
One function of the pyloric sphincter is that it prevents the contents of the small intestine from backing up into the stomach.
True
To assist the process of digestion and absorption, it is usually best to combine different food types to enhance the absorption process.
True
Which of the following products of digestion is not normally absorbed directly into the bloodstream?
Fats