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21 Cards in this Set

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nutrient claims
-A claim that characterizes the level of a nutrient in a food directly or by implication, e.g. low fat, high fiber, contains 100 calories, good source (10-19% DV), High (≥20% DV)
health claims
-A claim that implies a relationship between the
presence or level of a substance in a food and a
disease or health-related condition
-e.g. may reduce the risk of osteoporosis
-must be FDA approved, but not adequately enforced
-Graded on a scale of A-D
FDA health claim: Grade A
-high confidence in claim; significant scientific agreement
-No disclaimer required
FDA health claim: Grade B
-moderate confidence in claim; evidence supportive but not conclusive
-required disclaimer: "Claim"- Although there is scientific evidence supporting this claim, the evidence is not conclusive
FDA health claim: Grade C
-low confidence in claim; evidence is limited and not conclusive
-required disclaimer: Some scientific evidence suggests “claim”. However, the FDA has determined that this evidence is limited and not conclusive
FDA health claim: Grade D
-extremely low confidence; little scientific evidence supporting this claim
-required disclaimer: Very limited scientific evidence suggests “claim”. The FDA concludes that there is little scientific evidence supporting this claim
structure/function claim
describe effect of a substance has on the structure or function of the body, *with no reference to disease
Do structure/function claims require FDA approval?
no
"May reduce the risk of osteoporesis." Is this a structure/function claim?
no, it references a disease... "Helps build strong bones" is a structure function claim
Saturated fats should compromise no more than __% of total fat.
10%
What type of fiber is health promoting?
whole grains
Does brown rice have a lower glycemic index than white rice?
no, but it does have more B1, B2, Fe2+, Mg2+ and fiber than white rice.
organic vs. natural foods:
-organic: generally free from synthetic pesticides, chemicals and fertilizers.
-natural: no legal definition; FDA discourages use of term
How much juice should children <6 months old consume? How about 1-6 years old?
-<6 months, none!
-1-6 yrs: 4-6 ounces/day
Atkins diet
-No insulin inducing foods; change body from CHO burner to a fat burner
-4 phases; slowly increase CHO content.
Zone diet
-hormone balancing- insulin:glucagon ratio, anti-inflamatory eiconsoids
-40:30:30_P:CHO:Fat
South Beach diet
-Low glycemic "good carbs"
-polyunsat, omega-3,-6 "good fats"
-3 phases
Protein Power diet
-High protein, low CHO
-M.D. authored
- 850-1000 kcal/day
-Kidney stress, CV disease, fatigue, weakness & irratibility
What is the basic premise of all fad diets?
insulin control... remember, meat can raise insulin more than CHOs
What fad diet actually has been shown to drop insulin levels?
Ornish vegetarian diet
how does low CHO intake cause depression?
decreases serotonin