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29 Cards in this Set

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Blinded
A type of review in which the peer reviewer is unaware of the author's identity, so personal influence is avoided.
Evidence-Based Practice
The use of the best scientific evidence, integrated with clinical experience and incorporating patient values and preferences in the practice of professional nursing care.
Evidence Based Practice Guideline
A guide for nursing practice that is the outcome of an unbiased, exhaustive review of the research literature, combined with clinical expert opinion and evaluation of patient preferences. It is generally developed by a team of experts.
External Validity
A study that can be confidently generalized to people, places, or situations other than those in the experiment.
Journal Club
A formally organized group that meets periodically to share and critique contemporary research in nursing, with a goal of both learning about the research process and finding evidence for practice.
Magnet Status
A designation for organizations that have characteristics that make them attractive to nurses as workplaces.
National Intitute of Nursing Research
(NINR)
A federal agency responsible for the support of nursing research by establishing a national research agenda, funding grants and research awards, and providing training.
Outcomes Measurement
Measurement of the end results of nursing care or other interventions; stated in terms of effects on patients' physiological condition, satisfaction, or psychosocial health.
Peer Review
The process of subjecting research to the appraisal of a neutral third party. Common processes include selecting research for conferences and evaluating research manuscripts for publication.
Principal Investigator
The individual who is primarily responsible for a research study and is responsible for all elements of the study, and is the first author listed on publications or presentations.
Quality Improvement
The systematic, data-based monitoring and evaluation of organizational processes with the end goal of continuous improvement. The goal is internal application rather than external generalization.
Randomized Control Trial
An experiment in which subjects are randomly assigned to groups, one of which receives an experimental treatment while another serves as a control group. The experiment has high internal validity so the researcher can draw conclusions regarding the effects of treatments.
Replication
Repeating a specific study in detail on a different sample. When a study has been repeated several times and similar results are found, the evidence can be used with more confidence
Systematic Review
A highly structured process of identifying, appraising, and summarizing research studies into guidelines for practice, characterized by objectivity that avoids bias.
Nursing Research
A systematic process of inquiry that uses rigorous guidelines to produce unbiased, trustworthy answers to questions about nursing process.
Nursing Process
A systematic process used by nurses to identify and address patient problems; include the stages of assessment, planning, intervention, and evaluation.
Applied research
Research to gain knowledge that has a practical application and contributes in some way to a modification of practice.
Basic Research
Theoretical, pure, fundamental, or bench research done to advance knowledge in a given subject area.
Cross-Sectional Methods
Studies conducted by looking at a single phenomenon across multiple populations at a single point in time
Experimental Research
Purpose is to test the effects of an intervention or treatment on selected outcomes. Strongest design for testing cause-and-effect relationships. Designs are characterized by highly structured protocols to eliminate bias.
Longitudinal Studies
Studies conducted by following subjects over a period of time with data collection occurring at prescribed intervals
Mixed Methods
Research approach that combines quantitative and qualitative elements; involves the measurable state of a phenomenon and the individual’s subjective response to it.
Paradigm
An overall belief system or way of viewing the nature of reality and the basis of knowledge.
Prospective Studies
Studies planned by the researcher for collection of primary data for the specific research study; implemented in the future.
Qualitative Research
The investigation of phenomena in a non-quantitative, in depth, and holistic fashion through the collection of narrative materials such as observations, interviews, and document analysis
Quantitative Research
The investigation of phenomena that lend themselves to test well-specified hypotheses through precise measurement and quantification of numeric data with statistical analysis
Quasi-Experimental Studies
Can not test cause and effect. Lacks one or more characteristics of a true experiment such as random assignment, a control group, or a comparison group. Researcher does not manipulate any variables!
Retrospective Studies
Studies that use secondary data that have already been collected about events that have already happened
Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks
Using a well-founded and well-referenced framework. Is necessary backbone of a research study. Lends credence to the study. Allows for comparisons across studies as well as building from or between studies. Assures a research study will be systematically designed.