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16 Cards in this Set

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pH
4.6-8.0
Protein
None
Glucose
None
Ketones
None
Blood
None
Bilirubin
None
Urobilinogen
None
Nitrite
None
Leukocyte esterase
None
Specific gravity
1.005-1.030
WBC (white blood cell count)
0-4 cells/hpf (high-power field)
RBC (red blood cell count)
0-3 cells/hpf (high-power field)
Epithelial cells
0-3 cells/hpf (high-power field) very large numbers indicate trauma within the urinary tract
Bacteria
Very small numbers are normal. Large numbers indicate infection
Casts (red cell, white cell, hyaline, granular, waxy, broad, or fatty)
None
Crystals
Amorphous urates, sodium urate, calcium carbonate, ammonium biurate, calcium phosphate, amorphous phosphates are reported when present. Any number is considered abnormal.