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8 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who lived in North American first?
20,000 years ago—Siberian hunters became first American inhabitants
14,000 years ago—humans reached tip of South America
These Paleo-Indians did not suffer from many communicative diseases
What were the three Environmental Challenges?
Food, Climate, and Culture
Give three examples of Environmental Challenges
Native Americans enjoyed an abundant supply of meat
Some suggest they over-hunted and caused the extinction of several large species
Climatic warming probably played a much bigger role
5000 years ago—agricultural revolution
Crops included maize, squash, and beans
Shift from nomadic hunting and gathering to permanent villages or large cities
How did the world transform?
Large numbers of whites profoundly altered native cultures
The rate of change varied from place to place
Native traditions changed radically for cultural survival
What was the beginnings of the slave trade?
Fifteenth-century Portuguese charted sea lanes from Europe to sub-Saharan Africa
Native rulers sold prisoners of war to Portuguese as slaves
How many slaves?
Seventeenth century—ca. 1000 Africans per year
Eighteenth century—5.5 million transported to the Americas
By 1860—ca. 11 million
Before 1831, more Africans than Europeans came to the Americas
Name some reasons why people traveled to America?
Rapid social change in seventeenth-century England
English population mobile
Different motives for immigration
Religious versus economic
Personal: to escape bad marriages, jail terms, or lifelong poverty
What are the four colonial subcultures
The Chesapeake
New England
Middle Colonies
The Carolinas