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35 Cards in this Set

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Sternocleidomastoid

IsolatedFunction: Concentrically accelerates cervical flexion, rotation, and lateralflexion


Over/UnderActive: Overactive when the head protrudes forward, and when shoulders elevate(pushing/pulling assessment)


Exercises: Resistedneck flexion exercise

Pectoralis Major

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates shoulder flexion, horizontal adduction and internal rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the arms fall forward in the Overhead Squat Assessment


Exercises: Chest Fly

Internal Obliques

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates spinal flexion, lateral flexion, and ipsilateral rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the low back arches in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Crunch with rotation

External Obliques

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates spinal flexion, lateral flexion, and contralateral rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when there is an excessive forward lean present in the Overhead Squat assessment


Exercises: Crunch with rotation

Rectus Abdominis

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates spinal flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when there is an excessive forward lean present in the Overhead Squat assessment


Exercises: Crunches

Transverse Abdominis

Isolated Function: Increases intra-abdominal pressureSupports the abdominal viscera


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the low back arches in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Prone-iso abs

Psoas

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip flexion and external rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when there is an excessive forward lean present in the Overhead Squat assessment


Exercises: Leg raises

Adductor Brevis

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip adduction, flexion, and internal rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the knees move inward in the Overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Side lunge

Adductor Magnus

Isolated Function: Anterior fibers- Concentrically accelerates hip adduction, flexion, and internal rotation. Posterior Fibers- Concentrically accelerates hip adduction, extension, and external rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the knees move inward in the Overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Side lunge

Adductor Longus

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip adduction, flexion, and internal rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the knees move inward in the Overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Side lunge

Sartorius

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip flexion, external rotation, and abductionConcentrically accelerates knee flexion and internal rotation rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the feet turn out in the Overhead Squat Assessment


Exercises: Squats

Rectus Femoris

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates knee extension and hip flexion


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the low back arches and there is an excessive forward lean in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Squats (at knee joint)

Vastus Lateralis

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates knee extension


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the knees move inward in the Overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Squats (at knee joint)

Vastus Medialis

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates knee extension


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the knees move inward in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Squats (at knee joint)

Gracilis

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip adduction, flexion, and internal rotationAssists in tibial internal rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the feet turn out in the Overhead Squat Assessment


Exercises: Side Lunge

Anterior Tibialis

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion


Over/Under Active: Underactive when there is an excessive forward lean in the overhead squat assessment.


Exercises:

Tensor Fascia Latae

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip flexion, abduction, and internal rotations


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the knees move inward, excessive forward lean, and low back arches in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Leg Raises

Upper Trapezius

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates cervical extension, lateral flexion, and rotationConcentrically accelerates scapular elevation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the shoulders elevate and the head protrudes forward during the pushing/pulling assessment


Exercises: Shoulder shrug

Middle Trapezius

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates scapular retraction


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the shoulders elevate and arms fall forward during the pushing/ pulling assessment


Exercises: Standing cable row

Lower Trapezius

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates scapular depression


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the shoulders elevate and arms fall forward during the pushing/ pulling assessment


Exercises: Cobra

Levator Scapulae

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates cervical extension, lateral flexion, and ipsilateral rotation when the scapulae is anchored. Assists in elevation and downward rotation of the scapulae


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the shoulders elevate and the head protrudes forward during the pushing/pulling assessment


Exercises: Shoulder shrug

Teres Minor


(Rotator Cuff)

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates shoulder external rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the arms fall forward in the overhead squat


Exercises: Cobra

Infraspinatus


(Rotator Cuff)

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates shoulder external rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the arms fall forward in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Rotator cuff internal rotation exercise

Subscapularis


(Rotator Cuff)

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates shoulder internal rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the arms fall forward in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Rotator cuff internal rotation exercise

Supraspinatus


(Rotator Cuff)

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates abduction of the arm


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the arms fall forward in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Scaption

Teres Major

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates shoulder internal rotation, adduction, and extension


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the arms fall forward in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Cable pull down

Rhomboids

Isolated Function: Concentrically produces scapular retraction and downward rotation Over/Under Active: Underactive when the arms fall forward in the overhead squat assessment. Exercises: Standing cable row

Latissimus Dorsi

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates shoulder extension, adduction, and internal rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the low back arches and the arms fall forward in the overhead squat assessment.


Exercises: Cable pull down

Gluteus Maximus

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip extension and external rotation


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the knees move inward, excessive forward lean and low back arches in the overhead squat assessment.


Exercises: Squats (at hip joint)

Gluteus Medius

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates hip abduction and internal rotation( anterior fibers)Concentrically accelerates hip abduction and external rotation ( posterior fibers)


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the knees move inward in the overhead squat assessment


Exercises: Tube walking

Biceps Femoris (short head)

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates knee flexion and tibial external rotation


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the feet turn out and the knees move inward in the overhead squat assessment.


Exercises: Leg curl

Popliteus

Isolated Function: Internal rotation of tibia on femur


Over/Under Active: Underactive when the feet turn out


Exercises:

Gastrocnemius

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion


Over/Under Active: Lateral side overactive and medial side underactive when feet turn out. Overactive when there is excessive forward lean


Exercises: Calf raise

Soleus

Isolated Function: Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion


Over/Under Active: Overactive when the feet turn out, and there is excessive forward lean in the overhead squat assessment.


Exercises: Calf raise

Erector Spinae: Iliocostalis, Longissimus, and Spinalis

Isolated Function: Spinal extension, rotation, and lateral flexion


Over/Under Active: Underactive when there is excessive forward lean, and overactive when the low back arches


Exercises: Back extension exercise