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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Bacteriology?
the study of bacteria
what is Mycology
the study of fungi
what are common infections caused by fungi?
yeast infection
what is the term for the study of bacteria?
Bacteriology
what is the term for the study of fungi?
Mycology
What is Parasitology?
the study of parasites
What is the term for the study of viruses?
Virology
what is virology?
the study of viruses
What is the term for the bacteria that lives inside of you?
Normal Flora
what is a pathogen?
An organism that causes disease in the Host
What are the 3 types of pathogens?
Opportunistic pathogens
Nosocomial infections
Community-acquired infections
what is the name for a pathogen that doesn't cause disease in people with intact immune systems, but could in someone with a weak immune system?
Opportunistic Pathogen
What is another term for a hospital aquired infection?
Nosocomial Infection
What is a term for an infection aquried outside of the hospital?
Community-Acquired infection
a differential stain which renders bacteria depending on their ability to retain stain complex after decoloration?
What is a Gram-Stain
Which stain is used to detect organisms of the mycobacteria genus?
Acid-Fast stain
which organisms cause TB?
mycobacteria
What are the three basic shape of bacteria?
Bacilli (RODS)
Cocci (Round)
Spirilla
which type of bacteria require oxygen for growth?
Aerobes
which bacteria do not tolerate atmospheric oxygen?
obligate-anaerobe
Which bacteria could grow under either aerobic or anaerobic?
Facultated
What level do agents that don't usually cause disease in people with normal immune function fall into?
Level 1
What level do HIV and Hepatitis-B fall into?
Level 2
What level do agents that are most commonly identified in patient specimens fall into?
Level 2
What level requires Air movement to be controlled and protective clothing to be used?
Level 3
What level requires Maximum protection from viruses with very high mortality rates?
Level 4
What is the term for the killing or destruction of all microorganisms?
Sterilization
What is the term for the process of destroying pathogens, but not necessarily all microbes?
Disinfection
What is the difference between Disinfection and Sterilization?
Sterilization is the killing or destruction of all microorganisms and Disinfection is the destruction of pathogens, but not all microbes
What are some disinfection and sterilization techniques used in Lab?
Open flame burners
AutoClave
Filtration
Bleach/Phenol
Incineration
What are some types of specimen collected in the micro lab?
Blood Puss
Body Fluids Tissue Chunks
Stool Body Swabs
Tissue
Should specimen collection be before, or after antibiotic treatment?
Before antibiotic treatment
What are some of the most common agar plates?
Blood Agar plate (RED)
&
Chocolate Agar plate (BROWN)
What are the purposes of Antibiotic susceptibility tests?
For Sensitivity and Resistence
what is sensitivity?
the ability of antibiotic to kill organism
what is resistance?
to make sure the antibiotic will not kill the organism
What is Bacteremia?
The presence of Bacteria in Blood
what is Transient Bacteremia?
Bacteria in Blood in abscence of Disease
What is Septicemia/Sepsis?
Bacteria/Toxin in blood causing damage to the host
what is fungemia?
the presence of fungus in blood?
What is the term for the inflamation or infection of the membrane that covers the brain and Spinal Cord?
Meningitis
What is meningitis?
the inflamation or infection of the membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord
What are 2 frequent causes of meningitis?
Neisseria menigitis (adults)
&
Strep. pneumonia (small kids)
What two groups are fungi seperated into?
Yeasts and molds
what are yeasts?
one celled organisms that reproduce by budding
What are the 4 main groups for Human parasites?
Protozoa, Platyhemnithes, Nematoda, Arthropoda