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29 Cards in this Set

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What is the function of the cerebrum?
The cerebrum processes conscious thought, memory, intellect, and the conscious and subconscious regulation of skeletal muscle

1. Conscious thought Processes, intellectual functions
2. Memory storage and processing
3. Conscious and subconscious regulation of skeletal muscle contractions
What is the function of the Pons?
1. Relays sensory information to cerebellum and thalamus
2. Subconscious somatic and visceral motor centers
What is the function of the cerebellum?
1. Coordinates complex somatic motor patterns
2. Adjusts output of other somatic motor centers in brain and spinal cord
The cerebrum develops from the embryonic _____________.
telencephalon
In the adult brain, which is the largest region?
Cerebrum
What is the subarachnoid space?
The subarachnoid space surrounds the brain, spinal cord, and cauda equina and is the space through which CSF flows
What are the arachnoid granulations?
Clusters of villi
Where the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid into the venous circulation occurs
What is the Choroid Plexus?
A network of specialized ependymal cells involved in the production of CSF
The CSF leaves the CNS and enters the circulation at the ____________.
arachnoid granulations
The CSF circulates within the _________.
subarachnoid space
What are some properties of CSF?
1. It protects the brain and spinal cord
2. It supports the brain
3. It circulates in the subarachnoid space
Which of these statements about the medulla oblongata is true?

A) It connects the brain and spinal cord.
B) It contains centers for respiration.
C) It is part of the brain stem.
D) All of these statements are true of the medulla oblongata.
All of these statements are true of the medulla oblongata.

1. It connects the brain and spinal cord.
2. It contains centers for respiration.
3. It is part of the brain stem.
Which of these is found in the pons?

A) respiratory control nuclei
B) nuclei for four cranial nerves
C) tracts to the cerebellum
D) All of these are found in the pons.
All of these are found in the pons.

1. respiratory control nuclei
2. nuclei for four cranial nerves
3. tracts to the cerebellum
Making rapid postural adjustments is a major function of the ___________.
Cerebellum
The huge, highly branched neurons known as Purkinje cells are found in the _____________.
Cerebellar Cortex
The Cerebellum _______________.
1. Has peduncles connecting to the cerebrum
2. Coordinates learned movement
3. Adjusts posture
Which structure connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres?
Corpus Callosum
What structure secretes the hormone melatonin?
Pineal Gland
Which of these is NOT a property of the epithalamus?

A) It is the location of the pineal gland
B) It is the roof of the 4th ventricle
C) It is the roof of the diencephalon
D) It is the location of the choroid plexus
It is the roof of the 4th ventricle
The largest component of the diencephalon is the ___________.
Thalamus
Which of these is NOT a property of the limbic system?

A) It is important in learning and memory
B) It regulates body temperature
C) It includes the hippocampus
D) It is central to our ability to experience emotions
It regulates body temperature
Which of the following cranial nerves is classified as mixed nerve?
Vagus Nerve (X)
Which of the following cranial nerves relays information regarding hearing, motion and balance?
Vestibulocochlear Nerve (VIII)
Which of the following cranial nerves innervates the tongue musculature?
Hypoglossal Nerves (XII)
The region of cerebrum anterior to the central sulcus is the __________ lobe.
Frontal
The region of the cerebral cortex inferior to the lateral sulcus is the ___________ lobe.
Temporal
The primary somatosensory cortex is found on the ______________.
Postcentral gyrus
The cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres by the ___________.
Longitudinal Fissure
Which of these cranial nerves does NOT carry motor impulses to the eyes?

A) Cranial Nerve IV
B) Cranial Nerve III
C) Cranial Nerve II
D) Cranial Nerve VI
Cranial Nerve II

(carries special sensory information)