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17 Cards in this Set

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Who wrote 'The Condition of the Working-Class in England'? When was it written and when was it published? How old were they when they wrote it?
It was written by Friedrich Engels in 1845 but only published in England 1892. He was 24.
What 4 questions should you ask of a text to place it in its Historical context?

> Who wrote it?


>When was it written?


>What type of document is it (Eg. is it official,

public, private ect.)?


>Who was it written for?










Who did Engels book influence & what ideology did he have an impression on?
Engels & Karl Marx became intellectual collaborators & went on to develop Marxism.
What is the Title and subtitle of Engels book on Manchester?

The Condition of the Working-Class in England:

From Personal Observation and Authentic Sources

What 'genra' is 'The Condition of the Working-Class in England Most' accurately placed in?
A Political Pamphlet of treaties
What are some key points in Engels biography?

He was born in 1820 in Germany to a Rhineland textile manufacturer. He was sent to Manchester in 1842 to gain experience in a textile firm, which his father was a partner of. Before we came to Manchester, who had been involved in radical politics in Germany.


What were marks and Engels views on human nature?

They believe that our social material circumstances shaped our characteristics as people and that human nature was mutable concept.

In the 1840s on average how many lbs of raw cotton was being imported to Britten annually? Where was most of it being spun?
555.7 million lbs were being imported, most of which would have been processed in Manchester and its surrounding industrial arias.
Why was Manchester of particular interest to contemporise looking at the condition of England?
It was a hub of the cotton industry in that it had the warehouses, transport networks & market (the Royal Exchange) to support the surrounding industrial towns. It also experienced a massive population boom. All this intense industrialisation meant that Mach. represented a new and alarming socio-industrial model.
Who wrote the pamphlet Manchester in 1844: Its Present Condition and future Prospects?
The French economist Leon Faucher
What did Engels say of Faucher's pamphlet?

a better account than any hitherto given either by an English or a German author’ Engles

What presses douse the cloth go through from being ordered to made?

"An order sent from Liverpool in the morning, is discussed by themerchants in the Manchester Exchange at noon, and in the evening isdistributed amongst the manufacturers in the environs.


In less thaneight days, the cotton spun at Manchester, Oldham, or Ashton, is woven in the sheds of Bolton, Stalybridge, or Stockport; dyed andprinted at Blackburn, Chorley, or Preston, and


finished, measured, and packed at Manchester." Faucher

How many People dide at Peterloo, when did it occur & what was being protested?
11 people died at St Peters field, Manchester, when a protest calling for electoral reform was violently broken up by solders in 1819.
What was the Great Reform Act and when was it enacted?
It gave most middle-class and some working-class men the vote

What, & when, were the Plug Strikes?
In 1842 an economic down turn led to wage reductions whish the strike was protesting. It was so called because to strikes removed the plugs from the machineries boilers to stop them form working.
Who wrote the first major report on Manchester and why?
James Phillip Kay, physician at Ardwick and Ancoats Dispensary in 1828 by May 1832 he was called upon to wright a report on the cholera epidemic which had reach Manchester.
Who admired Thomas Carlyle?

Engels and Dickens