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321 Cards in this Set

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Where and how does the femoral artery begin? p67
At the midinguinal point, as the continuation of the external iliac artery
Where and how does the femoral artery end? p67
At the opening into the adductor magnus, to become the popliteal
Define the surface anatomy of the femoral artery p70
Upper 2/3 of a line drawn from the midinguinal point to the adductor tubercle
Name the regions through which the femoral artery passes p67
Femoral triangle and adductor canal
Enumerate the superficial branches of the femoral artery p71
Superficial circumflex iliac, superficial epigastric and superficial external pudendal.
Name the medial and lateral relations at the beginning of the femoral artery p59,60
Femoral vein just medially,
femoral nerve laterally
State the relation of the femoral artery to the saphenous opening p55
it lies just behind the lateral margin of the opening
Name the compartment of the femoral sheath in which the femoral artery lies p60
lateral component
Name the branch of the femoral artery that reaches the knee p71
descending genicular artery
Enumerate the branches of the profunda femoris artery that reach the back of the thigh p72
medial circumflex femoral and 4 perforating
Mention the anastomoses in which the profunda femoris artery shares p74,75, 174
cruciate anastomosis, anastomosis around the knee and anastomosis around the anterior superior iliac spine, trochanteric anastomosis
State how the profunda femoris artery ends p72
as the 4th perforating artery
at what level does the profunda femoris artery arise?
about 5 cm below the inguinal ligament
Mention the relations of the femoral vein at the inguinal ligament p60
femoral canal medially, and femoral artery laterally
describe the relations of the femoral vein to the saphenous opening p55
it is fully exposed in the opening, only covered by the cribriform fascia
Name the tributary of the femoral vein in the saphenous opening p55
great saphenous vein
name the lymph nodes that lie alongside the upper part of the femoral vein p162
deep inguinal nodes
How does the great saphenous vein end p55
ends into the femoral vein by hooking around the lower margin of the saphenous opening
where can you locate the great saphenous vein easily p158
in front of the medial malleolus
give the name and origin of the nerve accompanying the great saphenous vein p66
saphenous nerve, from the femoral nerve
How does the great saphenous vein communicate with the deep vein p160
through perforating veins that pierce the deep fascia
what is the clinical importance of the great saphenous vein p160
may become dilated and tortuous giving rise to varicose veins
Give the origin of the lateral circumflex femoral artery p72
from the profunda femoris artery
enumerate the branches of the lateral circumflex femoral artery p72
ascending, descending, and transverse
where can you find the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery p79
along the anterior border of vastas lateralis
Name the anastomoses in which the lateral circumflex femoral artery shares p72, 74, 75
cruciate anastomosis, anastomosis at the anterior superior iliac spine,anastomosis around the knee
give the beginning and end of the popliteal artery p110, 112, 114
from the opening into the adductor magnus, to the lower border of popliteus
state the position of the popliteal artery in the upper 1/3 of popliteal fossa p114
it is the deepest structure, in contact with the back of the femur
name the branches of the popliteal artery in the popliteal fossa p114
superior and inferior lateral genicular, superior and inferior medial genicular and middle genicular
give the name and level of origin of the terminal branches of the popliteal artery p112, 114
anterior and posterior tibial, at lower border of popliteus
Enumerate the deep relations of the popliteal artery p112
popliteal surface of femur, capsule of knee joint and popliteus
How does the short saphenous vein end? p115
joins the popliteal vein in the popliteal fossa
where can you locate the short saphenous vein? p158
behind the lateral malleolus and between the 2 heads of gastrocnemius
name the nerve accompanying the short saphenous vein and give its origin p158
sural nerve from the medial popliteal
give the origin of the anterior tibial artery and where it begins p114, 121
from the popliteal artery, at the lower border of popliteus
State how the anterior tibial artery reaches the anterior compartment of the leg p121
by passing through the interosseous membrane
name the branches of the anterior tibial artery which join the anastomosis around the ankle p121
medial and lateral malleolar
enumerate the branches of the anterior tibial artery which join the anastomosis around the knee p121
anterior and posterior tibial recurrents
where can you feel the pulsation of the dorsal pedis artery? p144
just lateral to the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus
how does the dorsalis pedis artery end p144, 145
reaches the sole through the 1st interosseious space to join the plantar arch
enumerate the branchees of the dorsalis pedis artery on the dorsum of the foot p144
tarsal, arcuate and 1st dorsal metatarsal
name the terminal branches of the posterior tibial artery and state where do they arise p 163 154 135
medial and lateral plantar, arise deep to the flexor retinaculum
name the principal branch of the posterior tibial artery in the leg p139
peroneal artery
enumerate the branches of the posterior tibial artery which join the anastomosis around the ankle p139 p200
medial malleolar and medial calcenean
give the origin and end of the peroneal artery p139, p140
arises from the posterior tibial and ends as the perforating artery
state the relation of the peroneal artery to the fibula p140
runs in contact with it deep to the flexor hallucis longus
give the origin and root value of the femoral nerve p64
from the lumbar plexus: L 2,3,4 (dorsal divisions)
enumerate the cutaneous branches of the femoral nerve p66
medial cutaneous, intermediate cutaneous and saphenous
state the muscular distribution of the femoral nerve in the thigh p65
to quadriceps, sartorius and pectineus
mention the relation of the femoral nerve to the femoral sheath p60
lies outside the sheath
give the relation of the femoral nerve to the femoral artery p60
lies lateral to the artery
name the vessels accompanying the saphenous nerve p66, 71, 158
femoral artery and great saphenous vein
enumerate the regions in which the saphenous nerve passes p66
femoral triangle, adductor canal, medial side of leg and medial side of foot
give the origin and root value of the obturator nerve (anterior division) p88
from the lumbar plexus : L2,3,4 (ventral divisions)
where can u demonstrate the obturator nerve (anterior division) p89
between the adductor longus and brevis
Enumerate the muscles supplied by the obturator nerve (anterior division) p 88, 89
adductor longus, adductor brevis and gracilis
how does the obturator nerve (anterior division) leave the pelvis
through the obturator canal
name the muscles supplied by the obturator nerve ( posterior division)
obturator externus and pubic part of the adductor magnus
where can you locate the obturator nerve (posterior division)
between the adductor brevis and magnus
give the origin of the sciatic nerve
from the sacral plexus
mention the bone to which the sciatic nerve comes in direct contact
back of the ischium
how does the sciatic nerve leave the pelvis
through the greater sciatic foramen below the piriformis
enumerate the muscles lying deep to the sciatic nerve
tendon of obturator internus, 2 gamelli, quadratus femoris and adductor magnus
name the muscles supplied by the sciatic nerve
ischial part of the adductor magnus, biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus
name the terminal divisions of the sciatic nerve and state where do they arise p107
medial and lateral popliteal, at the middle of the back of the thigh
define the relation of the lateral popliteal nerve to the biceps femoris muscle
the nerve lies alongside its medial border
where does the lateral popliteal nerve end?
on the lateral side of the neck of the fibula
enumerate the cutaneous branches of the lateral popliteal nerve
sural communicating and lateral cutaneous nerve of calf
name the articular branches of the lateral popliteal nerve
superior and inferior lateral genicular and recurrent genicular
mention the deformity resulting from the damage of the lateral popliteal nerve
plantar flexion (drop-foot) and inversion of foot
enumerate the muscles supplied by the superficial peroneal nerve
peroneus longus and brevis
state the contaneous distribution of the superficial peroneal nerve
skin of the lower part of the front of the leg, and most of the dorsum of the foot and toes
name the muslce which crosses superficial to the deep peroneal nerve
extensor hallucis longus
enumerate the muslces supplied by the deep peroneal nerve
tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum brevis
state the cutaneous distribution of the deep peroneal nerve
to the adjacent sides of the 1st and 2nd toes
name the deformity resulting from damage of the deep peroneal nerve
'drop foot' and weakened inversion
enumerate the muscular branches of the medial popliteal nerve in the popliteal fossa
to gastrocnemius, plantaris, soleus and popliteus
enumerate the branches of the medial popliteal nerve to the knee joint
superior medial genicular, inferior medial genicular and middle genicular
describe the relation of the medial popliteal nerve to the popliteal vessels
at first lateral to the vessels, crosses superficial, then comes medial to them
name the muscles supplied by the posterior tibial nerve
tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, soleus, flexor hallucis longus
where and how does the posterior tibial nerve end?
deep to the flexor retinaculum by dividing into medial and lateral plantar branches
give the origin of the rectus femoris muscle
by straight head from the anterior inferior iliac spine, and reflected head from the groove just above the acetabulum
give the insertion of the rectus femoris muscle
through the patella and ligamentum patellae
name the nerve supply of the rectus femoris muscle
femoral nerve
give the origin of the vastus lateralis
from the root of the greater trochanter, gluteal tuberosity, and linea aspera
name the artery running along the anterior border of the vastus lateralis
descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery
name the nerve supply of the vastus lateralis
femoral nerve
give the origin of the vastus medialis
from the intertrochanteric line, spiral line, linea aspera and medial supracondylar line
name the nerve supply of vastus medialis
femoral nerve
describe the direction of the lowermost fibres
horizontal and attached to the patella
give the origin of the sartorius
from the anterior superior iliac spine
give the insertion of the sartorius
into the upper part of the medial surface of the tibia
name the nerve supply of the sartorius
femoral nerve
state the action of the sartorius
a) flexes the knee and rotates the leg medially
b) flexes the hip and rotates the thigh laterally
describe the relation of the sartorius to the femoral triangle and adductor canal
from the lateral boundary of the triangle and roof of the canal
give the insertion of the iliopsoas muscle
into the lesser trochanter
give the origin of the iliopsoas muscle
the psoas major from the lumbar vertebrae and the intervertebral discs, the iliacus from the iliac fossa
give the action of the iliopsoas muscle
flexor of the hip and medial rotator of the thigh
give the origin of the pectineus
from the pectineal line (pecten pubis) and pectineal surface of the pubis
give the insertion of the pectineus
into the vertical line extending from the lesser trochanter to linea aspera
name the nerve supply of the pectineus
femoral and obturator nerves
name the muscles related to the pectineus in the femoral triangle
adductor longus (medially) and the iliopsoas (laterally)
Givie the origin of the adductor longus
from the front of the body of pubis just below the pubic tubercle
State the action of the adductor longus
adductor, flexor and lateral rotator of the thigh
give the insertion of the adductor longus
into the middle 2/4 of linea aspera
Name the nerve supply of the adductor longus
anterior division of the obturator nerve
state the relation of the adductor longus to the femoral and profunda arteries
its insertion lies behind the femoral artery but in front of the profunda
mention the relation of the adductor longus to the femoral triangle and adductor canal
forms the medial boundary of the triangle and floor of the canal
what is the clinical importance of the adductor longus
its tendon of origin serves as a guide to the pubic tubercle
give the origin of the adductor brevis
from the front of the body of the pubis
give the insertion of the adductor brevis
into the upper part of the linea aspera
name the nerve supply of the adductor brevis
anterior division of the obturator nerve
describe the action of the adductor brevis
adductor, flexor and lateral rotator of the thigh
what is the relation of the adductor brevis to the obturator nerve
the anterior division is superficial while the posterior division is deep to it
give the origin of the adductor magnus
pubic part from the side of the pubic arch and ischial part from the ischial tuberosity
give the insertion of the adductor magnus
into the gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera, medial supracondylar line and adductor tubercle
name the nerve supply of the adductor magnus
the pubic part from the posterior division of obturator, and the ischial part from the sciatic nerve
what is the action of the adductor magnus
the pubic part is adductor while the ischial part is extensor to the hip
state the relation of the adductor magnus to the femoral artery
it is pierced by the artery at the lower 1/3 of the thigh
what is the bone felt when tracing the tendon of insertion of the adductor magnus to its end
the adductor tubercle on the medial condyle of the femur
Give the origin of the gracilis
from the front of the body of pubis and side of the pubic arch (adjacent to symphysis pubis)
give the insertion of the gracilis
into the upper part of the medial surface of the tibia
what is the nerve supply of the gracilis
anterior division of the obturator nerve
state the action of the gracilis
a) Adducts the thigh
b) Flexes the knee and rotates the leg medially
Give the origin of the tnesor fascia latae
from the anterior 5cm of the outer lip of iliac crest
give the insertion of the tensor fascia latae
into the anterior border of the iliotibial tract
name the nerve supply of the tensor fascia latae
superior gluteal nerve
give the origin of the gluteus maximus
from the back of the sacrum, gluteal surface of ilium behind the posterior gluteal line, and sacrotuberous ligament
give the insertion of the gluteus maximus
from the back of the sacrum, gluteal surface of ilium behind the posterior gluteal line, and sacrotuberous ligament
give the insertion of the gluteus maximus
into the posterior border of the iliotibial tract and into the gluteal tuberosity
what is the nerve supply of the gluteus maximus
inferior gluteal nerve
give the action of the gluteus maximus
main extensor of the hip joint
enumerate the bony parts underneath the gluteus maximus
ischial tuberosity and greater trochanter
enumerate the ligaments deep to the gluteus maximus
sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments
enumerate the vessels deep to the gluteus maximus
superior and inferior gluteal, and internal pudendal
give the origin of the gluteus medius
from the gluteal surface of the ilium between the posterior and anterior gluteal lines
give the insertion of the gluteus medius
into the lateral surface of the greater trochanter
name the nerve supply of the gluteus medius
superior gluteal nerve
what is the action of the gluteus medius
abduction of the hip joint
what is the effect of paralysis of the gluteus medius
failure of abduction of hip joint "waddling gait"
Enumerate the structures exposed when the gluteus medius is reflected
gluteus minimus, superior gluteal nerve, deep branch of superior gluteal artery
give the origin of the gluteus minimus
from the gluteal surface of ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines
give the insertion of the gluteus minimus
into the fron of the greater trochanter
give the nerve supply of the gluteus minimus
abduction of the thigh
give the origin of the piriformis
from the front of the middle 3 pieces of the sacrum
give the insertion of the piriformis
into the top of the greater trochanter
enumerate the structures passing above the piriformis
superior gluteal nerve and vessels
enumerate the structures passing below the piriformis to enter the lesser sciatic foramen
internal pudendal artery, pudendal nerve and nerve to obturator internus
give the origin of the biceps femoris
the long head from the ischial tuberosity and the short head from the linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line
give the insertion of the biceps femoris
into the head of the fibula
name the ligament related to the insertion of the biceps femoris
fibular collateral ligament
give the nerve supply of the biceps femoris
sciatic nerve
give the action of the biceps femoris
flexes the knee and rotates the leg laterally
state the relation of the biceps femoris to the popliteal fossa
forms its upper lateral boundary
name hte nerve related to the tendon of insertion of the biceps femoris
common peroneal nerve
give the origin of the semimembranosus
from the ischeal tuberosity (upper lateral area)
give the insertion of the semimembranosus
into the groove of the back of the medial condyle of the tibia
give the nerve supply of the semimembranosus
sciatic nerve
give the action of the semimembranosus
flexes the knee and rotates the leg medially
what is the relation of the semimembranosus to the popliteal fossa
forms part of its upper medial boundary
give the origin of the semitendinosus
from the ischial tuberosity (combined with the long head of biceps)
give the insertion of the semitendinosus
into the upper part of the medial surface of tibia
give the nerve supply of the semitendinosus
sciatic nerve
give the action of the semitendinosus
flexes the knee and rotates the leg medially
where can you feel the tendon of the semitendinosus
in the upper medial boundary of the popliteal fossa
Name the muscles inserted into the iliotibial tract
gluteus maximus, tensor fascia latae
give the insertion of the iliotibial tract
into the anterolateral surface of the lateral condyle of the tibia
state the function of the iliotibial tract
steadies the pelvis on the femur, and the femur on hte tibia (keeps the hip and knee joints fully extended)
Give the attachment of the ligamentum patellae
from the patella to the tibial tuberosity
mention the posterior relations of the ligamentum patellae
deep infrapatellar bursa and infrapatellar pad of fat
at what position of the knee do the cruciate ligaments become tight
the anterior is tight in extension, while the posterior is tight in flexion of the knee
give the attachments of the cruciate ligaments
from the intercondylar area of tibia to the intercondylar notch of femur
enumerate the main structures present inside the knee joint
cruciate ligaments, 2 menisci and tendon of popliteus
give the origin of the popliteus
from a groove on the lateral condyle of femur below the epicondyle
give the insertion of the popliteus
into the back of the tibia above the soleal line
describe the action of the popliteus
flexion and medial rotation of the leg (unlocking of knee)
name the nerve supply of the of the popliteus
medial popliteal nerve (tibial nerve)
Define the relation of the popliteus to the knee joint
its tendon of origin passes inside the knee
give the origin of the peroneus longus
from the upper 2/3 of the lateral sufrace of the fibula
give the insertion of the peroneus longus
in the base of the 1st metatarsal and in the medial cuneiform bone
describe the action of the peroneus longus
plantar flexion and eversion of the foot
name the nerve supply of the peroneus longus
superficial peroneal nerve
state how the tendon of the peroneus longus enters the sole
from the lateral border of the foot through the groove on the cuboid bone
name the layer of the sole in which the peroneus longus lies
4th layer
name the main joints on which the peroneus longus acts
ankle and subtalar joints
give the origin of the peroneus brevis
from the lower 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula
give the insertion of the peroneus brevis
into the tuberosity of the base of the 5th metatarsal bone
give the action of the peroneus brevis
plantar flexion and elevation of the foot
name the nerve supply of the peroneus brevis
superficial peroneal
name the joints which the peroneus brevis moves
ankle and subtalar joints
give the origin of the gastrocnemius
the lateral head from the lateral surface of the lateral condyle of the femur, while the medial head from the popliteal surface of the femur just above the medial condyle
give the insertion of the gastrocnemius
by tendocalcaneus into the back of the calcaneus
give the nerve supply of the gastrocnemius
medial popliteal nerve
describe the action of the gastrocnemius
plantar flexion of foot and provides the propelling force in walking
describe the role of gastrocnemius in supracondylar fracture of the femur
leads to flexion of the fractured lower segment, thus exposing the popliteal artery to injury
Give the origin of the soleus
from the back of the upper 1/3 of the fibula, from the soleal line and middle 1/3 of the back of tibia
give the insertion of the soleus
by tendocalcaneus into the back of the calcaneus
describe the function of the soleus
plantar flexion of foot and steadies the leg on the foot in standing
name the nerve supply of the soleus
by 2 branches from the tibial nerve (one while in the popliteal fossa and one while in the leg)
give the origin of the flexor digitorum longus
from the back of the tibia below the popliteus, medial to the vertical line
give the insertion of the flexor digitorum longus
into the bases of the distal phalanges of the lateral 4 toes
name the nerve supply of the flexor digitorum longus
from the tibial nerve in the leg
give the action of the flexor digitorum longus
flexes I/P and M/P joints of toes and plantar flexor of foot
in which layer of the sole can you demonstrate the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus
in the 2nd layer
name the muscles attached to the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus in the sole
flexor accessorius and 4 lumbricals
enumerate the bones with whic the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus comes in direct contact
back of the medial malleolus and medial side of sustentaculum tali
name the muscles which cross the tendon of insertion of the flexor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior (in leg) and flexor hallucis longus (in sole)
give the origin of the tibialis posterior
from the back of the tibia (lateral to the vertical line), from the fibula and interosseous membrane
give the insertion of the tibialis posterior
into the tuberosity of the navicular and all other tarsal bones except the talus
give the nerve supply of the tibialis posterior
tibial nerve in the leg
describe the action of the tibialis posterior
inversion and plantar flexion of the foot
name the joints on which the tibialis posterior acts
ankle and subtalar joints
in which layer of the sole can you find the tendon of the tibialis posterior
in the 4th layer
state the relation of the tibialis posterior to the medial malleolus
liese in a groove on the back of the malleolus
mention the relation of the tendon of the tibialis posterior to the ligaments of the foot
superficial to the deltoid ligament and below the spring ligament
name the nerve and vessels related to the tibialis posterior
tibial nerve and posterior tibial vessels run superficial to it
give the origin of the flexor hallucis longus
from the back of the fibula
give the insertion of the flexor hallucis longus
into the base of the terminal phalanx of the big toe
describe the action of the flexor hallucis longus
flexes I/P and M/P joints of big toe
name the nerve supply of the flexor hallucis longus
tibial nerve in the leg
name the bones with which the tendon of the flexor hallucis longus comes in direct contact
back of the talus and under surface of the sustenaculum tali
name the artery related to the flexor hallucis longus in the leg
peroneal artery
in which layer of hte sole does the tendon of the flexor hallucis longus lie
in the 2nd layer
how does the extensor hallucis brevis arise
it is a slip from the extensor digitorum brevis
give the insertion of the extensor hallucis brevis
into the base of the proximal phalanx of the big toe
give the nerve supply of the extensor hallucis brevis
deep peroneal nerve
give the origin of the flexor digitorum brevis
from the medial tubercle of the calcaneus
give the insertion of the flexor digitorum brevis
into the middle phalanges of the lateral 4 toes
name the nerve supply of the flexor digitorum brevis
medial plantar nerve
name the covering deep fascia of the flexor digitorum brevis
plantar aponeurosis
name the muscles on the lateral and medial borders of the flexor digitorum brevis
abductor hallucis (medially) and abductor digiti minimi (laterally_
Give the origin of the abductor hallucis
from the medial tubercle of the calceneus and from the flexor retinaculum
give the insertion of the abductor hallucis
into the base of the proximal phalanx of the big toe
give the nerve supply of the abductor hallucis
medial plantar nerve
give the origin of the flexor digitorum accessorius
from the medial and lateral sides of the calceneus
give the insertion of the flexor digitorum accessorius
into the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus
give the nerve supply of the flexor digitorum accessorius
lateral plantar nerve
mention the layer of the sole in which the flexor digitorum accessorius lies
2nd layer
in which layer of the sole does the tendon of the peroneus longus lie
4th layer
name the ligament which crosses over the tendon of the peroneus longus as it runs on the cuboid bone
long plantar ligament
Name the structures attached to the iliac crest
outer lip:
-Anterior 1/2: external oblique of abdomen (insertion)
- Anterior 5 cm: tensor fascia latae *origin
- Posterior 1/3: latissimus dorsi (origin)
- Tubercle of iliac crest: iliotibial tract
- Intermediate area (anterior 2/3) ; internal oblique (origin)
Inner lip:
-anterior 2/3: transversus abdominis (origin)
-posterior 1/3: quadratus lumborum (origin)
Name the structures attached to the anterior inferior iliac spine
straight head of the rectus femoris and iliofemoral ligament
Name the structures attached to the anterior superior iliac spine
sartorius and inguinal ligament
Name the structures attached to the groove just above the acetabulum
reflected head of the rectus femoris
Name the structures attached to the iliac fossa
iliacus muscle
Name the structures attached to the gluteal surface
- area behind the posterior gluteal line: gluteus maximus

- area between the posterior and anterior lines: gluteus medius

- area between the anterior and inferior lines: gluteus minimus
Name the structures attached to the margin of the acetabulum
labrum acetabulare
Name the structures attached to the pectineal line (pecten pubis)
pectineus and conjoint tendon
Name the structures attached to the pectineal surface of the superior ramus of the pubis
origin of the pectineus
Name the structures attached to the pubic tubercle
inguinal ligament
Name the structures attached to the area just below the pubic tubercle
adductor longus muscle (origin)
Name the structures attached to a strip on the anterior surface of the pubis just close to the symphysis pubis
gracilis (origin)
Name the structures attached to the area just around the obturator foramen (from outside)
obturator externus
Name the structures attached to the area extending on the ischial ramus and ischial tuberosity (from outside)
adductor magnus (origin)
Name the structures attached to the ischial tuberosity
origin of the hamstring muscles
Name the structures attached to the lesser sciatic notch
for passage of the tendon of obturator internus muscle
Name the structures attached to the margins of the lesser sciatic notch
origin of 2 gemelli
Name the structures attached to the pit on the head of the femur
for ligamentum teres of head
Name the structures attached to the faint groove on the back of the neck of the femur, near its middle
for the tendon of obturator externus
Name the structures attached to the intertrochanteric line
iliofemoral ligament, capsule of hip joint and vastus lateralis and medialis
Name the structures attached to the quadrate tubercle
quadratus femoris
Name the structures attached to the oblique ridge on the lateral aspect of the greater trochanter
gluteus medius (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the top of the greater trochanter
piriformis (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the area on the anterior aspect of the greater trochanter
gluteus minimus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the medial surface of the greater trochanter (edge of the trochanteric fossa)
obturator internus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the trochanteric fossa of the lesser trochanter
obturator externus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the line from the lesser trochanter to the linea aspera
upper part: pectineus (insertion)
lower part: adductor brevis (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the gluteal tuberosity
laterally:
1. Gluteus maximus (insertion)
2. Vastus lateralis (origin)
Medially:
adductor magnus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the upper 2/3 of the anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft
vastus intermedius (origin)
Name the structures attached to a curved line convex upwards on the front of the femur 5 cm above the condyles
upper limit of suprapatellar bursa
Name the structures attached to the lateral supracondylar line
short head of biceps (origin)
Name the structures attached to the medial supracondylar line
adductor magnus (insertion
vastas medialis (origin from the upper part of the line)
Name the structures attached to the smooth area at the upper end of the medial supracondylar line
for passage of femoral vessels to become the popliteal vessels
Name the structures attached to a rough area just above the lateral condyle
plantaris (origin)
Name the structures attached to a rough area just above the medial condyle
medial head of gastrocnemius (origin)
Name the structures attached to the lateral epicondyle
fibular collateral ligament
Name the structures attached to the depression above and behind the lateral epicondyle
lateral head of gastrocnemius (origin)
Name the structures attached to the groove below the epicondyle
origin of popliteus
Name the structures attached to the inner surface of the lateral condyle (in the intercondylar notch)
upper attachment of the anterior cruciate ligament
Name the structures attached to the medial epicondyle
tibial collateral ligament
Name the structures attached to the adductor tubercle
adductor magnus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the inner surface of the medial condyle (in the intercondylar notch)
upper attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament
Name the structures attached to the base and margins of the patella
quadriceps femoris (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the larger articular facet of the patella
for articulation with the lateral condyle of the femur
Name the structures attached to the the smaller articular facet of the patella
for articulation with the medial condyle of the femur
Name the structures attached to the intercondylar area of the tibia
-most posterior part: posterior cruciate ligament
-most anterior part: anterior end of the medial meniscus
Name the structures attached to the tuberosity of the tibia
ligamentum patellae
Name the structures attached to the impression on the anterolateral surface of the tibia
iliotibial tract
Name the structures attached to the groove on the back of the medial condyle of the tibia
semimembranosus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the medial margin of the upper end of the tibia
tibial collalteral ligament
Name the structures attached to the fact on the undersurfaceof the posterolateral part of the tibia
for head of fibula (superior tibiofibular joint)
Name the structures attached to the groove on the back of the medial malleolus (close to the margin)
tibialis posterior
Name the structures attached to the lower border of the medial malleolus p197
deltoid ligament
Name the structures attached to the fibular notch
for interosseous tibiofibular ligament (inferior tibiofibular joint)
Name the structures attached to the upper part of the medial surface of the shaft of the tibia
sartorius, gracilis, semitendinosus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the upper 2/3 of the lateral surface of the tibia
tibialis anterior (origin)
Name the structures attached to the upper part of the back of the tibia above the soleal line
popliteus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the area lateral to the vertical line on the back of the shaft
tibialis posterior (origin)
Name the structures attached to the area medial to the vertical line on the back of the shaft
flexor digitorum longus (origin)
Name the structures attached to the apex of the fibula
fibular collateral ligament of the knee and biceps femoris (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the facet on the head of the fibula
for superior tibiofibular joint
Name the structures attached to the linear mark on the lateral surface of the neck of the fibula
for common peroneal nerve
Name the structures attached to the upper 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula
peroneus longus (origin)
Name the structures attached to the lower 1/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula
peroneus brevis (origin)
Name the structures attached to the rough triangular area on the medial surface just above the lower end
for interosseous tibiofibular ligament (inferior tibiofibular joint)
Name the structures attached to the articular facet of the fibula
for lateral surface of talus (for ankle joint)
Name the structures attached to the malleolar fossa
for posterior tibiofibular and posterior talofibular ligaments
Name the structures attached to the tip of the lateral malleolus
calcaneofibular ligament
Name the structures attached to the groove on the posterior aspect of the fibula
tendons of the peroneus longus and brevis
Name the structures attached to the groove on the back of the talus
for flexor hallucis longus
Name the structures attached to the trangular facet on the lateral aspect of the talus
for lateral malleolus
Name the structures attached to the comma-shaped facet on the medial aspect
for medial malleolus
Name the structures attached to the facet on the top of the head
for navicular bone
Name the structures attached to the facet on the undersurface of the head
for the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus
Name the structures attached to the groove on the undersurface of the sustentaculum tali
for flexor hallucis longus
Name the structures attached to the back of the calcaneus
tendo-calcaneus (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the facet on the anterior end of the calceneus
for cuboid bone
Name the structures attached to the tuberoisty of the 5th metatarsal bone
peroneus brevis (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the base of the 5th metatarsal bone (dorsal surface)
peroneus tertius (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the tuberosity of the navicular bone
tibialis posterior (insertion)
Name the structures attached to the groove on the plantar surface of the cuboid bone
for peroneus longus