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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)


+ Creates a musical effect

+ Interesting and appealing

+ Easier to remember

+ Provides flow and beauty

A number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.

The seahorse sought safety and solace.


+ Appeals directly to the senses

+ Sharpens imaginations

+ Gives a life-like quality poetry

+ Offers fresh ways of viewing things

Uses an image or idea to represent something else

The circus was a magnet for the children


+ Gives a deeper meaning

+ Adds vividness to expressions

+ Brings inanimate things to life

+ Easier to relate to something that is human

+ Encourages us to develop a new perspective

A figure of speech in which a thing – an idea, object, place or animal – is given human attributes


+ Creates an amusing effect

+ Emphasises meaning

+ Makes common human feelings remarkable

+ Develops contrasts

+ Catch the reader’s attention

Involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis

It is simply out of this world


+ Develop readers’ interest

+ Creates intrigue

+ Forces the readers to use their imaginations

+ Brings a work of literature to the life

Where the intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.


+ Surprises readers

+ Evokes interest

+ Develops a comparison between two dissimilar things

+ Adds vividness to a given image

+ Controls the pacing of the poem or a narrative

+ Provides a logical connection between two vague concepts

Two or more ideas are placed side by side for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts


+ Dramatic effect

+ Appealing

+ Provokes our thoughts

+ Shows wit

A phrase combining two or more contradictory terms

There was a deafening silence


+ Lay emphasis and create rhythm

+ Becomes more noticeable

+ Makes ideas memorable

+ Draws the attention of readers toward a certain idea

Repeats the same thing to make an idea clearer and more memorable


+ Can be utilised as a mask, scathe or defensive mechanism

+ Used when bitterness is hard to express in a pleasant way

+ Used to say something without hurting somebody directly

+ Makes the stories seem real to the readers

Meant to mock, often with satirical or ironic remarks, with a purpose in order to simultaneously amuse and hurt someone


+ Attracts attention,

+ Appeals directly to the senses

+ Encourages imaginations

+ Relates feelings to a personal experiences

+ Easier for readers to understand the subject matter

+ Offers variety in our ways of thinking

A direct comparison between one thing and another using 'as' or 'like'

The trees stood as tall as towers


+ Helps readers to hear the sounds of the words they reflect

+ Has an effect on the readers’ senses

+ Helps create emphasis

Words that sound like the noises they represent

The autumn leaves and twigs cracked and crunched underfoot


+ Enhances musical effect by using it for creating internal rhyme

+ Enhances the pleasure of reading

+ Helps to develop a particular mood

Repetition of a vowel sound in a series of words

He sneezed and wheezed, could hardly breathe.


+ Conveys ideas in different ways from the common words and expressions of daily life

+ Conveys meaning more vividly than ordinary speech

+ The idea is expressed more emphatically

+ Examines pros and cons of a subject under discussion

+ Helps to bring forth judgment on that particular subject

Putting two opposite ideas together to highlight contrasts

"That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."


+ Makes statements more convincing

+ Puts the readers in a right form from the very beginning.

+ Gives more explanation

+ Adds emphasis

+ Offers readers an insight into true feelings and opinions of characters and narrators

A phrase that adds extra detail

Kiran, who was nearly sixteen, loved his English lessons.

Rhetorical Question

+ Increases power of an idea

+ Creates interest

+ Enhances persuasion in speeches

A question which implies its own answer

Who doesn’t want to be successful?

Personal Pronouns

+ Makes the audience feel as though they are being spoken to on a personal level

‘I’, ‘you’ and ‘we’


+ Adds different layers of meaning

+ Makes stories and characters multidimensional

+ Allows writers to put forward their moral and political points of view

Abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures, and events