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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

Alliteration

+ Creates a musical effect


+ Interesting and appealing


+ Easier to remember


+ Provides flow and beauty

A number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.




The seahorse sought safety and solace.

Metaphor

+ Appeals directly to the senses


+ Sharpens imaginations


+ Gives a life-like quality poetry


+ Offers fresh ways of viewing things

Uses an image or idea to represent something else




The circus was a magnet for the children





Personification

+ Gives a deeper meaning


+ Adds vividness to expressions


+ Brings inanimate things to life


+ Easier to relate to something that is human


+ Encourages us to develop a new perspective

A figure of speech in which a thing – an idea, object, place or animal – is given human attributes

Hyperbole

+ Creates an amusing effect


+ Emphasises meaning


+ Makes common human feelings remarkable


+ Develops contrasts


+ Catch the reader’s attention

Involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis




It is simply out of this world

Irony

+ Develop readers’ interest


+ Creates intrigue


+ Forces the readers to use their imaginations


+ Brings a work of literature to the life

Where the intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.

Juxtaposition

+ Surprises readers


+ Evokes interest


+ Develops a comparison between two dissimilar things


+ Adds vividness to a given image


+ Controls the pacing of the poem or a narrative


+ Provides a logical connection between two vague concepts

Two or more ideas are placed side by side for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts

Oxymoron

+ Dramatic effect


+ Appealing


+ Provokes our thoughts


+ Shows wit

A phrase combining two or more contradictory terms




There was a deafening silence

Repetition

+ Lay emphasis and create rhythm


+ Becomes more noticeable


+ Makes ideas memorable


+ Draws the attention of readers toward a certain idea

Repeats the same thing to make an idea clearer and more memorable

Sarcasm

+ Can be utilised as a mask, scathe or defensive mechanism


+ Used when bitterness is hard to express in a pleasant way


+ Used to say something without hurting somebody directly


+ Makes the stories seem real to the readers

Meant to mock, often with satirical or ironic remarks, with a purpose in order to simultaneously amuse and hurt someone

Simile

+ Attracts attention,


+ Appeals directly to the senses


+ Encourages imaginations


+ Relates feelings to a personal experiences


+ Easier for readers to understand the subject matter


+ Offers variety in our ways of thinking

A direct comparison between one thing and another using 'as' or 'like'




The trees stood as tall as towers

Onomatopoeia

+ Helps readers to hear the sounds of the words they reflect


+ Has an effect on the readers’ senses


+ Helps create emphasis

Words that sound like the noises they represent




The autumn leaves and twigs cracked and crunched underfoot

Assonance

+ Enhances musical effect by using it for creating internal rhyme


+ Enhances the pleasure of reading


+ Helps to develop a particular mood

Repetition of a vowel sound in a series of words



He sneezed and wheezed, could hardly breathe.

Antithesis

+ Conveys ideas in different ways from the common words and expressions of daily life


+ Conveys meaning more vividly than ordinary speech


+ The idea is expressed more emphatically


+ Examines pros and cons of a subject under discussion


+ Helps to bring forth judgment on that particular subject

Putting two opposite ideas together to highlight contrasts



"That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Parenthesis

+ Makes statements more convincing


+ Puts the readers in a right form from the very beginning.


+ Gives more explanation


+ Adds emphasis


+ Offers readers an insight into true feelings and opinions of characters and narrators


A phrase that adds extra detail



Kiran, who was nearly sixteen, loved his English lessons.

Rhetorical Question

+ Increases power of an idea


+ Creates interest


+ Enhances persuasion in speeches

A question which implies its own answer



Who doesn’t want to be successful?

Personal Pronouns

+ Makes the audience feel as though they are being spoken to on a personal level

‘I’, ‘you’ and ‘we’

Allegory

+ Adds different layers of meaning


+ Makes stories and characters multidimensional


+ Allows writers to put forward their moral and political points of view

Abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures, and events