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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-dict-

(Latin root)
to say

examples: contradict, dictate, diction, edict, predict
-duc-

(Latin root)
to lead, bring, take

examples: deduce, produce, reduce
-gress-

(Latin root)
to walk

examples: digress, progress, transgress
-ject-

(Latin root)
to throw

examples: eject, inject, interject, project, reject, subject
-pel-

(Latin root)
to drive

examples: compel, dispel, impel, repel
-pend-

(Latin root)
to hang

examples: append, depend, impend, pendant, pendulum
-port-

(Latin root)
to carry

examples: comport, deport, export, import, report, support
-scrib-, -script-

(Latin root)
to write

examples: describe, description, prescribe, prescription, subscribe, subscription, transcribe, transcription
-tract-

(Latin root)
to pull, drag, draw

examples: attract, contract, detract, extract, protract, retract, traction
-vert-

(Latin root)
to turn

examples: convert, divert, invert, revert
co-

(Latin prefix)
together

examples: coauthor, coedit, coheir
de-

(Latin prefix)
away, off; generally indicates reversal or removal in English

examples: deactivate, debone, defrost, decompress, deplane
dis-

(Latin prefix)
not, not any

examples: disbelief, discomfort, discredit, disrepair, disrespect
inter-

(Latin prefix)
between, among

examples: disbelief, discomfort, discredit, disrepair, disrespect
inter-

(Latin prefix)
between, among

examples: international, interfaith, intertwine, intercellular, interject
non-

(Latin prefix)
not

examples: nonessential, nonmetallic, nonresident, nonviolence, nonskid, nonstop
post-

(Latin prefix)
after

examples: postdate, postwar, postnasal, postnatal
pre-

(Latin prefix)
before

examples: preconceive, preexist, premeditate, predispose, prepossess, prepay
re-

(Latin prefix)
again; back, backward

examples: rearrange, rebuild, recall, remake, rerun, rewrite
sub-

(Latin prefix)
under

examples: submarine, subsoil, subway, subhuman, substandard
trans-

(Latin prefix)
across, beyond, through

examples: transatlantic, transpolar
-able, -ible

(Latin suffix)
forms adjectives and means “capable or worthy of”

examples: likable, flexible
-ation

(Latin suffix)
forms nouns from verbs

examples: creation, civilization, automation, speculation, information
-fy, -ify

(Latin suffix)
forms verbs and means “to make or cause to become”

examples: purify, acidify, humidify
-ment

(Latin suffix)
forms nouns from verbs

examples: entertainment, amazement, statement, banishment
-ty, -ity

(Latin suffix)
forms nouns from adjectives

examples: subtlety, certainty, cruelty, frailty, loyalty, royalty; eccentricity, electricity, peculiarity, similarity, technicality
-anthrop-

(Greek root)
human

examples: misanthrope, philanthropy, anthropomorphic
-chron-

(Greek root)
time

examples: anachronism, chronic, chronicle, synchronize, chronometer
-dem-

(Greek root)
people

examples: democracy, demography, demagogue, endemic, pandemic
-morph-

(Greek root)
form

examples: amorphous, metamorphic, morphology
-path-

(Greek root)
feeling, suffering

examples: empathy, sympathy, apathy, apathetic, psychopathic
-pedo-, -ped-

(Greek root)
child, children

examples: pediatrician, pedagogue
-philo-, -phil-

(Greek root)
having a strong affinity or love for

examples: philanthropy, philharmonic, philosophy
-phon-

(Greek root)
sound

examples: polyphonic, cacophony, phonetics
a-, an-

(Greek prefix)
without

examples: achromatic, amoral, atypical, anaerobic
anti-, ant-

(Greek prefix)
opposite; opposing

examples: anticrime, antipollution, antacid
auto-

(Greek prefix)
self, same

examples: autobiography, automatic, autopilot
bio-, bi-

(Greek prefix)
life, living organism

examples: biology, biophysics, biotechnology, biopsy
geo-

(Greek prefix)
Earth; geography

examples: geography, geomagnetism, geophysics, geopolitics
hyper-

(Greek prefix)
excessive, excessively

examples: hyperactive, hypercritical, hypersensitive
micro-

(Greek prefix)
small

examples: microcosm, micronucleus, microscope
mono-

(Greek prefix)
one, single, alone

examples: monochrome, monosyllable, monoxide
neo-

(Greek prefix)
new, recent

examples: neonatal, neophyte, neoconservatism, neofascism, neodymium
pan-

(Greek prefix)
all

examples: panorama, panchromatic, pandemic, pantheism
thermo-, therm-

(Greek prefix)
heat

examples: thermal, thermometer, thermostat
-ism

(Greek suffix)
forms nouns and means “the act, state, or theory of”

examples: criticism, optimism, capitalism
-ist


(Greek suffix)
forms agent nouns from verbs ending in -ize or nouns ending in -ism and is used like -er

examples: conformist, copyist, cyclist
-ize

(Greek suffix)
forms verbs from nouns and adjectives

examples: formalize, jeopardize, legalize, modernize, emphasize, hospitalize, industrialize, computerize
-gram

(Greek suffix)
something written or drawn, a record

examples: cardiogram, telegram
-graph


(Greek suffix)
something written or drawn; an instrument for writing, drawing, or recording

examples: monograph, phonograph, seismograph
-logue, -log


(Greek suffix)
speech, discourse; to speak

examples: monologue, dialogue, travelogue
-logy


(Greek suffix)
discourse, expression; science, theory, study

examples: phraseology, biology, dermatology
-meter, -metry


(Greek suffix)
measuring device; measure

examples: spectrometer, geometry, kilometer, parameter, perimeter
-oid


(Greek suffix)
forms adjectives and nouns and means “like, resembling” or “shape, form”

examples: humanoid, spheroid, trapezoid
-phile


(Greek suffix)
one that loves or has a strong affinity for; loving

examples: audiophile, Francophile
-phobe, -phobia


(Greek suffix)
one that fears a specified thing; an intense fear of a specified thing

examples: agoraphobe, agoraphobia, xenophobe, xenophobia
-phone


(Greek suffix)
sound; device that receives or emits sound; speaker of a language

examples: homophone, geophone, telephone, Francophone