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55 Cards in this Set

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Order of draw

Yellow lt blue red green lavender grey

Methods of phlebotomy

Winged infusion (butterfly) syringe vacutainer

Veins for phlebotomy

Cephalic, basilic, median basilic and cephalic, supplementary cephalic, median ante brachial vein

Commonly preferred vein for phlebotomy

Cephalic

Least preferred vein for phlebotomy

Basilic

Why is the basilic vein least preferred

Connected to mammary vein damage can hinder lactation in the future

Yellow tube is for

Culture no additive

Lt blue tube is for

Coagulation tests container anticoagulant

What are some complications that occur with phlebotomy

Convulsions hematoma hemolysis fainting no blood or syncope/fear

What does hematocrit test for

Anemia

What's the male normal value for hematocrit

42-52%

What's the normal value of female hematocrit

36-45%

What's the normal value for ESR

0-20mm

What does the ESR test for

It tests for inflammation mainly arthritis

What is the normal value of glucose

70-120mg/dL

What color is gram positive

Color change to purple

What color is gram negative

Color change to pink or red

What's the normal value of RBC

4-5 million

Red tube is for

Chemistry has serum separator

What's the normal value for WBC

4-11,000

Normal value of platelets

150,000-400,000

What does the PTT or partial thromboplastin time test for

Hemophilia normal value is 20-40 secs

What does the PT or prothrombin time test for

How well you clot normal value is 10-13 secs

What are your electrolytes

Ca- calcium Cl- chloride K-potassium Na-sodium BUN- blood urea nitrogen Cr- creatinine

Chemistry normal values

Ca-8-10mg/dL Cl-98/106mmol/L K-3-5mmol/L Na-135-145 BUN-7-18mg/dL Cr-.2-.8mg/dL

Hemoglobin tests for what

How much oxygen in blood

Blood glucose tests for what

How much glucose in your blood

What virus is the mono test testing for

Epstein Barr virus

How do you collect a strep test

In a figure 8 swap of throat

Green tube is for

Special chemistry

Why is gram staining done

To identify strains of bacteria based on biochemical differences

Sign is

Objective see or observe

Symptom

Subjective feel or observe

Normal oral temp

98.6

Normal tympanic temp

98.6

Normal axillary temp

97.6

Normal rectal temp

99.6

Afebrile

No fever

Labile

Fluctuating temp

What terms mean with fever or elevated temp

Hyperthermia pyrexia and febrile

Lavender tube is for

Hematology contains edta

Normal value for your pulse

60-80b/min

Normal value for heart rate

60-100b/min

Normal value for your respiration rate

12-20 b/min or 16-20b/min

What's the ideal BP

120/80

What's the average adult max BP

130/90

What is he normal value range for BP

90/60 - 140/90

Calculation to convert C to F

C times 9 divided by 5 plus 32

Calculation to convert F to C

F minus 32 times 5 divided by 9

What gauge needle do u you use for butterfly and why

23 gauge and it's for small veins and pediatrics

Why do we use syringe for phlebotomy

When there is concern veins might collapse

What gauge is common for vacutainer

20-21 gauge

What is the benefit of vacutainer blood draw

You can withdrawal multiple tubes

What places can we not draw blood from

Burns scars bruising (petechiae) edema hematoma iv sites and mastectomy side

Why don't you draw blood from the mastectomy side

It damages circulation to the mastectomy healing site