Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/271

Click to flip

271 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
立て札
た*て*ふだ
(noun)

notice; sign (on a post); bulletin board
注意書き
ちゅう*い*が*き
(noun)

notice; note; instructions
禁煙
きん*えん
(noun; suru-V; no-adj)

1: No Smoking!; Smoking Prohibited!

2: abstaining from smoking; quitting smoking; (Expression)
お静かに
お*しず*かに
"please be quiet"

(as you might see on a sign)
危険
き*けん
(noun; no-adj; na-adj)

1: dangerous; hazardous
(as you might see on a sign)
危ない
あぶ*ない
(adj)

1: dangerous; risky; hazardous; perilous; precarious;
(as you might see on a sign)

2: in danger; in jeopardy; critical; grave; at risk;
3: uncertain; unreliable; insecure; unsteady; doubtful;
4: close (i.e. a close call); narrow; (Interjection)
5: look out!; watch out!
関係者
かん*けい*しゃ
(noun)

authorized people; people(s) concerned; staff; officials
以外
い*がい
(adverbial noun)

with the exception of ~; excepting ~
立ち入り
た*ち*い*り
(noun)

entering
立ち入り禁止
た*ち*い*り*きん*し
(noun)

entering prohibited; keep off!; No Trespassing!
関係者以外立ち入り禁止
かんけいしゃ*いがい*たちいり*きんし
(as seen on a sign)

No entry except for authorized people.
禁止
きん*し
(noun; suru-V)

prohibition; ban
けむり
(noun)

smoke; fumes
安静(な)
あん*せい(な)
(na-adj; noun)

quietly

rest; quiet; repose
静か(な)
しずか(な)
(noun; na-adj)

quiet; peaceful
静まる
しず*まる
(intransitive)

to become quiet; to die down
危機
き*き
(noun; no-adj)

a crisis
危うい
あや*うい
(adj) [caution: reading]

1: dangerous; risky; hazardous; perilous; precarious;
2: . narrow
険しい
けわ*しい
(adj) [caution: reading]

1: precipitous; rugged; inaccessible; impregnable; steep;
2: grim; severe; stern
関心
かん*しん
(noun)

concern; interest
関わる
かか*わる
(intransitive)

1: to be affected; to be influenced;
2: to be concerned with; to have to do with;
3: to stick to (opinions)
(~に)関する
(〜に)かん*する
related to..
かかり
(noun)

charge; duty; person in charge; official; clerk;
係員
かかり*いん
(noun)

a person in charge; official (e.g. customs); clerk in charge
関係
かん*けい
(noun)

a realation/connection
転落
てん*らく
(noun; suru-V)
a fall

fall; degradation; slump; spill
落ちる
お*ちる
(intransitive)

1: to fall down; to drop; to fall (e.g. rain); to sink (e.g. sun or moon); to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze); to be used in a certain place (e.g. money);

2: to be omitted; to be missing;

3: to decrease; to sink;

4: to fail (e.g. exam or class); to lose (contest, election, etc.);
落第
らく*だい
(noun; suru-V)

failing/repeating a course
落とす
お*とす
(transitive)

1: to drop; to lose; to let fall; to shed (light); to cast (one's gaze); to pour in (liquid); to leave behind;

2: to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.); to remove (e.g. stains or facial hair); to lose; to spend money at a certain place; to omit; to leave out; to secretly let escape;

3: to lose (a match); to reject (an applicant); to fail (a course); to defeat (in an election);
落石
らく*せき
(noun; sure-V)
[as you might see on a sign]

falling rocks
いし
(noun)

a stone
磁石
じ*しゃく
(noun)

a magnet; compass
飛行場
ひ*こう*じょう
(noun)

an airport
飛ぶ
と*ぶ
(intransitive)

to fly
飛び出す
と*び*だ*す
(intransitive)

1: to jump out; to rush out; to fly out;
2: to appear (suddenly);
注意
ちゅう*い
(noun; suru-V)

caution; being careful; attention (heed); warning; advice
駐車場
ちゅう*しゃ*じょう
(noun)

a parking lot
駐車
ちゅう*しゃ
(noun)

parking
駐車禁止
ちゅう*しゃ*きん*し
[as might be seen on a sign]

No Parking!
ゴミを捨てるな
ゴミを*す*てるな
[As might be seen on a sign]

Don't litter!
(literally: don't throw out your trash)
四捨五入
し*しゃ*ご*にゅう
(noun; suru-V)

rounding half up (i.e. fractions); rounding to the nearest (decimal point)
捨てる
す*てる
(transitive)


to throw away; to cast aside; to abandon; to resign; to break up with (someone)
遊泳
ゆう*えい
(noun; suru-V)

1: swimming; bathing;
2: conduct of life
遊び
あそ*ぶ
(intransitive)

1: to play; to enjoy oneself; to have a good time;
水泳
すい*えい
(noun; suru-V; no-adj)

swimming
泳ぐ
およ*ぐ
(intransitive)

to swim
遊泳禁止
ゆう*えい*きん*し
[as might be seen on a sign]

No Swimming!
落石注意
らく*せき*ちゅう*い
[as might be seen on a sign]

Beware of Falling Rocks!
建物
たて*もの
(noun)

a building
なか
(noun)

1: inside; in;
2: among; within;
3: center (centre); middle;
4: during; while
見る
み*る
(transitive)
1: to see; to look; to watch; to view; to observe;
2: to look over; to look on; to assess; to examine; to judge;
表示
ひょう*じ
(noun; suru-V)

a sign

indication; expression; display; presentation; representation; manifestation
喫茶店
きっ*さ*てん
(noun)

a coffee shop
喫煙所
きつ*えん*じょ
(noun)

a smoking area
非〜
ひ〜
a prefix meaning "non- /anti- /dis-"
非常に
ひ*じょう*に
(adverb)

very; extremely, exceedingly
非常口
ひ*じょう*ぐち
(noun)

an emergency exit
御〜

(two readings as a prefix)
ご〜

お〜
a prefix used to create the honorific form of words
御中
おん*ちゅう
(noun suffix)

~ and Company; Messrs; for the attention of ...

[this is written on letters addressed to an organization, rather than an individual within the company or organization.]
御手洗い
お*て*あら*い
(noun)

toilet; restroom; lavatory; bathroom
日常
にち*じょう
(noun; adverbial; temporal noun)

ordinary; regular; everyday; usual
常に
つね*に
(adverb)

always; constantly
常識
じょう*しき
(noun)

common sense
受験
じゅ*けん
(noun; suru-V)

taking an examination (esp. school and university entrance)
受ける
う*ける
(transitive)

to receive
付近
ふ*きん
(noun; noun-suffix)

1: neighbourhood; neighborhood; vicinity; environs;
受付
うけ*つけ
(noun)

1: reception (desk); information desk;
2: receipt; acceptance
〜付き
〜つ*き
(noun suffix)

1: furnished with; including;
2: attached with/to;
日付
ひ*づけ
(noun; no-adj)

date; dating
吸う
す*う
(transitive)
1: to smoke; to breathe in; to inhale;
2: to suck; to sip; to slurp;
3: to absorb; to soak up;
4: to kiss
案内図
あん*ない*ず
(noun)

a guide map
案内
あん*ない
(noun)

information
あん
(noun; noun-suffix)

suggestion/proposal/plan
以内
い*ない
(noun; noun-suffix)

within; inside of; less than
〜内
〜ない
suffix meaning "inside/within"
社内
しゃ*ない
(noun; no-adj)

within a company; in-house
うち
(noun)

the inside
会議室
かい*ぎ*しつ
(noun)

a meeting room
議論
ぎ*ろん
(noun; suru-V)

argument/discussion/debate
不思議(な)
ふ*し*ぎ (な)
(noun; na-adj)

wonder; miracle; strange; mystery; marvel; curiosity

mysterious, wonderful, strange
議員
ぎ*いん
(noun)

an assembly member
文化
ぶん*か
(noun)

culture
〜化
〜か
suffix meaning "-ization"

that is, changing into something else
化学
か*がく
(noun)

chemistry
化粧室
け*しょう*しつ
(noun)

the powder room/ a toilet
階段
かい*だん
(noun)

stairs
段階
だん*かい
(noun)

grade; level; stage; class; phase; steps; order; gradation
〜階
〜かい
suffix meaning "the ~ floor"

as in, "the 5th floor" of a building
だん
(noun)

1: step; stair; (flight of) steps; (row of) stitches; columns (of print);
2: grade; rank; level; (Counter)
手段
しゅ*だん
(noun)

a means/way
石段
いし*だん
(noun)

a stone step
一段と
いち*だん*と
(adverb)

even more; all the more
案内所
あん*ない*じょ
(noun)

information desk
1階
いっ*かい
(noun)

first floor
内外
ない*がい
(noun)

inside and outside; domestic and foreign; approximately; interior and exterior
営業
えい*ぎょう
(noun; suru-v)

business; trade; sales; operations
営業中
えい*ぎょう*ちゅう
(noun)

open (e.g. store)
放送
ほう*そう
(noun; suru-V; no-adj)

broadcast; broadcasting
開放
かい*ほう
(noun; suru-V)
open; opening; throw open; liberalization; liberalisation
厳禁
げん*きん
(noun; suru-V)

strict prohibition; ban; interdiction
開放厳禁
かい*ほう*げん*きん
[as may be seen on a sign]

Do not leave___open! (strictly prohibited)
放す
はな*す
(transitive)
1: to release; to let go; to free; to set free; to let loose; to turn loose;
2: to add (pieces of eggplant, potato, etc.) to water, broth, etc.
放れる
はな*れる
(intransitive)

to leave; to get free; to cut oneself off
押す
お*す
(transitive)
1: to push; to press;
2: to apply pressure from above; to press down;
3: to stamp (i.e. a passport); to apply a seal
押さえる
お*さえる
(transitive)
1: to pin something down; to hold something down; to hold something back; to stop; to restrain; to curb;
2: to seize; to grasp; to arrest;
3: to gain control of something; to govern; to keep down (e.g. information); to suppress;
4: to catch happening; to determine (important points); to find (proof); to understand
押し入れ
お*し*い*れ
a closet
準備
じゅん*び
(noun; suru-v)

preparation; setup; arrangements; provision; reserve
準急
じゅん*きゅう
(noun)

a semi-express train
水準
すい*じゅん
(noun)

1: level; a standard;
2: water level
準決勝
じゅん*けっ*しょう
(noun)

semifinal
備品
び*ひん
(noun)

fixtures; furnishings; equipment
備える
そな*える
(transitive)
1: to furnish; to provide for; to equip; to install;
2: to have ready; to prepare for;
3: to possess; to have; to be endowed with; to be armed with
備え付け(の)
そな*え*つ*け(の)
(no-adj)

furnished with/ built-in
定員
てい*いん
(noun)

fixed number of regular personnel; capacity (of boat, hall, aeroplane, airplane, etc); number of allowed people
定食
てい*しょく
(noun)

a set meal; special (of the day)
定休日
てい*きゅう*び
(noun)

a set/regular holiday
定規
じょう*ぎ
(noun)

a ruler (for measuring)
準備中
じゅん*び*ちゅう
(noun)

in preparation; (shop) not yet open for business
洋食
よう*しょく
(noun)

western-style meal
流行
りゅう*こう
(noun)

fashion
流れる
なが*れる
(intransitive)

to stream; to flow (liquid, time, etc.); to run (ink); to be washed away
流す
なが*す
(transitive)
1: to drain; to pour; to spill; to shed (blood, tears);
2: to wash away;
3: to distribute (e.g. electricity over wires, music over a PA system, etc.); to circulate; to broadcast; to beam;
4: to cruise (e.g. taxi);
5: to float; to set adrift;
6: to call off (a meeting, etc.)
清流
せい*りゅう
(noun)

a clear stream
清い
きよ*い
(adjective)

clear; pure; noble
清い流れ
きろ*い*なが*れ
(noun)

a clear stream
流れ
なが*れ
(noun)

stream; current; flow
清掃
せい*そう
(noun; suru-v)

cleaning
掃く
は*く
(transitive)

to sweep; to brush; to gather up
閉会
へい*かい
(noun; suru-V)

closing of a meeting
閉まる
し*まる
(intransitive)

1: to be shut; to close; to be closed;
2: to be locked;
3: to tighten; to be tightened;
4: to become sober; to become tense
閉める
し*める
(transitive)

to close; to shut
閉店
へい*てん
(noun; suru-v)

closing of a store
閉じる
と*じる
to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.); to shut
てん
(noun; noun-suffix)

1: spot; mark;
2: point; dot;
3: mark (e.g. in exam); score; points; (Counter)
4: counter for goods or items
欠点
けっ*てん
(noun)

a shortcoming
〜点
〜てん
(noun-suffix)
...points (as on an exam)
点検
てん*けん
(noun; suru-v)

inspection; examination; checking:
To inspect one by one (e.g. clothes)
検問
けん*もん
(noun; suru-v)

inspection; examination; check

To search via questioning and inspection (e.g. inspecting cars at checkpoints). More specific that 点検。
点検中
てん*けん*ちゅう
in the middle of an inspection

...is being inspected
地下鉄
ち*か*てつ
the subway
私鉄
し*てつ
a private railway
同窓会
どう*そう*かい
a school reunion
まど
a window
窓口
まど*ぐち
a service window
切符
きっ*ぷ
a ticket
精算
せい*さん
(noun; suru-V)
a (fare) adjustment

exact calculation; squaring of accounts; adjustment
精神
せい*しん
spirit/mind
計算
けい*さん
a calculation
足し算
た*し*ざん
(noun; mathematical term)

addition
改正
かい*せい
an amendment
改める
あらた*める
(transitive)
1: to change; to alter; to revise; to replace;
2: to reform; to correct; to mend; to improve;
3: to examine; to check; to inspect;
4: to do properly; to do formally
引き算
ひ*き*ざん
(noun; mathematical term)

subtraction
改札口
かい*さつ*ぐち
a ticket gate
ふだ
1: token; label;
2: ticket; card;
3: charm; talisman
1万円札
1*まん*えん*さつ
a 10,000 yen note
下線
か*せん
an underline
新幹線
しん*かん*せん
a bullet train
線路
せん*ろ
a railway track
時刻
じ*こく
time; instant; moment
刻む
きざ*む
(transitive)
1: to mince; to cut fine; to chop up; to hash;
2: to carve; to engrave; to chisel; to notch;
3: to tick away (time); to record the passing moments;
4: to etch (into one's mind); to remember distinctly;
番号
ばん*ごう
number
符号
ふ*ごう
a symbol; sign
〜番線
〜ばん*せん
line (platform) number...
信号
しん*ごう 
a traffic light; signal
〜号車
〜ごう*しゃ
carriage number ~
快速
かい*そく
high speed
快い
こころよ*い
pleasant
時速
じ*そく
speed (per hour)
速い
はや*い
fast
道路
どう*ろ
a road
通路
つう*ろ
an aisle
切符売り場
きっ*ぷ*う*り*ば
[as seen on a sign]

ticket counter
精算所
せい*さん*じょ
[as seen on a sign]

fare adjustment office
新幹線乗り場
しん*かん*せん*の*り*ば
[as seen on a sign]

Place to board the bullet train
線路内立ち入り禁止
せん*ろ*ない*た*ち*い*り*きん*し
Standing on the railway tracks is strictly prohibited
えき
a station
発車
はっ*しゃ
departure of a vehicle
発車時刻
はっ*しゃ*じ*こく
departure time
乗り物
の*り*もの
(noun)

vehicle
空港
くう*こう
(noun)

an airport
みなと
a port
理由
り*ゆう
(noun)

a reason
経由
けい*ゆ
(adverbial)

via
不自由(な)
ふ*じ*ゆう(な)
(noun; na-adj)

1: discomfort; inconvenience;
2: poverty; want; destitution;
3: disability; impairment (physical, mental, etc.)
深夜
しん*や
midnight
深い
ふか*い
deep
深刻(な)
しん*こく(な)
serious
降車口
こう*しゃ*ぐち
an exit (for geting off)
降りる
お*りる
(intransitive)
1: to descend (e.g. a mountain); to go down; to come down;
2: to alight (e.g. from bus); to get off; to disembark; to dismount;
3: to step down; to retire; to give up; to quit;
4: to be granted; to be issued; to be given;
5: to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.);
6: to be passed (from the body; i.e. of a roundworm)
下降
か*こう
(noun; suru)

descent/fall
降る
ふ*る
fall
両親
りょう*しん
parents
両〜
りょう〜
both
両方
りょう*ほう
both
〜両目
〜りょう*め
as suffix, it means "first/second...car"
両替
りょう*がえ
exchange of money
為替
かわせ
exchange/ a money order
着替える
き*が*える
change one's clothes
家賃
や*ちん
rent
運賃
うん*ちん
fare (for a ride)
乗車口
じょう*しゃ*ぐち
an entrance (to station, bus, etc.)
分割
ぶん*かつ
(noun; suru-v)


partition; division; separation; segmenting; splitting
割引
わり*びき
(noun; suffix; no-adj)

discount; reduction; rebate; (after a number) tenths discounted; tenths reduced
割れる
わ*れる
(intransitive)
1: to break; to be smashed;
2: to split; to crack; to fissure; to be torn;
3: to be divided; to cleave;
4: to come to light; to be identified; to be established; to become clear
時間割
じ*かん*わり
school timetable
増加
ぞう*か
an increase
増える
ふ*える
(intransitive)

to increase; to multiply
割増
わり*まし
an extra (proportional increase)
優先
ゆう*せん
priority
優しい
やさ*しい
(adj)
kind
優れる
すぐ*れる
(intransitive)

to surpass; to outstrip; to excel
せき
a seat (has more meanings than 座席)
指定席
し*てい*せき
a reserved seat
出席
しゅっ*せき
attendance
側面
そく*めん
the side/flank
両側
りょう*がわ
both sides
〜側
〜がわ
the side of ~
座席
ざ*せき
a seat
座る
すわ*る
(intransitive)
1: to sit; to squat;
2: to assume (a position);
3: to hold steady; to hold still
銀行口座
ぎん*こう*こう*ざ
a bank account
寄付
き*ふ
a donation
立ち寄る
た*ち*よ*る
(intransitive)

to stop by; to drop in for a short visit
取り寄せる
と*り*よ*せる
(transitive)

to order; to send away for
年寄り
とし*よ*り
an old person
通路側
つう*ろ*がわ
(on the) aisle; aisle seat
窓側
まど*がわ
(noun; no-adj)

window-side; window seat (on a bus, etc.)
優先座席
ゆう*せん*ざ*せき
priority seating
郵便局
ゆう*びん*きょく
post office
病院
びょう*いん
Hospital
郵便貯金
ゆう*びん*ちょ*きん
postal savings (deposit)
郵便
ゆう*びん
mail (service)
郵送
ゆう*そう
sending by post
放送局
ほう*そう*きょく
a broadcasting station
薬局
やっ*きょく
a drugstore
貯金
ちょ*きん
savings
包帯
ほう*たい
a bandage
包む
つつ*む
(transitive)

to wrap up; to tuck in; to pack; to do up; to cover with; to dress in
発達
はっ*たつ
development
友達
とも*だち
a friend
速達
そく*たつ
a special delivery
国際
こく*さい
international
実際(に)
じっ*さい(に)
(noun): actual

(adverb): actually
〜の際
〜の*さい
at the time of....
初診
しょ*しん
the first medical consultation
初恋
はつ*こい
one's first love
初めて
はじ*めて
for the first time
初雪
はつ*ゆき
first snow of the season
再診
さい*しん
the follow-up medical consultation
再生
さい*せい
playback; regeneration; r
(noun; suru; no-adj)
resuscitation; return to life; rebirth; reincarnation; refresh; narrow escape; reclamation; regrowth
再来年
さ*らい*ねん
the year after next
再び
ふたた*び
again
診療
しん*りょう
medical examination and treatment
医療
い*りょう
medical treatment/service
治療
ち*りょう
medical treatment; cure
科学
か*がく
science
内科
ない*か
internal medicine department
外科
げ*か
a surgery department
産婦人科
さん*ふ*じん*か
obstetrics and gynecology department
婦人
ふ*じん
a woman
主婦
しゅ*ふ
a housewife
皮肉(な)
ひ*にく(な)
irony/sarcasm
かわ
1: skin; hide; pelt; fur;
2: rind; peel; husk; bark;
3: shell; sheath; wrapping;
4: mask (hiding one's true nature); seeming
救急
きゅう*きゅう
first aid
救う
すく*う
(transitive)

to rescue from; to help out of; to save
安全性
あん*ぜん*せい
(noun)

safety, security
急ぎ
いそ*ぎ
(noun; no-adj)

haste; hurry; expedition; speed; dispatch
急病人
きゅう*びょう*にん
emergency patient or case
自動改札
じ*どう*かい*さつ
automatic turnstile (ticket gate)
夜間
や*かん
at night; night time
夜間救急入口
や*かん*きゅう*きゅう*いり*ぐち
Over-night emergency enterance (at a hospital)
手術
しゅ*じゅつ
surgical operation or procedure