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17 Cards in this Set

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Phylum Arthropoda
CLASS CRUSTACEA
Crustaceans
-two examples are crabs and crayfish
-one or two pairs of antennae
-5 or more pairs of legs
-crawfish use a chileped or claw used to capture food
PHYLUM ECHINODERMATA
Echinoderms
-5 main types-- sea stars, bottle stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers
-echinoderm means "spiny skin"
-move and capture prey with arms and tube feet
-can regenerate broken off body parts
PHYLUM ANNELIDA
Segmented Worms
-tube shaped bodies of all segmented worms divided into little segments
-two example--earthworm and leech
-on the outside of each segment are bristle-like structures called chaetae, helps them move through soil
-earthworms are the simplest organisms to have a well-developed nervous system with a very simple brain
Phylum Mollusca
CLASS CEPHALOPODA
Cephalopods
-four examples--squid, octopus, cuttlefish, and nautilus
-squid and octopus have well developed nervous systems, and large eyes, similar to human eyes
-cephalopods have a closed circulatory system--blood moves through vessels
-cephalopods swim with jet propulsion--moving water in one direction while being forced in the other
Phylum Mollusca
CLASS BIVALVIA
Bivalves
-four examples--clams, oysters, mussels, sand scallops
-bivalve means two shells
-bivalves are mostly filter feeders; they strain their food from the water
-sessile-do not move
Phylum Mollusca
CLASS GASTROPODA
Gastropods
-two examples--snails and slugs
-three main characteristics-soft bodies, mantle, and foot
-gastropod means "stomach-foot"
Phylum Arthropoda
CLASS INSECTA
Insects
-five examples--butterflies, beetles, praying mantises, ladybugs, and cicadas
-have 3 body sections
-6 legs
-all have one or two antennae on its head
PHYLUM NEMATODA
Roundworms
-two examples--whipworm and hookworm
-many are parasitic
-cylindrical bodies
-covered by hard oute layer called cuticle
PHYLUM PORIFERA
Sponges
-bodies are covered in pores
-sponges feed by straining food from water
-sessile-attached to hard underwater surfaces
PHYLUM CNIDARIA
Cnidarians
-three examples--pacific elk coral, pipe organ coral, and flower coral
-use stinging cells to catch prey
-two basic body forms--Polyp and Medusa
Phylum Chordata
CLASS AMPHIBIA
Amphibians
-three examples--spotted salamander, crocodile newt, and yosemite toad
-name of class means 2 lives
-all go through larvae and adult stages of life
-all lay eggs in water
-3 chambered heart
-all have moist skin so they can breathe in oxygen from air
-none have claws
-all ectothermic
Phylum Chordata
CLASS AVES
Birds
-three examples--purple martin, ostritch, and mandarin duck
-all lay eggs to reproduce
-all have hollow bones, lungs, and a 4-chambered heart
-all endothremic
-all have feathers to help keep body temperature high
Phylum Chordata
FISH CLASSES
Three Groups Of Fish
-three examples--mako shark, green oray eel, and sea lamprey
-three classes of fish
-all members of this phylum have gills for breathing
-many have scales covering their bones
-all lay eggs underwater
-all have fins for swimming
-all ectothermic
-three groups are jawless, cartilaginous, and bony
Phylum Chordata
CLASS MAMMALIA
Mammals
-three examples--vampire bat, killer whale, and duck-billed platypus
-all have hair and teeth
-all have lungs they use for breathing
-all have mammary gland--produce milk for the mother to nurse her young
-animals in this class give birth to live young
-all endothermic
Phylum Chordata
CLASS REPTILA
Reptiles
-three examples--rattlesnake, green sea turtles, and tokay gecko
-all have scales to cover their bodies
-all have claws on the ends of their legs
-most have a 3-chambered heart
-all lay eggs on land
-all ectothermic which is why you can see some members of this class warming themselves on rocks dring sunny days
ENDOTHERMIC
can regulate their own body temperature; warm-blooded
ECTOTHERMIC
can't regulate their own body tempereature, body temperature matches that of enviroment; cold-blooded