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26 Cards in this Set

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psychotherapy
an interaction between a therapist and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem
eclectic psychotherapy
treatment that draws on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and the problem
psychodynamic psychotherapies
a general approach to treatment that explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems
resistance
a reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material
transference
an event that occurs in psychoanalysis when the analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies
interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)
a form of psycholtherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships
behavior therapy
a type of therapy that assumes that disordered behavior is learned and that symptom relief is acheived through changing overt maladaptive behaviors into more constructive behaviors
token economy
a form of behavior therapy in which clients are given "tokens" for desired behaviors, which they can later trade for rewards
exposure therapy
an approach to treatment that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response.
systematic desensitization
a procedure in which a client relaxes all the muscles of his or her body while imagining being in increasingly frightening situations
cognitive therapy
a form of psychotherpay that involves helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, or the world
cognitive restructuring
a theraputic approach that teaches clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions, and predictions that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs
mindfulness meditiation
a form of cognitive therapy that teaches an individual to be fully present in each moment; to be aware of his or her thoughts, feelings, and sensations; and to detect symptoms before they become a problem.
cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
a blend of cognative and behavioral therapeutic strategies
person-centered therapy
an approach to therapy that assumes all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist.
Gestalt therapy
an existentialist approach to treatment with the goal of helping the client become aware of his or her thoughts, behaviors, experiences, and feelings and to "own" or take responsibility for them.
group therapy
therapy in which multiple participants (who often do not know one another at the outset) work on their individual problems in a group atmosphere
antipsychotic drugs
medications that are used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders
psychopharmacology
the study of drug effects on psychological states and symptoms
antianxiety medications
drugs that help reduce a person's experiece of fear or anxiety
antidepressants
a class of drugs that help lift people's mood
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a treatment that involves inducing a mild seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
a treatment that involves placing a powerful pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain
psychosurgery
surgical destruction of specific brain areas
placebo
an inert substance or procedure that has been applied with the expectation that a healing response will be produced
iatrogenic illness
a disorder or symptom that occurs as a result of a medical or psychotherapeutic treatment