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18 Cards in this Set

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Research that involves the active study and/or resolution of existing of problems.
applied research
Research that is geared toward gaining knowledge & clarifying concepts with limited emphasis toward the applicability of the findings.
basic research
A detailed investigation of a single subject or topic for which the findings are generalized; this type of study is often conducted by clinicians, is rich in clinical information, & provides researchers with hypotheses about the interaction of problems & other factors.
case study
Studies that show how 2 phenomena or situations correspond to one another.
correlation studies
Method of checking data against other researchs' findings in order to reduce possible bias.
cross-validation
An experimental variable whose value depends on that of the individual variable.
dependent variable
Studies that describe a phenomenon or situation.
descriptive studies
Type of research that focuses on the prevalence & incidence of events.
epidemiological research
Studies that test the likelihood that one variable causes a change in another variable.
experimental studies
Threat to research validity that develops when the involved researchers skew the interpretation of their results due to factors such as personal beliefs, drive to succeed, occupational pressure to publish research, & the corresponding reluctance if journal editors to publish neg. or inclusive findings.
experimenter bias
Threat to research validity that develops if a person examines a situation that is already in existence or an event that has already occurred & then generates an explanation for the elements of the situation or event.
hindsight bias
An epidemiological term that refers to the number of new cases of a disorder in a given period.
incidence
An experimental variable manipulated by researchers to see whether any change results in the experiment's other variable(s).
independent variable
Studies that use statistical techniques to make inferences about the larger population based on a relatively small sample.
inferential studies
An epidemiological term that refers to the percentage of the population who will have a specific disorder at some time during their lives.
lifetime prevalence
Research method that involves compiling the results of numerous studies on a particular phenomenon & analyzing the compiled data.
meta-analysis
An epidemiological terms that refers to the percentage of individuals who have a certain disorder during a certain period of time.
prevalence
A type of research in which questionnaires are completed by a large group of individuals.
survey