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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an acute level of stress resulting in job disatisfication, emotional and physical exhaustion, and an inability to cope effectively
Fringe Benefits
benefits (i.e., medical insurance, retirement, and tax-deferred investement opportunitites) that are give to teachers in addition to base salary
Modes of teaching
different aspects of the teaching function, for example teaching as a way of being, as a creative endeavor, as a live preformance, and so on.
the practice of holding a second job to increase ones income
Realities of Teaching
actual conditions teachers face in teh classroom: the demands as well as the rewards
Student variability
differences among students in regards to their developmental needs, interests, abilities, and disabilities
Teacher accountability
society's expectations that teachers willa dhere to high professional and moral standards and create effective learnign environments for all students
teacher-student ratios
a ratio that expresses the number of students taught by a teacher
an employment policy in which teachers, after serving a probationary period, retain their positions indefinitely and can be dismissed only on legally defensible grounds.
distance learning
the use of technology such as video transmissions that enables students to receive instruction at multiple, often remote sites
field experiences
pportunities for teachers-in-training to experience firsthand the world of a teacher, by observing, tutoring, and instructing small groups
In-Service workshops
onsite professional development programs in which teachers meet to learn new techniques, develop curricular materials, share ideas, or solve problems
Internship programs
programs of assistance and training for beginning teachers, usually for those who have not gone through teacher education programs
Knowledge base
the body of knowledge that represents what teachers need to know and be able to do
a wise, knowledeable individual who provides guidance and encouragement to someone.
a brief, single-concept lesson taught by a teacher education student to a small group of students; usually sdesigned to give the education student an opportunity to practice a specific teaching skill
National board for professional teaching standards
National board for professional teaching standards
NBPTS- a board established in 1987 that began issuing professional certificates in 1994-95 to teachers who possess extensive professional knowledge and the ability to perform at a high level
Pedagogical content knowledge
the knowledge accomplished teachers possess regarding how to present subject matter to students through the use of analogies, metaphors, experiments, demonstrations, illustrations, and other instructional strategies
a short field based experience during which teacher education students spend time observing and assisting in classrooms.
Professional development schools
Professional development schools
schools that have formed partnerships with a college or university for the purpose of improving schools and contributing to the improvement of teacher preparation programs. Activities at PDS may include collaborative research, team teaching, demonstration lessons by teacher education faculty, and various professional growth opportunities for teachers and teacher educators
Reflective teaching log
a journal of classroom observations in which the teacher education student systematically analyzes specific episodes of teaching
self assessment
the process of measuring one's growth in regard to the knowledge, skills, and attitudes possessed by professional teachers
Substitute Teaching
temporary teachers who replace regular teachers absent due to illness, family responsibilities, personal reasons, or professional workshops and conferences
Academic Learning Time
the amount of time students spend working on academic tasks with a high level of success (80% or higher)
Allocated time
the amount of time teachers allocate for instruction in various areas of curriculum
Authentic learning tasks
learnign activities that enable students to see the connections between classroom learning and the world beyond the classroom
Between-class ability grouping:
the practice of grouping students at the middle and high school levels for instruction on the basis of ability or achievement, often called tracking.
 Block scheduling:
a high school scheduling arrangement that provides longer blocks of time each class period, with fewer periods each day
Caring classroom
a classroom in which the teacher communicates clearly an attitude of caring about students’ learning and their overall well-being
Classroom Climate
the atmosphere or quality of life in a classroom, determined by how individuals interact with one another
Classroom management
day-to-day teacher control of student behavior and learning, including discipline.
Classroom organization
how teachers and students in a school are grouped for instruction and how time is allocated in classrooms.
Constructive teaching
a method of teaching based on students’ prior knowledge of the topic and the processes they use to construct meaning.
Cooperative learning
an approach to education in which students work in small groups, or teams, sharing the work and helping one another complete assignments
the school experiences, both planned and unplanned, that enhance (and sometimes impede) the education and growth of students
Democratic Classrooms
a classroom in which the teacher’s leadership style encourages students to take more power and responsibility for their learning
Direct instruction
a systematic instructional method focusing on the transmission of knowledge and skills from the teacher to the student
Discovery learning
an approach to teaching that gives students opportunities to inquire into subjects so that they “discover” knowledge for themselves
explicit curriculum
the behavior, attitudes, and knowledge that a school intends to teach students
extracurricular/co curricular programs
activities perceived as additions to the academic curriculum
group investigation
an approach to teaching in which the teacher facilitates learning by creating an environment that allows students to determine what they will study and how.
Hidden curriculum
the behaviors, attitudes, and knowledge the school culture unintentionally teaches students.
inquiry learning
an approach to teaching that gives students opportunities to explore, or inquire into, subjects so that they develop their own answers to problem situations
integrated curriculum
: a school curriculum that draws from two or more subject areas and focuses on a theme or concept rather than on a single subject
null curriculum
the intellectual processes and subject content that schools do not teach
student-centered curriculum
curricula that are organized around students’ needs and interests
subect centered curriculum
a curriculum that emphasizes learning an academic discipline.
time on task
the amount of time students are actively and directly engaged in learning tasks
within-class ability grouping
the practice of creating small, homogeneous groups of students within a single classroom for the purpose of instruction, usually in reading or mathematics, at the elementary level.