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131 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
two of the first Europeans to travel in the Illinois country
Marquette and Joliet
The natural feature where the French built Fort St. Louis
Starved Rock
Led American troops to victory in Illinois during the American Revolution
George Rogers Clark
The first governor of Illinois
Shadrach Bond
The leader of the last Indian uprising
Chief Black Hawk
The leader of the "Long Nine" in their fight to move the capital to Springfield
Abraham Lincoln
Senator from Illinois known as the "little giant"
Stephan Douglas
Important leader in the fight to keep Illinois a "free state"
Edward Coles
The first state capital of Illinois
Kaskaskia
The second state capital of Illinois
Vandalia
How many constitutions has Illinois had
4
When did Illinois become a state
1818
How many different capitals has Illinois had?
3
What is the population of Illinois
13 million
What state was Illinois once a county of.(now a state of the 50 us states)
Virginia
asdf
jk;l
Name 2 major goals of the new 1970 constitution
Greater individual rights protection

improved tax system
major crops found in Illinois
corn
wheat
soybeans
oats
hay
how many states is illinois bordered by..
what are they
5
wisconsin
indiana
kentucky
missouri
iowa
what is the state bird
cardinal
what is the state animal
white tailed deer
what is the state tree?
white oak
state flower?
violet
state nickname?
prairie state
state slogan
land of lincoln
state mineral?
flourite
what does IL mean?
tribe of superior men
Name the 3 largest cites in IL
Rockford
Aurora
Chicago
The State Motto of Illinois is
State Sovereignty, National Union
what is Preamble
a paper that tells us why a constitution was written
what is indictment
a paper telling you are being accused of committing a crim
when you pay a certain amount of money and this lets you out of jail before your trial ___
the right to bail
the order bringing a person before the court to see if they have been legally imprisoned is called a
Writ of Habeas Corpus
The right to _________ is subject to police power
bear arms
Article one of the Illinois Constitution is also called the ________
Bill of Rights
What group decides if an indictment will be issued?
Grand Jury
The state of Illinois does not allow people to be punished for something they did before it became illegal. This is called ___
No Ex post Facto
The state of Illinois can take property as long as the property is then used for the public good and that the previous owners are paid a fair price. This is called ______________
Eminent domain
Do people have the right to assemble under ANY circumstance?
no, only peaceful ones
When can your home be searched?
When they (police) have a search warrant
True or False
A penalty should fit the crime
True
True or False
A person cannot be imprisoned for debt
True
True or False
Does Illinois protect its citizens from discrimination such as their religion or looks
TRUE!!!
Do you have the right to life, happiness and freedom under the Illinois Constitution?
TRUE!! =]
Who is in the General Assembly?
The House of Representatives and the Senate are in the Illinois General Assembly
How many seenator(s) does each voting district in IL have?
ONE!
How many representative(s) does each voting district in IL receive?
TWO!
How old do you have to be in order to be in the Senate or House of Representatives?
21 years old
If you want to become a senator or a representative, how many years must you live in your voting district in order to qualify for the position?
2 years
How old do you have to be to vote in IL?
18
How long must you have lived in the state in order to vote?
30 days
Once a bill is introduced by a legislator it is given 2 things and then it is read for the first time. What are those two things? ________&_______
A number and a title
To become a law, the governor must do what to the bill?
Sign it
What are the three branches of the IL gov?
Legislative,
Executive,
and
Judicial
Which branch of gov. makes the laws
Legislative
If the gov. says no to a bill, it is called a _____-
veto
How many districts does IL have?
59
Where do impeachment proceedings begin?
In the House Of Representatives
Does the bill have to pass both houses before it is sent to the governor?
YES!
Is a bill studied by a committee before it is sent onto the house or the Senate?
YES!q
Does the bill only have to be approved by the Senate to become a law?
NOO!!!
This action provides counties and cities the power to deal with problems in their own way. What is it called?
Home RuLe!
Couties are divided up into smaller units named __________
Townships
The 3 IL courts are called the __________, __________, and the __________
Circuit
Appellate
and the
Supreme
How many judges does the Supreme Court have?
7
How old do you have to be to become Governor?
25
Which branch of government interprets the lawn?
Judicial
Who is the Lt. Governor?
Patrick Quinn
Who is the State Comptroller?
Daniel Hynes
How long is a supreme COurt Judges term?
10 years
How long is the Governor's Term?
4 years
how many counties are in the state of IL?
102
Who takes care of rural roads? Counties or Townships?
Townships
How many different types of courts are in IL?
3
Can Judges on the Supreme Court run for re-election w/o opposition?
Yes! =]
Who enforces the laws?
[which branch]
Executive Branch!
This action provides counties and cities the power to deal with problems in their own way. What is it called?
Home RuLe!
Couties are divided up into smaller units named __________
Townships
The 3 IL courts are called the __________, __________, and the __________
Circuit
Appellate
and the
Supreme
How many judges does the Supreme Court have?
7
How old do you have to be to become Governor?
25
Which branch of government interprets the lawn?
Judicial
Who is the Lt. Governor?
Patrick Quinn
Who is the State Comptroller?
Daniel Hynes
How long is a supreme COurt Judges term?
10 years
How long is the Governor's Term?
4 years
how many counties are in the state of IL?
102
Who takes care of rural roads? Counties or Townships?
Townships
How many different types of courts are in IL?
3
Can Judges on the Supreme Court run for re-election w/o opposition?
Yes! =]
Who enforces the laws?
[which branch]
Executive Branch!
What is Eminent Domain?
When the governor gives $ for property of somebody's and use it as public uses.. aka Fair compensation
What is the State Dance?
Square Dance
What is the state fish?
Blue gill
What is the state insect?
Monarch Butterfly
State Prairie Grass
Big Blue Stem
State Food
PopCOrN!
State Reptile
Eastern Painted Turtle
State Amphibian
Eastern Tiger Salamander
What is the population of IL?
13 million
Does Michigan touch IL?
no it does not!
What number is IL when it joined the union, (state number)
21st state
What years are the 4 constitutions?
1818
1848
1870
1970
How many articles are in the IL COnstitution?
14 articles
What does inherent mean?
it means that if you live here, every person gets the rights
Inalienable- define
it means you cannot take away from us
define -Religious Freedom
to practice your own religion
What is Due Process?
When you investigate and takes steps, -interviewing, asking questions, etc
Define Probable Cause
When police officers are allowed to search homes because of something suspicious.
Define impartial Jury
to come in w/o having a pre-thought decision
Define sufferage
it means the right to vote
can you still vote when you are in jail or if you were convicted of a felony (major crime)
NO WAY!!
When can you vote again after being in jail?
When you complete your sentence
Who makes the laws (which branch)
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
was does the chairman do?
the chairman does the meetings and controls them because they are the leader
Who enforces the laws? (which branch)
Executive Branch
Who is the Lieutenant Governor
second in command
What is the Attorney General
Legal officer, states lawyer
What does the Secretary of state do?
maintains records
what does the ComPtroller do?
they deposit and hold money
Who is the Treasurer? what do they do
They approve payments and write checks
WHO IS OUR...Governor?
Rod Blagojevich
WHO IS OUR...Lt. Governor?
Patrick Quinn
WHO IS OUR...Comptroller?
Daniel Hynes
WHO IS OUR...Treasurer?
Alexi Giannoulias
WHO IS OUR...Secretary of State?
Jesse White
WHO IS OUR...Attorney General?
LIsa Madigan
Who is Crystal Lakes State Senator?
Pam Althoff
Who are Crystal Lakes Representatives?
Mike Tryon and Jack Franks
Who is Crystal Lake's Congressman?
Don Manzullo
Who are Crystal Lake's Senators?
Dick Durbin and Barack Obama